porco aranha

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2 1º DIA CADERNO AMARELO PROVA DE CIÊNCIAS HUMANAS E SUAS TECNOLOGIAS PROVA DE CIÊNCIAS DA NATUREZA E SUAS TECNOLOGIAS LEIA ATENTAMENTE AS INSTRUÇÕES SEGUINTES O tempo disponível para estas provas é de quatro horas e trinta minutos. Reserve os 30 minutos finais para marcar seu CARTÃO-RESPOSTA. Os rascunhos e as marcações assinaladas no CADERNO DE QUESTÕES não serão considerados na avaliação. Quando terminar as provas, entregue ao aplicador este CADERNO DE QUESTÕES e o CARTÃO-RESPOSTA. Você somente poderá deixar o local de prova após decorridas duas horas do início da sua aplicação. Caso permaneça na sala por, no mínimo, quatro horas após o início da prova, você poderá levar este CADERNO DE QUESTÕES. Você será excluído do exame caso: utilize, durante a realização da prova, máquinas e/ou relógios de calcular, bem como rádios, gravadores, headphones, telefones celulares ou fontes de consulta de qualquer espécie; se ausente da sala de provas levando consigo o CADERNO DE QUESTÕES e/ou o CARTÃO-RESPOSTA antes do prazo estabelecido; aja com incorreção ou descortesia para com qualquer participante do processo de aplicação das provas; se comunique com outro participante, verbalmente, por escrito ou por qualquer outra forma; apresente dado(s) falso(s) na sua identificação pessoal. 1 8 2 9 3 10 4 11 5 12 6 7 Este CADERNO DE QUESTÕES contém 90 questões numeradas de 1 a 90, dispostas da seguinte maneira: a. as questões de número 1 a 45 são relativas à área de Ciências Humanas e suas Tecnologias; b. as questões de número 46 a 90 são relativas à área de Ciências da Natureza e suas Tecnologias. Marque no CARTÃO-RESPOSTA, no espaço apropriado, a opção correspondente à cor desta capa: 1-Azul; 2-Amarela; 3-Branca ou 4-Rosa. ATENÇÃO: se você assinalar mais de uma opção de cor ou deixar todos os campos em branco, sua prova não será corrigida. Verifique, no CARTÃO-RESPOSTA, se os seus dados estão registrados corretamente. Caso haja alguma divergência, comunique-a imediatamente ao aplicador da sala. Após a conferência, escreva e assine seu nome nos espaços próprios do CARTÃO-RESPOSTA com caneta esferográfica de tinta preta. Não dobre, não amasse, nem rasure o CARTÃO-RESPOSTA. Ele não poderá ser substituído. Para cada uma das questões objetivas, são apresentadas 5 opções, identificadas com as letras , , , e . Apenas uma responde corretamente à questão. No CARTÃO-RESPOSTA, marque, para cada questão, a letra correspondente à opção escolhida para a resposta, preenchendo todo o espaço compreendido no círculo, com caneta esferográfica de tinta preta. A B C D E Você deve, portanto, assinalar apenas uma opção em cada questão. A marcação em mais de uma opção anula a questão, mesmo que uma das respostas esteja correta. EXAME NACIONAL DO ENSINO MÉDIO ESSA É A COR DO SEU CADERNO DE PROVAS! MARQUE-A EM SEU CARTÃO-RESPOSTA a. b. c. d. e. 2010

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  • 21 DIACADERNO

    AMARELO

    PROVA DE CINCIAS HUMANAS E SUAS TECNOLOGIAS

    PROVA DE CINCIAS DA NATUREZA E SUAS TECNOLOGIAS

    LEIA ATENTAMENTE AS INSTRUES SEGUINTES

    O tempo disponvel para estas provas de quatro horas e trintaminutos.

    Reserve os 30 minutos finais para marcar seu CARTO-RESPOSTA. Osrascunhos e as marcaes assinaladas no CADERNO DE QUESTES nosero considerados na avaliao.

    Quando terminar as provas, entregue ao aplicador este CADERNO DEQUESTES e o CARTO-RESPOSTA.

    Voc somente poder deixar o local de prova aps decorridas duas horasdo incio da sua aplicao. Caso permanea na sala por, no mnimo,quatro horas aps o incio da prova, voc poder levar este CADERNO DEQUESTES.

    Voc ser excludo do exame caso:

    utilize, durante a realizao da prova, mquinas e/ourelgios de calcular, bem como rdios, gravadores,headphones, telefones celulares ou fontes de consulta dequalquer espcie;

    se ausente da sala de provas levando consigo oCADERNO DE QUESTES e/ou o CARTO-RESPOSTA antesdo prazo estabelecido;

    aja com incorreo ou descortesia para com qualquerparticipante do processo de aplicao das provas;

    se comunique com outro participante, verbalmente, porescrito ou por qualquer outra forma;

    apresente dado(s) falso(s) na sua identificao pessoal.

    1 8

    2

    9

    3

    10

    4

    11

    5

    12

    6

    7

    Este CADERNO DE QUESTES contm 90 questes numeradas de 1 a 90,dispostas da seguinte maneira:

    a. as questes de nmero 1 a 45 so relativas rea deCincias Humanas e suas Tecnologias;

    b. as questes de nmero 46 a 90 so relativas rea deCincias da Natureza e suas Tecnologias.

    Marque no CARTO-RESPOSTA, no espao apropriado, a opocorrespondente cor desta capa: 1-Azul; 2-Amarela; 3-Branca ou 4-Rosa.ATENO: se voc assinalar mais de uma opo de cor ou deixar todos oscampos em branco, sua prova no ser corrigida.

    Verifique, no CARTO-RESPOSTA, se os seus dados esto registradoscorretamente. Caso haja alguma divergncia, comunique-a imediatamenteao aplicador da sala.

    Aps a conferncia, escreva e assine seu nome nos espaos prprios doCARTO-RESPOSTA com caneta esferogrfica de tinta preta.

    No dobre, no amasse, nem rasure o CARTO-RESPOSTA. Ele no poderser substitudo.

    Para cada uma das questes objetivas, so apresentadas 5 opes,identificadas com as letras , , , e . Apenas uma respondecorretamente questo.

    No CARTO-RESPOSTA, marque, para cada questo, a letra correspondente opo escolhida para a resposta, preenchendo todo o espao compreendidono crculo, com caneta esferogrfica de tinta preta.

    A B C D E

    Voc deve, portanto,assinalar apenas uma opo em cada questo. A marcao em mais de umaopo anula a questo, mesmo que uma das respostas esteja correta.

    EXAME NACIONAL DO ENSINO MDIOESSA A COR DO SEU CADERNO DE PROVAS!

    MARQUE-A EM SEU CARTO-RESPOSTA

    a.

    b.

    c.

    d.

    e.

    2010

  • 2010

    CH - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 1

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    CINCIAS HUMANAS E SUAS TECNOLOGIASQuestes de 1 a 45

  • 2010

    CH - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 2

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  • 2010

    CH - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 3

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  • 2010

    CH - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 4

    Questo 13

    $VVHFDVHRDSHORHFRQ{PLFRGDERUUDFKDSURGXWRTXHQRQDOGRVpFXOR;,;DOFDQoDYDSUHoRVDOWRVQRVPHUFDGRVLQWHUQDFLRQDLVPRWLYDUDPDPRYLPHQWDomRGHPDVVDVKXPDQDVRULXQGDVGR1RUGHVWHGR%UDVLOSDUDR$FUH(QWUHWDQWRDWpRLQtFLRGRVpFXOR;;HVVDUHJLmRSHUWHQFLDj%ROtYLDHPERUDDPDLRULDGDVXDSRSXODomRIRVVHEUDVLOHLUDHQmRREHGHFHVVHjDXWRULGDGHEROLYLDQD3DUD UHDJLU j SUHVHQoD GH EUDVLOHLURV R JRYHUQR GH/D 3D] QHJRFLRX R DUUHQGDPHQWR GD UHJLmR D XPDHQWLGDGH LQWHUQDFLRQDO R Bolivian Syndicate, iniciando YLROHQWDVGLVSXWDVGRVGRLVODGRVGDIURQWHLUD2FRQLWRVy WHUPLQRXHPFRPDDVVLQDWXUDGR7UDWDGRGH3HWUySROLVSHORTXDOR%UDVLOFRPSURXRWHUULWyULRSRUPLOK}HVGHOLEUDVHVWHUOLQDV

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    Questo 14

    &RXEH DRV ;DYDQWH H DRV 7LPELUD SRYRV LQGtJHQDVGR&HUUDGRXPUHFHQWHHPDUFDQWHJHVWRVLPEyOLFRDUHDOL]DomRGHVXDWUDGLFLRQDOFRUULGDGHWRUDVGHEXULWLHPSOHQD$YHQLGD3DXOLVWD63SDUDGHQXQFLDURFHUFRGH VXDV WHUUDVH D GHJUDGDomRGH VHXVHQWRUQRVSHORDYDQoRGRDJURQHJyFLR

    5,&$5'2%5,&$5'2)Povos indgenas do Brasil: 2001-20056mR3DXOR,QVWLWXWR6RFLRDPELHQWDODGDSWDGR

    $TXHVWmRLQGtJHQDFRQWHPSRUkQHDQR%UDVLOHYLGHQFLDD UHODomR GRV XVRV VRFLRFXOWXUDLV GD WHUUD FRP RVDWXDLVSUREOHPDVVRFLRDPELHQWDLVFDUDFWHUL]DGRVSHODVWHQV}HVHQWUH

    D H[SDQVmR WHUULWRULDO GRDJURQHJyFLR HPHVSHFLDOQDV UHJL}HV &HQWUR2HVWH H 1RUWH H DV OHLV GHSURWHomRLQGtJHQDHDPELHQWDO

    RVJULOHLURVDUWLFXODGRUHVGRDJURQHJyFLRHRVSRYRVLQGtJHQDVSRXFRRUJDQL]DGRVQR&HUUDGR

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    RVSRYRVLQGtJHQDVGR&HUUDGRHRVSRORVHFRQ{PLFRVUHSUHVHQWDGRVSHODVHOLWHVLQGXVWULDLVSDXOLVWDV

    RFDPSRHDFLGDGHQR&HUUDGRTXHID]FRPTXHDVWHUUDVLQGtJHQDVGDOLVHMDPDOYRGHLQYDV}HVXUEDQDV

    Questo 15

    1R GLD GH IHYHUHLUR GH HUD LQDXJXUDGD D(VWUDGD GH )HUUR &DUDMiV SHUWHQFHQWH H GLUHWDPHQWHRSHUDGDSHOD&RPSDQKLD9DOHGR5LR'RFH&95'QDUHJLmR1RUWHGRSDtVOLJDQGRRLQWHULRUDRSULQFLSDOSRUWRGD UHJLmR HP6mR /XtV3RU VHXV DSUR[LPDGDPHQWHTXLO{PHWURVGHOLQKDSDVVDPKRMHYDJ}HVHORFRPRWLYDV

    'LVSRQtYHOHPKWWSZZZWUDQVSRUWHVJRYEU$FHVVRHPMXODGDSWDGR

    $IHUURYLDHPTXHVWmRpGHH[WUHPDLPSRUWkQFLDSDUDDORJtVWLFD GR VHWRU SULPiULR GDHFRQRPLDEUDVLOHLUD HPHVSHFLDOSDUDSRUo}HVGRVHVWDGRVGR3DUiH0DUDQKmR8PDUJXPHQWR TXH GHVWDFD D LPSRUWkQFLD HVWUDWpJLFDGHVVDSRUomRGRWHUULWyULRpD

    SURGXomR GH HQHUJLD SDUD DV SULQFLSDLV iUHDVLQGXVWULDLVGRSDtVSURGXomRVXVWHQWiYHOGHUHFXUVRVPLQHUDLVQmRPHWiOLFRVFDSDFLGDGHGHSURGXomRGHPLQHUDLVPHWiOLFRVORJtVWLFDGHLPSRUWDomRGHPDWpULDVSULPDVLQGXVWULDLVSURGXomRGHUHFXUVRVPLQHUDLVHQHUJpWLFRV

    Questo 16

    2 ,PSpULR ,QFD TXH FRUUHVSRQGH SULQFLSDOPHQWH DRVWHUULWyULRV GD %ROtYLD H GR 3HUX FKHJRX D HQJOREDUHQRUPH FRQWLQJHQWH SRSXODFLRQDO &X]FR D FLGDGHsagrada, era o centro administrativo, com uma sociedade IRUWHPHQWH HVWUDWLFDGD H FRPSRVWD SRU LPSHUDGRUHVQREUHVVDFHUGRWHV IXQFLRQiULRVGRJRYHUQRDUWHVmRVFDPSRQHVHV HVFUDYRV H VROGDGRV$ UHOLJLmR FRQWDYDcom vrios deuses, e a base da economia era a DJULFXOWXUDSULQFLSDOPHQWHRFXOWLYRGDEDWDWDHGRPLOKR

    $SULQFLSDOFDUDFWHUtVWLFDGDVRFLHGDGHLQFDHUDD

    GLWDGXUDWHRFUiWLFDTXHLJXDODYDDWRGRV H[LVWrQFLDGDLJXDOGDGHVRFLDOHGDFROHWLYL]DomRGDWHUUD HVWUXWXUD VRFLDO GHVLJXDO FRPSHQVDGD SHODFROHWLYL]DomRGHWRGRVRVEHQV

    H[LVWrQFLD GH PRELOLGDGH VRFLDO R TXH OHYRX jFRPSRVLomRGDHOLWHSHORPpULWR

    LPSRVVLELOLGDGH GH VHPXGDU GH H[WUDWR VRFLDO H DH[LVWrQFLDGHXPDDULVWRFUDFLDKHUHGLWiULD

    Rascunho

  • 2010

    CH - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 5

    Questo 17

    2V YHVWtJLRV GRV SRYRV 7XSLJXDUDQL HQFRQWUDPVHGHVGHDV0LVV}HVHRULRGD3UDWDDRVXODWpR1RUGHVWHFRP DOJXPDV RFRUUrQFLDV DLQGD PDO FRQKHFLGDV QRVXO GD $PD]{QLD $ OHVWH RFXSDYDP WRGD D IDL[DOLWRUkQHDGHVGHR5LR*UDQGHGR6XODWpR0DUDQKmR$RHVWHDSDUHFHPQRULRGD3UDWDQR3DUDJXDLHQDVWHUUDV EDL[DV GD %ROtYLD (YLWDP DV WHUUDV LQXQGiYHLVGR 3DQWDQDO H PDUFDP VXD SUHVHQoD GLVFUHWDPHQWHQRV FHUUDGRV GR%UDVLO FHQWUDO 'H IDWR RFXSDUDP GHSUHIHUrQFLDDVUHJL}HVGHRUHVWDWURSLFDOHVXEWURSLFDO

    35286$ O Brasil antes dos brasileiros5LRGH-DQHLUR-RUJH=DKDU(GLWRU

    2VSRYRVLQGtJHQDVFLWDGRVSRVVXtDPWUDGLo}HVFXOWXUDLVHVSHFtFDV TXH RV GLVWLQJXLDP GH RXWUDV VRFLHGDGHVLQGtJHQDV H GRV FRORQL]DGRUHV HXURSHXV (QWUH DVWUDGLo}HVWXSLJXDUDQLGHVWDFDYDVH

    DRUJDQL]DomRHPDOGHLDVSROLWLFDPHQWHLQGHSHQGHQWHVGLULJLGDV SRU XP FKHIH HOHLWR SHORV LQGLYtGXRV PDLVYHOKRVGDWULER

    D ULWXDOL]DomRGDJXHUUDHQWUHDV WULERVHRFDUiWHUVHPLVVHGHQWiULRGHVXDRUJDQL]DomRVRFLDO

    DFRQTXLVWDGHWHUUDVPHGLDQWHRSHUDo}HVPLOLWDUHVRTXHSHUPLWLXVHXGRPtQLRVREUHYDVWRWHUULWyULR

    RFDUiWHUSDVWRULOGHVXDHFRQRPLDTXHSUHVFLQGLDGDDJULFXOWXUDSDUDLQYHVWLUQDFULDomRGHDQLPDLV

    R GHVSUH]R SHORV ULWXDLV DQWURSRIiJLFRV SUDWLFDGRVHPRXWUDVVRFLHGDGHVLQGtJHQDV

    Questo 18

    $XVLQDKLGUHOpWULFDGH%HOR0RQWHVHUiFRQVWUXtGDQRULR;LQJXQRPXQLFtSLRGH9LWyULDGH;LQJXQR3DUi$XVLQDVHUi D WHUFHLUD PDLRU GR PXQGR H D PDLRU WRWDOPHQWHEUDVLOHLUD FRPFDSDFLGDGHGH PLOPHJDZDWWV2VtQGLRVGR;LQJXWRPDPDSDLVDJHPFRPVHXVFRFDUHVDUFRV H HFKDV (P $OWDPLUD QR 3DUi DJULFXOWRUHVIHFKDUDP HVWUDGDV GH XPD UHJLmR TXH VHUi LQXQGDGDSHODViJXDVGDXVLQD

    %$&2&&,1$'48(,52=*%25*(65)LPGROHLOmRFRPHoRGDFRQIXVmR Isto Dinheiro.$QRQDEUDGDSWDGR

    2VLPSDVVHVUHVLVWrQFLDVHGHVDRVDVVRFLDGRVjFRQVWUXomRGD8VLQD+LGUHOpWULFDGH%HOR0RQWHHVWmRUHODFLRQDGRV

    DRSRWHQFLDOKLGUHOpWULFRGRVULRVQRQRUWHHQRUGHVWHTXDQGR FRPSDUDGRV jV EDFLDV KLGURJUiFDV GDVUHJL}HV6XO6XGHVWHH&HQWUR2HVWHGRSDtVj QHFHVVLGDGH GH HTXLOLEUDU H FRPSDWLELOL]DU RLQYHVWLPHQWRQRFUHVFLPHQWRGRSDtVFRPRVHVIRUoRVSDUDDFRQVHUYDomRDPELHQWDOjJUDQGHTXDQWLGDGHGHUHFXUVRVGLVSRQtYHLVSDUDDVREUDVHjHVFDVVH]GRVUHFXUVRVGLUHFLRQDGRVSDUDRSDJDPHQWRSHODGHVDSURSULDomRGDVWHUUDVDR GLUHLWR KLVWyULFR GRV LQGtJHQDV j SRVVH GHVVDVWHUUDVHjDXVrQFLDGHUHFRQKHFLPHQWRGHVVHGLUHLWRSRUSDUWHGDVHPSUHLWHLUDVDR DSURYHLWDPHQWR GD PmR GH REUD HVSHFLDOL]DGDGLVSRQtYHO QD UHJLmR 1RUWH H R LQWHUHVVH GDVFRQVWUXWRUDVQDYLQGDGHSURVVLRQDLVGR6XGHVWHGRSDtV

    Questo 19

    2V WURSHLURV IRUDPJXUDVGHFLVLYDVQD IRUPDomRGHYLODUHMRVHFLGDGHVGR%UDVLOFRORQLDO$SDODYUDWURSHLURYHPGHWURSDTXHQRSDVVDGRVHUHIHULDDRFRQMXQWRGHKRPHQVTXHWUDQVSRUWDYDJDGRHPHUFDGRULD3RUYROWD GR VpFXOR;9,,,PXLWD FRLVD HUD OHYDGD GH XPOXJDUDRXWURQRORPERGHPXODV2WURSHLULVPRDFDERXDVVRFLDGR j DWLYLGDGH PLQHUDGRUD FXMR DXJH IRL DH[SORUDomR GH RXUR HP0LQDV*HUDLV H PDLV WDUGHHP *RLiV $ H[WUDomR GH SHGUDV SUHFLRVDV WDPEpPDWUDLX JUDQGHV FRQWLQJHQWHV SRSXODFLRQDLV SDUD DVQRYDViUHDVHSRULVVRHUDFDGDYH]PDLVQHFHVViULRGLVSRUGHDOLPHQWRVHSURGXWRVEiVLFRV$DOLPHQWDomRGRVWURSHLURVHUDFRQVWLWXtGDSRUWRXFLQKRIHLMmRSUHWRIDULQKD SLPHQWDGRUHLQR FDIp IXEi H FRLWp XPPROKRGHYLQDJUHFRPIUXWRFiXVWLFRHVSUHPLGR1RVSRXVRVRVWURSHLURVFRPLDPIHLMmRTXDVHVHPPROKRFRP SHGDoRV GH FDUQH GH VRO H WRXFLQKR TXH HUDVHUYLGR FRP IDURID H FRXYH SLFDGD2 IHLMmR WURSHLURpXPGRVSUDWRV WtSLFRVGDFR]LQKDPLQHLUDHUHFHEHHVVH QRPH SRUTXH HUD SUHSDUDGR SHORV FR]LQKHLURVGDVWURSDVTXHFRQGX]LDPRJDGR

    'LVSRQtYHOHPKWWSZZZWULEXQDGRSODQDOWRFRPEU$FHVVRHPQRY

    $FULDomRGRIHLMmRWURSHLURQDFXOLQiULDEUDVLOHLUDHVWiUHODFLRQDGDj

    DWLYLGDGH FRPHUFLDO H[HUFLGD SHORV KRPHQV TXHWUDEDOKDYDPQDVPLQDV

    DWLYLGDGH FXOLQiULD H[HUFLGD SHORV PRUDGRUHVFR]LQKHLURVTXHYLYLDPQDVUHJL}HVGDVPLQDV

    DWLYLGDGH PHUFDQWLO H[HUFLGD SHORV KRPHQV TXHWUDQVSRUWDYDPJDGRHPHUFDGRULD

    DWLYLGDGH DJURSHFXiULD H[HUFLGD SHORV WURSHLURVTXHQHFHVVLWDYDPGLVSRUGHDOLPHQWRV

    DWLYLGDGHPLQHUDGRUD H[HUFLGD SHORV WURSHLURV QRDXJHGDH[SORUDomRGRRXUR

    Rascunho

  • 2010

    CH - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 6

    Questo 20

    , 3DUD FRQVROLGDUVH FRPR JRYHUQR D 5HS~EOLFDSUHFLVDYD HOLPLQDU DV DUHVWDV FRQFLOLDUVH FRP Rpassado monarquista, incorporar distintas vertentes do UHSXEOLFDQLVPR7LUDGHQWHVQmRGHYHULDVHU YLVWRFRPRKHUyL UHSXEOLFDQR UDGLFDO PDV VLP FRPR KHUyL FtYLFRUHOLJLRVR FRPRPiUWLU LQWHJUDGRU SRUWDGRU GD LPDJHPGRSRYRLQWHLUR

    &$59$/+2-0&A formao das almas: O imaginrio da Repblica no Brasil6mR3DXOR&RPSDQKLDGDV/HWUDV

    ,(LORRJLJDQWHGDSUDoD2&ULVWRGDPXOWLGmRe7LUDGHQWHVTXHPSDVVD'HL[HPSDVVDUR7LWmR

    $/9(6&*RQ]DJDRXDUHYROXomRGH0LQDV,Q&$59$/+2-0&A formao das almas: O imaginrio da Repblica no Brasil. 6mR3DXOR&RPSDQKLDGDV/HWUDV

    $5HS~EOLFDEUDVLOHLUDQRVVHXVSULPyUGLRVSUHFLVDYDFRQVWLWXLU XPD JXUD KHURLFD FDSD] GH FRQJUHJDUGLIHUHQoDV H VXVWHQWDU VLPEROLFDPHQWH R QRYR UHJLPH2SWDQGRSHODJXUDGH7LUDGHQWHVGHL[RXGHODGRJXUDVFRPR)UHL&DQHFDRX%HQWR*RQoDOYHV$WUDQVIRUPDomRGR LQFRQGHQWH HP KHUyL QDFLRQDO HYLGHQFLD TXH RHVIRUoRGH FRQVWUXomRGHXPVLPEROLVPRSRU SDUWHGD5HS~EOLFDHVWDYDUHODFLRQDGR

    DRFDUiWHUQDFLRQDOLVWDHUHSXEOLFDQRGD,QFRQGrQFLDHYLGHQFLDGRQDVLGHLDVHQDDWXDomRGH7LUDGHQWHVj LGHQWLFDomR GD &RQMXUDomR 0LQHLUD FRPR RPRYLPHQWRSUHFXUVRUGRSRVLWLYLVPREUDVLOHLURDR IDWR GH D SURFODPDomR GD 5HS~EOLFD WHU VLGRXP PRYLPHQWR GH SRXFDV UDt]HV SRSXODUHV TXHSUHFLVDYDGHOHJLWLPDomRj VHPHOKDQoD ItVLFDHQWUH7LUDGHQWHVH -HVXV TXHSURSRUFLRQDULDDXPSRYRFDWyOLFRFRPRREUDVLOHLURXPDIiFLOLGHQWLFDomRDR IDWR GH )UHL &DQHFD H %HQWR *RQoDOYHV WHUHPOLGHUDGRPRYLPHQWRVVHSDUDWLVWDVQR1RUGHVWHHQR6XOGRSDtV

    Rascunho

    Questo 21

    1HJUR OKR GH HVFUDYD H GDOJR SRUWXJXrV R EDLDQR/XL]*DPDIH]GDOHLHGDVOHWUDVVXDVDUPDVQDOXWDSHODOLEHUGDGH)RLYHQGLGRLOHJDOPHQWHFRPRHVFUDYRSHORVHXSDLSDUDFREULUGtYLGDVGH MRJR6DEHQGR OHUHHVFUHYHUDRV DQRV GH LGDGH FRQVHJXLX SURYDV GH TXH KDYLDQDVFLGROLYUH$XWRGLGDWDDGYRJDGRVHPGLSORPDIH]GRGLUHLWRRVHXRFLRHWUDQVIRUPRXVHHPSRXFRWHPSRHPSURHPLQHQWHDGYRJDGRGDFDXVDDEROLFLRQLVWD

    $=(9('2(22UIHXGHFDUDSLQKD,QRevista de Histria. Ano1, no5LRGH-DQHLUR%LEOLRWHFD1DFLRQDOMDQDGDSWDGR

    $ FRQTXLVWD GD OLEHUGDGH SHORV DIUREUDVLOHLURV QDVHJXQGDPHWDGHGRVpF;,;IRLUHVXOWDGRGHLPSRUWDQWHVOXWDV VRFLDLV FRQGLFLRQDGDV KLVWRULFDPHQWH$ ELRJUDDGH/XL]*DPDH[HPSOLFDD

    LPSRVVLELOLGDGHGHDVFHQVmRVRFLDOGRQHJURIRUURHPXPDVRFLHGDGHHVFUDYRFUDWDPHVPRVHQGRDOIDEHWL]DGR

    H[WUHPD GLFXOGDGH GH SURMHomR GRV LQWHOHFWXDLVQHJURVQHVVHFRQWH[WRHDXWLOL]DomRGR'LUHLWRFRPRFDQDOGHOXWDSHODOLEHUGDGH

    ULJLGH]GHXPDVRFLHGDGHDVVHQWDGDQDHVFUDYLGmRTXHLQYLDELOL]DYDRVPHFDQLVPRVGHDVFHQVmRVRFLDO

    SRVVLELOLGDGH GH DVFHQVmR VRFLDO YLDELOL]DGD SHORDSRLRGDVHOLWHVGRPLQDQWHVDXPPHVWLoROKRGHSDLSRUWXJXrV

    WURFD GH IDYRUHV HQWUH XP UHSUHVHQWDQWH QHJUR HD HOLWH DJUiULD HVFUDYLVWD TXH RXWRUJDUD R GLUHLWRDGYRFDWtFLRDRPHVPR

    Questo 22

    6XEVWLWXLVH HQWmR XPD KLVWyULD FUtWLFD SURIXQGD SRUXPDFU{QLFDGHGHWDOKHVRQGHRSDWULRWLVPRHDEUDYXUDGRV QRVVRV VROGDGRV HQFREUHP D YLODQLD GRV PRWLYRVTXHOHYDUDPD,QJODWHUUDDDUPDUEUDVLOHLURVHDUJHQWLQRVSDUDDGHVWUXLomRGDPDLVJORULRVD UHS~EOLFDTXH MiVHYLXQD$PpULFD/DWLQDDGR3DUDJXDL

    &+,$9(1$772--Genocdio americano: A Guerra do Paraguai. 6mR3DXOR%UDVLOLHQVHDGDSWDGR

    2LPSHULDOLVPRLQJOrVGHVWUXLQGRR3DUDJXDLPDQWpPRVWDWXVTXR QD$PpULFD 0HULGLRQDO LPSHGLQGR D DVFHQVmR GR VHX~QLFR(VWDGRHFRQRPLFDPHQWHOLYUH (VVDWHRULDFRQVSLUDWyULDYDLFRQWUDDUHDOLGDGHGRVIDWRVHQmRWHPSURYDVGRFXPHQWDLV&RQWXGRHVVDWHRULDWHPDOJXPDUHSHUFXVVmR

    '25$7,272)Maldita guerra: nova histria da Guerra do Paraguai.6mR3DXOR&LDGDV/HWUDVDGDSWDGR

    8PD OHLWXUD GHVVDV QDUUDWLYDV GLYHUJHQWHV GHPRQVWUDTXHDPEDVHVWmRUHHWLQGRVREUH

    DFDUrQFLDGHIRQWHVSDUDDSHVTXLVDVREUHRVUHDLVPRWLYRVGHVVD*XHUUDR FDUiWHU SRVLWLYLVWD GDV GLIHUHQWHV YHUV}HV VREUHHVVD*XHUUDRUHVXOWDGRGDVLQWHUYHQo}HVEULWkQLFDVQRVFHQiULRVGHEDWDOKDDGLFXOGDGHGHHODERUDU H[SOLFDo}HV FRQYLQFHQWHVVREUHRVPRWLYRVGHVVD*XHUUDRQtYHOGHFUXHOGDGHGDVDo}HVGRH[pUFLWREUDVLOHLURHDUJHQWLQRGXUDQWHRFRQLWR

  • 2010

    CH - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 7

    Questo 23

    4XHPFRQVWUXLXD7HEDVGHVHWHSRUWDV"1RVOLYURVHVWmRQRPHVGHUHLV$UUDVWDUDPHOHVRVEORFRVGHSHGUD"(D%DELO{QLDYiULDVYH]HVGHVWUXtGD4XHPDUHFRQVWUXLXWDQWDVYH]HV"(PTXHFDVDVGD/LPDGRXUDGDPRUDYDPRVFRQVWUXWRUHV"3DUDRQGHIRUDPRVSHGUHLURVQDQRLWHHPTXHD0XUDOKDGD&KLQDFRXSURQWD"$JUDQGH5RPDHVWiFKHLDGHDUFRVGRWULXQIR4XHPRVHUJXHX"6REUHTXHPWULXQIDUDPRVFpVDUHV"%5(&+7%Perguntas de um trabalhador que l.'LVSRQtYHOHPKWWSUHFDQWRGDVOHWUDVXROFRPEU

    $FHVVRHPDEU

    3DUWLQGRGDVUHH[}HVGHXPWUDEDOKDGRUTXHOrXPOLYURGH+LVWyULDRDXWRUFHQVXUDDPHPyULDFRQVWUXtGDVREUHGHWHUPLQDGRVPRQXPHQWRVHDFRQWHFLPHQWRVKLVWyULFRV$FUtWLFDUHIHUHVHDRIDWRGHTXH

    RVDJHQWHVKLVWyULFRVGHXPDGHWHUPLQDGDVRFLHGDGHGHYHULDPVHUDTXHOHVTXHUHDOL]DUDPIHLWRVKHURLFRVRXJUDQGLRVRVHSRULVVRFDUDPQDPHPyULD

    D +LVWyULD GHYHULD VH SUHRFXSDU HPPHPRUL]DU RVQRPHVGHUHLVRXGRVJRYHUQDQWHVGDVFLYLOL]Do}HVTXHVHGHVHQYROYHUDPDRORQJRGRWHPSR

    RVJUDQGHVPRQXPHQWRVKLVWyULFRVIRUDPFRQVWUXtGRVSRUWUDEDOKDGRUHVPDVVXDPHPyULDHVWiYLQFXODGDDRVJRYHUQDQWHVGDVVRFLHGDGHVTXHRVFRQVWUXtUDP

    RV WUDEDOKDGRUHV FRQVLGHUDP TXH D +LVWyULD pXPD FLrQFLD GH GLItFLO FRPSUHHQVmR SRLV WUDWD GHVRFLHGDGHVDQWLJDVHGLVWDQWHVQRWHPSR

    DV FLYLOL]Do}HV FLWDGDV QR WH[WR HPERUD PXLWRLPSRUWDQWHVSHUPDQHFHPVHPWHUHPVLGRDOYRVGHSHVTXLVDVKLVWyULFDV

    Questo 24

    $VUXtQDVGRSRYRDGRGH&DQXGRVQRVHUWmRQRUWHGD%DKLDDOpPGHVLJQLFDWLYDVSDUDD LGHQWLGDGHFXOWXUDOGHVVDUHJLmRVmR~WHLVjVLQYHVWLJDo}HVVREUHD*XHUUDGH&DQXGRVHRPRGRGHYLGDGRVDQWLJRVUHYROWRVRV

    (VVDV UXtQDV IRUDP UHFRQKHFLGDV FRPR SDWULP{QLRFXOWXUDO PDWHULDO SHOR ,SKDQ ,QVWLWXWR GR 3DWULP{QLR+LVWyULFR H $UWtVWLFR 1DFLRQDO SRUTXH UH~QHP XPconjunto de

    REMHWRVDUTXHROyJLFRVHSDLVDJtVWLFRV DFHUYRVPXVHROyJLFRVHELEOLRJUiFRV Q~FOHRVXUEDQRVHHWQRJUiFRV SUiWLFDVHUHSUHVHQWDo}HVGHXPDVRFLHGDGH H[SUHVV}HVHWpFQLFDVGHXPDVRFLHGDGHH[WLQWD

    Questo 25

    (PIRUDPFRPHPRUDGRVRVDQRVGDPXGDQoDGD IDPtOLD UHDO SRUWXJXHVD SDUD R %UDVLO RQGH IRLLQVWDODGDD VHGHGR UHLQR8PDVHTXrQFLDGHHYHQWRVLPSRUWDQWHVRFRUUHXQRSHUtRGRGXUDQWHRVDQRVHPTXH'-RmR9,HDIDPtOLDUHDOSRUWXJXHVDSHUPDQHFHUDPQR%UDVLO

    (QWUHHVVHVHYHQWRVGHVWDFDPVHRVVHJXLQWHV

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  • 2010

    CH - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 8

    Questo 26

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    Questo 27

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  • 2010

    CH - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 9

    Questo 30 3HFDGRQHIDQGRHUDH[SUHVVmRFRUUHQWHPHQWHXWLOL]DGDSHORV LQTXLVLGRUHV SDUD D VRGRPLD 1HIDQGXV R TXHQmRSRGHVHUGLWR$$VVHPEOHLDGHFOpULJRVUHXQLGDHP6DOYDGRUHPFRQVLGHURXDVRGRPLDWmRSpVVLPRHKRUUHQGRFULPHWmRFRQWUiULRjOHLGDQDWXUH]DTXHHUDLQGLJQRGHVHUQRPHDGRHSRULVVRPHVPRQHIDQGR

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    Questo 31

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    Questo 32

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    Questo 33

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  • 2010

    CH - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 10

    Questo 34

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    Questo 35

    (P QRVVR SDtV TXHUHPRV VXEVWLWXLU R HJRtVPR SHODPRUDODKRQUDSHODSURELGDGHRVXVRVSHORVSULQFtSLRVDVFRQYHQLrQFLDVSHORVGHYHUHVDWLUDQLDGDPRGDSHORLPSpULRGDUD]mRRGHVSUH]RjGHVJUDoDSHORGHVSUH]RDRYtFLRDLQVROrQFLDSHORRUJXOKRDYDLGDGHSHODJUDQGH]DGHDOPDRDPRUDRGLQKHLURSHORDPRUjJOyULDDERDFRPSDQKLDSHODVERDVSHVVRDVDLQWULJDSHORPpULWRRHVSLULWXRVRSHORJrQLRREULOKRSHODYHUGDGHRWpGLRGDYRO~SLDSHORHQFDQWRGDIHOLFLGDGHDPHVTXLQKDULDGRVJUDQGHVSHODJUDQGH]DGRKRPHP

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    O discurso de 5REHVSLHUUHGHGHIHYHUHLURGHGRTXDO R WUHFKR WUDQVFULWR p SDUWH UHODFLRQDVH D TXDO GRVJUXSRVSROtWLFRVRFLDLVHQYROYLGRVQD5HYROXomR)UDQFHVD"

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    Questo 36

    $SROXLomRHRXWUDVRIHQVDVDPELHQWDLVDLQGDQmRWLQKDPHVVHQRPHPDVMiHUDPODUJDPHQWHQRWDGDVQRVpFXOR;,; QDVJUDQGHV FLGDGHV LQJOHVDVH FRQWLQHQWDLV(DSUySULDFKHJDGDDRFDPSRGDVHVWUDGDVGHIHUURVXVFLWRXSURWHVWRV $ UHDomR DQWLPDTXLQLVWD SURWDJRQL]DGDSHORVGLYHUVRV OXGGLVPRVDQWHFLSDDEDWDOKDDWXDOGRVDPELHQWDOLVWDV(VVHHUDHQWmRRFRPEDWHVRFLDOFRQWUDRVPLDVPDVXUEDQRV

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    Questo 37

    Os meios de FRPXQLFDomRIXQFLRQDPFRPRXPHORHQWUHRVGLIHUHQWHVVHJPHQWRVGHXPDVRFLHGDGH1DV~OWLPDVGpFDGDVDFRPSDQKDPRVDLQVHUomRGHXPQRYRPHLRGHFRPXQLFDomRTXHVXSHUDHPPXLWRRXWURVMiH[LVWHQWHVYLVWRTXHSRGHFRQWULEXLUSDUDDGHPRFUDWL]DomRGDYLGDVRFLDOHSROtWLFDGDVRFLHGDGHjPHGLGDTXHSRVVLELOLWDD LQVWLWXLomRGHPHFDQLVPRVHOHWU{QLFRVSDUDDHIHWLYDSDUWLFLSDomRSROtWLFDHGLVVHPLQDomRGHLQIRUPDo}HV

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  • 2010

    CH - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 11

    Questo 38

    Opinio

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    Questo 39

    A chegada da televiso$FDL[DGHSDQGRUDWHFQROyJLFDSHQHWUDQRVODUHVHOLEHUDVXDVFDEHoDVIDODQWHVDVWURVQRYHODVQRWLFLiULRVHDVIDEXORVDV LUUHVLVWtYHLV JDURWDVSURSDJDQGD YHUV}HVPRGHUQL]DGDVGRWUDGLFLRQDOKRPHPVDQGXtFKH6(9&(1.212UJHistria da Vida Privada no Brasil 3. Repblica: da Belle poque

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    $ 79 D SDUWLU GD GpFDGD GH HQWURX QRV ODUHVEUDVLOHLURV SURYRFDQGR PXGDQoDV FRQVLGHUiYHLV QRVKiELWRV GD SRSXODomR &HUWRV HSLVyGLRV GD KLVWyULDEUDVLOHLUD UHYHODUDP TXH D 79 HVSHFLDOPHQWH FRPRHVSDoRGHDomRGDLPSUHQVDWRUQRXVHWDPEpPYHtFXORGHXWLOLGDGHS~EOLFDDIDYRUGDGHPRFUDFLDQDPHGLGDem que

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    Questo 40

    +RPHQV GD ,QJODWHUUD SRU TXH DUDU SDUD RV VHQKRUHVque vos mantm na misria? 3RUTXH WHFHUFRPHVIRUoRVHFXLGDGRDV ULFDV URXSDVque vossos tiranos vestem? 3RUTXHDOLPHQWDUYHVWLUHSRXSDUGREHUoRDWpRW~PXORHVVHVSDUDVLWDVLQJUDWRVTXHH[SORUDPYRVVRVXRUDKque bebem vosso sangue?

    6+(//(

  • 2010

    CH - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 12

    Questo 42

    Judicirio contribuiu com ditadura no Chile, diz Juiz Guzmn Tapia

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    Questo 43

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    Questo 44

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    Questo 45

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  • 2010

    CN - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 13

    Questo 46

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    Questo 47

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    Questo 48

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    CINCIAS DA NATUREZA E SUAS TECNOLOGIASQuestes de 46 a 90

  • 2010

    CN - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 14

    Questo 50

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    Questo 51

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    Questo 52

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    Questo 53

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  • 2010

    CN - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 15

    Questo 54

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    Questo 55

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    Questo 56

    $ ODYRXUD DUUR]HLUD QD SODQtFLH FRVWHLUD GD UHJLmR VXOGR %UDVLO FRPXPHQWH VRIUH SHUGDV HOHYDGDV GHYLGR jVDOLQL]DomRGDiJXDGHLUULJDomRTXHRFDVLRQDSUHMXt]RVGLUHWRV FRPR D UHGXomR GH SURGXomR GD ODYRXUD6RORVFRPSURFHVVRGHVDOLQL]DomRDYDQoDGRQmRVmRLQGLFDGRV SRU H[HPSOR SDUD R FXOWLYR GH DUUR] $VSODQWDV UHWLUDP D iJXD GR VROR TXDQGR DV IRUoDV GHHPEHELomR GRV WHFLGRV GDV UDt]HV VmR VXSHULRUHV jVIRUoDVFRPTXHDiJXDpUHWLGDQRVROR:,1.(/+/76&+,('(/0Cultura do arroz: salinizao de solos em cultivos de arroz

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    Questo 57

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  • 2010

    CN - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 16

    Questo 58

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    9HULFDQGR DSyV DOJXQV LQVWDQWHV TXH D iJXD GDVHULQJDKDYLDSDUDGRGHIHUYHUHOHHUJXHXRrPERORGDVHULQJDFRQVWDWDQGRLQWULJDGRTXHDiJXDYROWRXDIHUYHUDSyVXPSHTXHQRGHVORFDPHQWRGRrPEROR

    &RQVLGHUDQGR R SURFHGLPHQWR DQWHULRU D iJXD YROWD DIHUYHUSRUTXHHVVHGHVORFDPHQWR

    SHUPLWHDHQWUDGDGHFDORUGRDPELHQWHH[WHUQRSDUDRLQWHULRUGDVHULQJDprovoca, por atrito, um aquecimento da gua contida QDVHULQJD

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    SURSRUFLRQD XPD TXHGD GH SUHVVmR QR LQWHULRU GDVHULQJDTXHGLPLQXLRSRQWRGHHEXOLomRGDiJXD

    SRVVLELOLWD XPD GLPLQXLomR GD GHQVLGDGH GD iJXDTXHIDFLOLWDVXDHEXOLomR

    Questo 59

    O despejo de dejetos de esgotos domsticos e LQGXVWULDLV YHP FDXVDQGR VpULRV SUREOHPDV DRV ULRVEUDVLOHLURV (VVHV SROXHQWHV VmR ULFRV HP VXEVWkQFLDVTXH FRQWULEXHP SDUD D HXWUR]DomR GH HFRVVLVWHPDVque um enriquecimento da gua por nutrientes, o que SURYRFDXPJUDQGH FUHVFLPHQWR EDFWHULDQRH SRU PSRGHSURPRYHUHVFDVVH]GHR[LJrQLR

    8PDPDQHLUDGHHYLWDUDGLPLQXLomRGDFRQFHQWUDomRGHR[LJrQLRQRDPELHQWHp

    Aquecer as guas dos rios para aumentar a YHORFLGDGHGHGHFRPSRVLomRGRVGHMHWRVRetirar do esgoto os materiais ricos em nutrientes SDUDGLPLQXLUDVXDFRQFHQWUDomRQRVULRV

    $GLFLRQDU EDFWpULDV DQDHUyELFDV jV iJXDV GRV ULRVSDUDTXHHODVVREUHYLYDPPHVPRVHPRR[LJrQLR

    6XEVWLWXLU SURGXWRV QmR GHJUDGiYHLV SRUELRGHJUDGiYHLVSDUDTXHDVEDFWpULDVSRVVDPXWLOL]DURVQXWULHQWHV

    $XPHQWDUDVROXELOLGDGHGRVGHMHWRVQRHVJRWRSDUDTXHRVQXWULHQWHVTXHPPDLVDFHVVtYHLVjVEDFWpULDV

    Questo 60

    =,(*/(50)(QHUJLD6XVWHQWiYHORevista IstoDEU

    $IRQWHGHHQHUJLDUHSUHVHQWDGDQDJXUDFRQVLGHUDGDXPD GDV PDLV OLPSDV H VXVWHQWiYHLV GR PXQGR pH[WUDtGDGRFDORUJHUDGR

    SHODFLUFXODomRGRPDJPDQRVXEVROR SHODVHUXSo}HVFRQVWDQWHVGRVYXOF}HV SHORVROTXHDTXHFHDViJXDVFRPUDGLDomRXOWUDYLROHWD SHODTXHLPDGRFDUYmRHFRPEXVWtYHLVIyVVHLV SHORVGHWULWRVHFLQ]DVYXOFkQLFDV

    Questo 61

    1RDQRGHXPYD]DPHQWRHPGXWRVGHyOHRQDEDtDGH *XDQDEDUD 5- FDXVRX XP GRV PDLRUHV DFLGHQWHVDPELHQWDLVGR%UDVLO$OpPGHDIHWDUD IDXQDHDRUDRDFLGHQWHDEDORXRHTXLOtEULRGDFDGHLDDOLPHQWDUGH WRGDD EDtD 2 SHWUyOHR IRUPD XPD SHOtFXOD QD VXSHUItFLH GDiJXDRTXHSUHMXGLFDDVWURFDVJDVRVDVGDDWPRVIHUDFRPDiJXDHGHVIDYRUHFHDUHDOL]DomRGH IRWRVVtQWHVHSHODVDOJDV TXH HVWmR QD EDVH GD FDGHLD DOLPHQWDU KtGULFD$OpP GLVVR R GHUUDPDPHQWR GH yOHR FRQWULEXLX SDUD Renvenenamento das rvores e, consequentemente, para a LQWR[LFDomRGDIDXQDHRUDDTXiWLFDVEHPFRPRFRQGX]LXjPRUWHGLYHUVDVHVSpFLHVGHDQLPDLVHQWUHRXWUDVIRUPDVGHYLGDDIHWDQGRWDPEpPDDWLYLGDGHSHVTXHLUD/$8%,(5/'LYHUVLGDGHGD0DUp1HJUD,Q6FLHQWLF$PHULFDQ%UDVLODJRDGDSWDGR

    $VLWXDomRH[SRVWDQRWH[WRHVXDVLPSOLFDo}HV

    indicam a indeSHQGrQFLD GD HVSpFLH KXPDQD FRPUHODomRDRDPELHQWHPDULQKR

    DOHUWDPSDUDDQHFHVVLGDGHGRFRQWUROHGDSROXLomRDPELHQWDOSDUDUHGXomRGRHIHLWRHVWXID

    LOXVWUDPDLQWHUGHSHQGrQFLDGDVGLYHUVDVIRUPDVGHYLGDDQLPDOYHJHWDOHRXWUDVHRVHXKDELWDW

    LQGLFDPDDOWDUHVLVWrQFLDGRPHLRDPELHQWHjDomRGRKRPHPDOpPGHHYLGHQFLDUDVXDVXVWHQWDELOLGDGHPHVPRHPFRQGLo}HVH[WUHPDVGHSROXLomR

    HYLGHQFLDP D JUDQGH FDSDFLGDGH DQLPDO GH VHDGDSWDUjVPXGDQoDVDPELHQWDLVHPFRQWUDVWHFRPDEDL[DFDSDFLGDGHGDVHVSpFLHVYHJHWDLVTXHHVWmRQDEDVHGDFDGHLDDOLPHQWDUKtGULFD

  • 2010

    CN - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 17

    Questo 62

    8P DPELHQWH FDSD] GH DV[LDU WRGRV RV DQLPDLVFRQKHFLGRV GR SODQHWD IRL FRORQL]DGR SRU SHOR PHQRVWUrV HVSpFLHV GLIHUHQWHV GH LQYHUWHEUDGRV PDULQKRV'HVFREHUWRV D PDLV GH P GH SURIXQGLGDGH QR0HGLWHUUkQHRHOHVVmRRVSULPHLURVPHPEURVGRUHLQRDQLPDO D SURVSHUDU PHVPR GLDQWH GD DXVrQFLD WRWDOGH R[LJrQLR $Wp DJRUD DFKDYDVH TXH Vy EDFWpULDVSXGHVVHP WHU HVVH HVWLOR GH YLGD1mR DGPLUD TXH RVELFKRV SHUWHQoDP D XP JUXSR SRXFR FRQKHFLGR RGRV ORULFtIHURV TXHPDO FKHJDPDPP$SHVDU GRWDPDQKR SRVVXHP FDEHoD ERFD VLVWHPD GLJHVWLYRH XPD FDUDSDoD $ DGDSWDomR GRV ELFKRV j YLGD QRVXIRFRpWmRSURIXQGDTXHVXDVFpOXODVGLVSHQVDUDPDVFKDPDGDVPLWRF{QGULDV

    /23(65-Italianos descobrem animal que vive em gua sem oxignio'LVSRQtYHOHPKWWSZZZIROKDXROFRPEU$FHVVRHPDEUDGDSWDGR

    4XHVXEVWkQFLDVSRGHULDPWHUDPHVPDIXQomRGR2 na UHVSLUDomRFHOXODUUHDOL]DGDSHORVORULFtIHURV"

    S e CH4S e H e COe CH4H e CO

    Questo 63

    $V PLVWXUDV HIHUYHVFHQWHV HP Sy RX HP FRPSULPLGRVVmR FRPXQV SDUD D DGPLQLVWUDomR GH YLWDPLQD & RX GHPHGLFDPHQWRV SDUD D]LD (VVD IRUPD IDUPDFrXWLFD VyOLGDIRL GHVHQYROYLGD SDUD IDFLOLWDU R WUDQVSRUWH DXPHQWDU DHVWDELOLGDGHGHVXEVWkQFLDVHTXDQGRHPVROXomRDFHOHUDUDDEVRUomRGRIiUPDFRSHORRUJDQLVPR$V PDWpULDVSULPDV TXH DWXDP QD HIHUYHVFrQFLD VmR HPJHUDORiFLGRWDUWiULFRRXRiFLGRFtWULFRTXHUHDJHPFRPXPVDOGHFDUiWHUEiVLFRFRPRRELFDUERQDWRGHVyGLR1D+&23TXDQGRHPFRQWDWRFRPDiJXD$SDUWLUGRFRQWDWRGDPLVWXUDHIHUYHVFHQWH FRP D iJXD RFRUUH XPD VpULH GH UHDo}HVTXtPLFDVVLPXOWkQHDVOLEHUDomRGHtRQVIRUPDomRGHiFLGRHOLEHUDomRGRJiVFDUE{QLFRJHUDQGRDHIHUYHVFrQFLD

    $V HTXDo}HV D VHJXLU UHSUHVHQWDP DV HWDSDV GDUHDomRGDPLVWXUDHIHUYHVFHQWHQDiJXDHPTXHIRUDPRPLWLGRVRVHVWDGRVGHDJUHJDomRGRVUHDJHQWHVH+3A UHSUHVHQWDRiFLGRFtWULFR

    , 1D+&231D+ +

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    ,9,,,H,,, ,,9,,,H,, ,9,,,,H,, ,,9,,H,,, ,9,,,,H,,

    Questo 64

    $OJXQV DQItELRV H UpSWHLV VmR DGDSWDGRV j YLGDVXEWHUUkQHD 1HVVD VLWXDomR DSUHVHQWDP DOJXPDVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDV FRUSRUDLV FRPR SRU H[HPSOR DXVrQFLDGHSDWDV FRUSRDQHODGRTXH IDFLOLWD RGHVORFDPHQWRQRVXEVRORHHPDOJXQVFDVRVDXVrQFLDGHROKRV

    6XSRQKD TXH XPELyORJR WHQWDVVH H[SOLFDU D RULJHPGDV DGDSWDo}HV PHQFLRQDGDV QR WH[WR XWLOL]DQGRFRQFHLWRV GD WHRULD HYROXWLYD GH /DPDUFN$R DGRWDUHVVHSRQWRGHYLVWDHOHGLULDTXH

    DVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVFLWDGDVQRWH[WRIRUDPRULJLQDGDVSHODVHOHomRQDWXUDO

    DDXVrQFLDGHROKRVWHULDVLGRFDXVDGDSHODIDOWDGHXVRGRVPHVPRVVHJXQGRDOHLGRXVRHGHVXVR

    R FRUSR DQHODGR p XPD FDUDFWHUtVWLFD IRUWHPHQWHadaptativa, mas seria transmitida apenas SULPHLUDJHUDomRGHGHVFHQGHQWHV

    DVSDWDV WHULDPVLGRSHUGLGDVSHOD IDOWD GHXVRH HPVHJXLGDHVVDFDUDFWHUtVWLFDIRLLQFRUSRUDGDDRSDWULP{QLRJHQpWLFRHHQWmRWUDQVPLWLGDVDRVGHVFHQGHQWHV

    DVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVFLWDGDVQRWH[WRIRUDPDGTXLULGDVSRUPHLRGHPXWDo}HVHGHSRLVDRORQJRGRWHPSRIRUDPVHOHFLRQDGDVSRUVHUHPPDLVDGDSWDGDVDRambiente em que os organismos se encRQWUDP

    Rascunho

  • 2010

    CN - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 18

    Questo 65

    O cresciPHQWR GD SURGXomR GH HQHUJLD HOpWULFD DRORQJR GR WHPSR WHP LQXHQFLDGR GHFLVLYDPHQWH RSURJUHVVR GD KXPDQLGDGH PDV WDPEpP WHP FULDGRXPD VpULD SUHRFXSDomR R SUHMXt]R DRPHLR DPELHQWH1RV SUy[LPRV DQRV XPD QRYD WHFQRORJLD GH JHUDomRGHHQHUJLDHOpWULFDGHYHUiJDQKDUHVSDoRDVFpOXODVDFRPEXVWtYHOKLGURJrQLRR[LJrQLR

    9,//8//$6+07,&,$1(//,($*21=/(=(5Qumica Nova Na Escola. NoPDLR

    Com basH QR WH[WR H QD JXUD D SURGXomR GH HQHUJLDHOpWULFD SRU PHLR GD FpOXOD D FRPEXVWtYHO KLGURJrQLRR[LJrQLRGLIHUHQFLDVHGRVSURFHVVRVFRQYHQFLRQDLVSRUTXH

    WUDQVIRUPDHQHUJLDTXtPLFDHPHQHUJLDHOpWULFDVHPFDXVDUGDQRVDRPHLRDPELHQWHSRUTXHRSULQFLSDOVXESURGXWRIRUPDGRpDiJXDFRQYHUWH D HQHUJLD TXtPLFD FRQWLGD QDVPROpFXODVdos componentes em energia trmica, sem que RFRUUD D SURGXomR GH JDVHV SROXHQWHV QRFLYRV DRPHLRDPELHQWHWUDQVIRUPD HQHUJLD TXtPLFD HP HQHUJLD HOpWULFDSRUpPHPLWHJDVHVSROXHQWHVGDPHVPDIRUPDTXHDSURGXomRGHHQHUJLDDSDUWLUGRVFRPEXVWtYHLVIyVVHLVFRQYHUWH HQHUJLD HOpWULFD SURYHQLHQWH GRVFRPEXVWtYHLVIyVVHLVHPHQHUJLDTXtPLFDUHWHQGRRVJDVHVSROXHQWHVSURGX]LGRVQRSURFHVVRVHPDOWHUDUDTXDOLGDGHGRPHLRDPELHQWHFRQYHUWH D HQHUJLD SRWHQFLDO DFXPXODGD QDVPROpFXODVGHiJXDFRQWLGDVQRVLVWHPDHPHQHUJLDTXtPLFD VHP TXH RFRUUD D SURGXomR GH JDVHVSROXHQWHVQRFLYRVDRPHLRDPELHQWH

    Questo 66

    3DUD H[SOLFar a DEVRUomR GH QXWULHQWHV EHP FRPR DIXQomRGDVPLFURYLORVLGDGHVGDVPHPEUDQDVGDVFpOXODVTXHUHYHVWHPDVSDUHGHVLQWHUQDVGRLQWHVWLQRGHOJDGRXPHVWXGDQWHUHDOL]RXRVHJXLQWHH[SHULPHQWR&RORFRXPGHiJXDHPGRLVUHFLSLHQWHV1RSULPHLURUHFLSLHQWH PHUJXOKRX SRU VHJXQGRV XP SHGDoR GHSDSHOOLVRFRPRQD),*85$QRVHJXQGRUHFLSLHQWHIH]RPHVPRFRPXPSHGDoRGHSDSHOFRPGREUDVVLPXODQGRDVPLFURYLORVLGDGHVFRQIRUPH),*85$2VGDGRVREWLGRVIRUDPDTXDQWLGDGHGHiJXDDEVRUYLGDSHORSDSHOOLVRIRLGHPHQTXDQWRSHORSDSHOGREUDGRIRLGHP

    ),*85$),*85$

    &RP EDVH QRV GDGRV REWLGRV LQIHUHVH TXH D IXQomRGDVPLFURYLORVLGDGHVLQWHVWLQDLVFRPUHODomRjDEVRUomRGH QXWULHQWHV SHODV FpOXODV GDV SDUHGHV LQWHUQDV GRintestino a de

    PDQWHURYROXPHGHDEVRUomRDXPHQWDUDVXSHUItFLHGHDEVRUomRGLPLQXLUDYHORFLGDGHGHDEVRUomRDXPHQWDURWHPSRGHDEVRUomRPDQWHUDVHOHWLYLGDGHQDDEVRUomR

    Questo 67

    O abastecimento de nossas necessidades energticas IXWXUDV GHSHQGHUi FHUWDPHQWH GR GHVHQYROYLPHQWRGH WHFQRORJLDV SDUD DSURYHLWDU D HQHUJLD VRODU FRPPDLRU HFLrQFLD $ HQHUJLD VRODU p D PDLRU IRQWH GHHQHUJLD PXQGLDO 1XP GLD HQVRODUDGR SRU H[HPSORDSUR[LPDGDPHQWH N- GH HQHUJLD VRODU DWLQJH FDGDPHWURTXDGUDGRGDVXSHUItFLHWHUUHVWUHSRUVHJXQGR1RHQWDQWRRDSURYHLWDPHQWRGHVVDHQHUJLDpGLItFLOSRUTXHHODpGLOXtGDGLVWULEXtGDSRUXPDiUHDPXLWRH[WHQVDHRVFLOD FRPRKRUiULRHDVFRQGLo}HVFOLPiWLFDV2XVRHIHWLYRGDHQHUJLDVRODUGHSHQGHGHIRUPDVGHHVWRFDUDHQHUJLDFROHWDGDSDUDXVRSRVWHULRU

    %52:17Qumica a Cincia Central6mR3DXOR3HDUVRQ3UHQWLFH+DOO

    $WXDOPHQWHXPDGDVIRUPDVGHVHXWLOL]DUDHQHUJLDVRODUWHPVLGRDUPD]HQiODSRUPHLRGHSURFHVVRVTXtPLFRVendotrmicos que mais tarde podem ser revertidos para OLEHUDU FDORU &RQVLGHUDQGR D UHDomR &+J + HOY + FDORUU COJ + 3 HJHDQDOLVDQGRDFRPRSRWHQFLDOmecanismo para o aproveitamento posterior da energia VRODUFRQFOXLVHTXHVHWUata de uma estratgia

    inVDWLVIDWyULD SRLV D UHDomR DSUHVHQWDGD QmRSHUPLWH TXH D HQHUJLD SUHVHQWH QR PHLR H[WHUQRVHMD DEVRUYLGD SHOR VLVWHPD SDUD VHU XWLOL]DGDSRVWHULRUPHQWH

    LQVDWLVIDWyULD XPD YH] TXH Ki IRUPDomR GH JDVHVSROXHQWHV H FRP SRWHQFLDO SRGHU H[SORVLYRWRUQDQGRDXPDUHDomRSHULJRVDHGHGLItFLOFRQWUROH

    LQVDWLVIDWyULDXPDYH]TXHKiIRUPDomRGHJiV&2TXHQmRSRVVXLFRQWH~GRHQHUJpWLFRSDVVtYHOGHVHUaproveitado posteriormente e considerado um gs SROXHQWH

    VDWLVIDWyULD XPD YH] TXH D UHDomR GLUHWD RFRUUHFRP DEVRUomR GH FDORU H SURPRYH D IRUPDomRGDV VXEVWkQFLDV FRPEXVWtYHLV TXH SRGHUmR VHUXWLOL]DGDVSRVWHULRUPHQWHSDUDREWHQomRGHHQHUJLDHUHDOL]DomRGHWUDEDOKR~WLO

    VDWLVIDWyULD XPD YH] TXH D UHDomR GLUHWD RFRUUHFRP OLEHUDomR GH FDORU KDYHQGR DLQGD D IRUPDomRGDV VXEVWkQFLDV FRPEXVWtYHLV TXH SRGHUmR VHUXWLOL]DGDVSRVWHULRUPHQWHSDUDREWHQomRGHHQHUJLDHUHDOL]DomRGHWUDEDOKR~WLO

  • 2010

    CN - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 19

    Questo 68

    Todos os organismos necessitam de gua e grande SDUWHGHOHVYLYHHPULRVODJRVHRFHDQRV2VSURFHVVRVELROyJLFRV FRPR UHVSLUDomR H IRWRVVtQWHVH H[HUFHPSURIXQGD LQXrQFLDQDTXtPLFDGDViJXDVQDWXUDLVHPWRGRRSODQHWD2R[LJrQLRpDWRUGRPLQDQWHQDTXtPLFDH QD ELRTXtPLFD GD KLGURVIHUD 'HYLGR D VXD EDL[DVROXELOLGDGHHPiJXDPJD&DGLVSRQLELOLGDGHGH R[LJrQLR QRV HFRVVLVWHPDV DTXiWLFRV HVWDEHOHFHR OLPLWH HQWUH D YLGD DHUyELFD H DQDHUyELFD 1HVVHFRQWH[WRXPSDUkPHWURFKDPDGR'HPDQGD%LRTXtPLFDGH2[LJrQLR'%2IRLGHQLGRSDUDPHGLUDTXDQWLGDGHGH PDWpULD RUJkQLFD SUHVHQWH HP XP VLVWHPD KtGULFR$ '%2 FRUUHVSRQGH j PDVVD GH 2 HP PLOLJUDPDVQHFHVViULD SDUD UHDOL]DU D R[LGDomR WRWDO GR FDUERQRRUJkQLFRHPXPOLWURGHiJXD

    %$,5'&Quimica Ambiental(G%RRNPDPDGDSWDGR

    'DGRV0DVVDVPRODUHVHPJPRO& + 2 6XSRQKDTXHPJGHDo~FDU IyUPXODPtQLPD&+OHPDVVDPRODULJXDODJPROVmRGLVVROYLGRVHPXPOLWURGHiJXDHPTXDQWRD'%2VHUiDXPHQWDGD"

    0,4 mg de OOLWUR PJGH2OLWUR PJGH2OLWUR PJGH2OLWUR PJGH2OLWUR

    Rascunho

    Questo 69

    2 XVR SURORQJDGR GH OHQWHV GH FRQWDWR VREUHWXGRGXUDQWHDQRLWHDOLDGRDFRQGLo}HVSUHFiULDVGHKLJLHQHUHSUHVHQWDP IDWRUHV GH ULVFR SDUD R DSDUHFLPHQWRGH XPD LQIHFomR GHQRPLQDGD FHUDWLWH PLFURELDQDTXH FDXVD XOFHUDomR LQDPDWyULD GD FyUQHD 3DUDLQWHUURPSHU R SURFHVVR GD GRHQoD p QHFHVViULRWUDWDPHQWR DQWLELyWLFR 'H PRGR JHUDO RV IDWRUHV GHULVFR SURYRFDP D GLPLQXLomR GD R[LJHQDomR FRUQHDQDH GHWHUPLQDP PXGDQoDV QR VHX PHWDEROLVPR GH XPHVWDGR DHUyELFR SDUD DQDHUyELFR &RPR GHFRUUrQFLDREVHUYDVHDGLPLQXLomRQRQ~PHURHQDYHORFLGDGHGHPLWRVHVGRHSLWpOLRRTXHSUHGLVS}HDRDSDUHFLPHQWRGHGHIHLWRVHSLWHOLDLVHjLQYDVmREDFWHULDQD

    &5(67$)/HQWHGHFRQWDWRHLQIHFomRRFXODU Revista Sinopse de Oftalmologia.6mR3DXOR0RUHLUD-UYQDGDSWDGR

    $ LQVWDODomR GDV EDFWpULDV H R DYDQoR GR SURFHVVRLQIHFFLRVR QD FyUQHD HVWmR UHODFLRQDGRV D DOJXPDVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVJHUDLVGHVVHVPLFURUJDQLVPRVWDLVFRPR

    $ JUDQGH FDSDFLGDGH GH DGDSWDomR FRQVLGHUDQGRDV FRQVWDQWHV PXGDQoDV QR DPELHQWH HP TXH VHUHSURGX]HPHRSURFHVVRDHUyELFRFRPRDPHOKRURSomRGHVVHVPLFURUJDQLVPRVSDUDD REWHQomRGHHQHUJLD

    $JUDQGHFDSDFLGDGHGHVRIUHUPXWDo}HVDXPHQWDQGRDSUREDELOLGDGHGRDSDUHFLPHQWRGHIRUPDVUHVLVWHQWHVHRSURFHVVRDQDHUyELFRGDIHUPHQWDomRFRPRDSULQFLSDOYLDGHREWHQomRGHHQHUJLD

    $ GLYHUVLGDGH PRUIROyJLFD HQWUH DV EDFWpULDVaumentando a variedade de tipos de agentes LQIHFFLRVRV H D QXWULomR KHWHURWUyFD FRPR IRUPDde esses microrganismos obterem matria-prima e HQHUJLD

    2DOWRSRGHUGHUHSURGXomRDXPHQWDQGRDYDULDELOLGDGHJHQpWLFD GRV PLOKDUHV GH LQGLYtGXRV H D QXWULomRKHWHURWUyFDFRPR~QLFDIRUPDGHREWHQomRGHPDWpULDSULPDHHQHUJLDGHVVHVPLFURUJDQLVPRV

    2DOWRSRGHUGHUHSURGXomRRULJLQDQGRPLOKDUHVGHdescendentes geneticamente idnticos entre si e a GLYHUVLGDGH PHWDEyOLFD FRQVLGHUDQGR SURFHVVRVDHUyELFRVHDQDHUyELFRVSDUDDREWHQomRGHHQHUJLD

    Rascunho

  • 2010

    CN - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 20

    Questo 70

    2EVHUYH D WDEHOD VHJXLQWH (OD WUD] HVSHFLFDo}HVWpFQLFDVFRQVWDQWHVQRPDQXDOGH LQVWUXo}HVIRUQHFLGRSHORIDEULFDQWHGHXPDWRUQHLUDHOpWULFD

    'LVSRQtYHOHPKWWSZZZFDUGDOFRPEUPDQXDOSURG0DQXDLV7RUQHLUD6XSUHPD0DQXDOB7RUQHLUDB6XSUHPDBURRSGI

    &RQVLGHUDQGR TXH R PRGHOR GH PDLRU SRWrQFLD GDYHUVmR9GDWRUQHLUDVXSUHPDIRLLQDGYHUWLGDPHQWHFRQHFWDGDDXPDUHGHFRPWHQVmRQRPLQDOGH9HTXHRDSDUHOKRHVWiFRQJXUDGRSDUDWUDEDOKDUHPVXDPi[LPDSRWrQFLD4XDORYDORUDSUR[LPDGRGDSRWrQFLDDROLJDUDWRUQHLUD"

    : : : : :

    Rascunho

    Questo 71

    1RTXHWDQJHjWHFQRORJLDGHFRPEXVWtYHLVDOWHUQDWLYRVPXLWRV HVSHFLDOLVWDV HP HQHUJLD DFUHGLWDP TXH RVDOFRyLV YmR FUHVFHU HP LPSRUWkQFLD HP XP IXWXURSUy[LPR5HDOPHQWHDOFRyLVFRPRPHWDQROHHWDQROWrPHQFRQWUDGR DOJXQV QLFKRV SDUD XVR GRPpVWLFR FRPRFRPEXVWtYHLVKiPXLWDVGpFDGDVHUHFHQWHPHQWHYrPREWHQGRXPDDFHLWDomRFDGDYH]PDLRUFRPRDGLWLYRVRXPHVPRFRPRVXEVWLWXWRVSDUDJDVROLQDHPYHtFXORV$OJXPDVGDVSURSULHGDGHVItVLFDVGHVVHVFRPEXVWtYHLVVmRPRVWUDGDVQRTXDGURVHJXLQWH

    lcoolDensidade

    a 25 C(g/mL)

    Calor de Combusto

    (kJ/mol)0HWDQRO&+32+

    (WDQRO&+3CH2+

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  • 2010

    CN - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 21

    Questo 72

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    Questo 74

    $HOHWUyOLVHpPXLWRHPSUHJDGDQDLQG~VWULDFRPRREMHWLYRGHUHDSURYHLWDUSDUWHGRVPHWDLVVXFDWHDGRV2FREUHSRU H[HPSOR p XP GRVPHWDLV FRPPDLRU UHQGLPHQWRQR SURFHVVR GH HOHWUyOLVH FRP XPD UHFXSHUDomR GHDSUR[LPDGDPHQWH3RUVHUXPPHWDOGHDOWRYDORUFRPHUFLDO H GH P~OWLSODV DSOLFDo}HV VXD UHFXSHUDomRWRUQDVHYLiYHOHFRQRPLFDPHQWH

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  • 2010

    CN - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 22

    Questo 75

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    Questo 76

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    Questo 77

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  • 2010

    CN - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 23

    Questo 78

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  • 2010

    CN - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 24

    Questo 80

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    Questo 81

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  • 2010

    CN - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 25

    Questo 82

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    Questo 83

    'XUDQWH XPD REUD HP XP FOXEH XP JUXSR GHWUDEDOKDGRUHV WHYH GH UHPRYHU XPDHVFXOWXUD GH IHUURPDFLoRFRORFDGDQRIXQGRGHXPDSLVFLQDYD]LD&LQFRWUDEDOKDGRUHVDPDUUDUDPFRUGDVjHVFXOWXUDHWHQWDUDPSX[iODSDUDFLPDVHPVXFHVVR

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  • 2010

    CN - 1 dia | Caderno 2 - AMARELO - Pgina 26

    Questo 84

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    Questo 85

    'HFLVmR GH DVIDOWDPHQWR GD URGRYLD 0*DFRPSDQKDGDGD LQWURGXomRGHHVSpFLHVH[yWLFDVHDSUiWLFDGHLQFrQGLRVFULPLQRVRVDPHDoDPRVRVWLFDGRecossistema do campo rupestre da reserva da Serra do (VSL