Ftool - PUC-Rio · PDF file 1. File Operations 1.1. The File Menu The drop down File menu...

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  • Prof. Luiz Fernando Martha - PUC-Rio Rua Marquês de São Vicente, 225 - CEP 22453-900 - Rio de Janeiro, RJ Tel. +55 21 3527-1190 - Fax. +55 21 3527-1195 - E-mail: [email protected] - URL: http://www.tecgraf.puc-rio.br/~lfm

    Ftool

    Interactive-Graphics Program

    for Structural Analysis

    Version 4.00 January 2018

    http://www.tecgraf.puc-rio.br/ftool

  • Ftool – Version 4.00 Copyright  Jan. 2018 – Luiz Fernando Martha

    2

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    1. FILE OPERATIONS..................................................................................................................................................................4

    1.1. THE FILE MENU ...................................................................................................................................4

    1.2. EXPORTING SCREEN DISPLAY IMAGES THROUGH THE CLIPBOARD ...........................................................5

    2. MODEL CREATION AND MANIPULATION.......................................................................................................................6

    2.1. THE EDIT TOOLBAR .............................................................................................................................6

    2.2. MEMBERS AND NODES.........................................................................................................................6

    2.3. CREATION OF DIMENSION LINES ...........................................................................................................7

    2.4. KEYBOARD MODE ................................................................................................................................8

    2.5. SELECTION MODE................................................................................................................................9

    2.6. UNDO AND REDO .................................................................................................................................9

    2.7. TRANSFORMATIONS ...........................................................................................................................10

    3. VISUALIZATION CONTROLS.............................................................................................................................................12

    3.1. THE VISUALIZATION CONTROL TOOLBAR.............................................................................................12

    3.2. COORDINATE CONTROL .....................................................................................................................12

    3.3. THE DISPLAY MENU...........................................................................................................................13

    4. CONFIGURATIONS ...............................................................................................................................................................14

    4.1. THE OPTIONS MENU ..........................................................................................................................14

    4.2. ANALYSIS TYPE..................................................................................................................................14

    4.3. SIZES OF SUPPORTS, HINGES, LOADS, AND TEXT IN THE DISPLAY ..........................................................14

    4.4. SUPERPOSITION OF STATIC LOAD AND LOAD-TRAIN RESULTS ................................................................16

    4.5. SOLVER FILE .....................................................................................................................................16

    4.6. FORMATTING UNITS AND NUMBERS ....................................................................................................16

    4.7. UNIT SYSTEMS ..................................................................................................................................17

    5. NODE AND MEMBER ATTRIBUTES..................................................................................................................................19

    5.1. CONTROL OF NODE AND MEMBER ATTRIBUTES ...................................................................................19

    5.2. FEATURES COMMON TO SUB-MENUS ...................................................................................................19

    5.3. MATERIAL PARAMETERS ....................................................................................................................20

    5.4. MEMBER SECTION PROPERTIES .........................................................................................................21

    5.5. SUPPORT CONDITIONS.......................................................................................................................23

    5.6. CONNECTION OF MEMBER ENDS TO NODES........................................................................................24

    5.7. CONSTRAINTS ON MEMBER DEFORMATIONS .......................................................................................24

    6. LOADS.......................................................................................................................................................................................25

    6.1. THE LOAD CONTROL TOOLBAR...........................................................................................................25

    6.2. GENERAL INFORMATION .....................................................................................................................25

    6.3. NODAL LOADS ...................................................................................................................................27

    6.4. MOMENTS ACTING ON MEMBER ENDS ................................................................................................27

    6.5. LINEAR AND UNIFORM DISTRIBUTED LOADS ........................................................................................28

    6.6. THERMAL LOADS (TEMPERATURE CHANGES) ......................................................................................28

    6.7. LOAD-TRAINS (VEHICLE LIVE LOADS FOR BRIDGES) ............................................................................29

  • Ftool – Version 4.00 Copyright  Jan. 2018 – Luiz Fernando Martha

    3

    7. RESULTS ..................................................................................................................................................................................31

    7.1. RESULT MODES.................................................................................................................................31

    7.2. DIAGRAM TOOLBAR ...........................................................................................................................32

    7.3. INFLUENCE LINE TOOLBAR .................................................................................................................33

    7.4. LOAD-TRAIN ENVELOPES TOOLBAR ....................................................................................................34

    7.5. SIGN CONVENTION FOR INTERNAL FORCES AND MOMENTS..................................................................35

    7.6. SCALING OF DIAGRAMS, ENVELOPES AND INFLUENCE LINES ................................................................37

    7.7. AXIAL FORCE DIAGRAM.......................................................................................................................37

    7.8. SHEAR FORCE DIAGRAM.....................................................................................................................38

    7.9. BENDING MOMENT DIAGRAM ...............................................................................................................38

    7.10. DEFORMED CONFIGURATION DIAGRAM ................................................................................................39

    7.11. AXIAL FORCE INFLUENCE LINE ............................................................................................................39

    7.12. SHEAR FORCE INFLUENCE LINE...........................................................................................................40

    7.13. BENDING MOMENT INFLUENCE LINE.....................................................................................................40

    7.14. AXIAL FORCE LOAD-TRAIN ENVELOPES ................................................................................................41

    7.15. SHEAR FORCE LOAD-TRAIN ENVELOPES ..............................................................................................41

    7.16. BENDING MOMENT LOAD-TRAIN ENVELOPES ........................................................................................42

    7.17. NUMERICAL DISPLAY OF RESULTS ......................................................................................................42

    8. ADVANCED EDITION ...........................................................................................................................................................43

    8.1. HOW TO UPGRADE.............................................................................................................................43

    8.2. COMPATIBILITY WITH EDUCATIONAL EDITION.......................................................................................44

    8.3. USER DEFAULT CONFIGURATIONS .....................................