Historical Cities - Unit 2

Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais Curso de Graduação em Letras- Inglês Este material foi preparado pelos alunos do oitavo período do Curso de Letras-Inglês da PUC Minas sob orientação da Professora Rosana Silva do Espírito Santo


Historical Cities - Unit 2

Transcript of Historical Cities - Unit 2

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Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais Curso de Graduação em Letras- Inglês

∞ Este material foi preparado pelos alunos do oitavo período do Curso de Letras-Inglês da PUC Minas

sob orientação da Professora Rosana Silva do Espírito Santo

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Autores ........................................................................................ 3

Organização e supervisão ............................................................. 3

Unit 1.................................................................................. 4

Teacher‟s guide -Unit 1………………………….... 25

Test- Unit 1……………………………………….. 31

Answers…………………………………………… 35

Unit 2……………………………………………………. 37

Teacher‟s guide- Unit 2…………………………... 65

Test -Unit 2……………………………………….. 73

Answers…………………………………………… 79

Unit 3……………………………………………………. 80

Teacher‟s guide -Unit 3…………………………... 97

Test -Unit 3………………………………………. . 103

Answers…………………………………………… 110

Unit 4…………………………………………………… . 113

Teacher‟s guide -Unit 4………………………….. . 132

Test -Unit 4……………………………………… . 136

Contato .............................................................................. 140

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Autores: (Em ordem alfabética)

o Aracelle Caroline Fonseca Santos

o Bárbara Luiza de Souza Fernandes

o Cristiano Martins Cardoso Almeida

o Danielle Renata de Almeida

o Francielle Nogueira Fernandes Teodoro

o Joyce Cristina Alves Diniz

o Leandro Sacramento Medeiros

o Nathalia Cristine Santos Silva

o Sebastiao Tiago de Oliveira

o Ualisson Lemes da Costa

Orientação :

o Professora: Rosana Silva do Espírito Santo

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What are GREETINGS for you?

Do you know anything about it?

Write what you think they are and then discuss with your classmates. After the

discussion, listen to the link and check if you were right or wrong:


Meeting the Historical cities

Warm up:

Minas Gerais is the state which has the biggest number of historical cities in Brazil.

Do you know what a historical city is? Explain

Do you know any historical cities? Which?

Which ones would you like to know?

If you don‟t know any, we will introduce you two:


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Sabara is a historical city 25 km away from Belo Horizonte, the state Capital. It is an

old city and has lots of churches and museums from the „Golden Age‟ (time when

Portugal explored gold and diamond from cities all over the state).Today Sabará has an

important place in the “Estrada Real” project (reconstitution of the way people used to

come from Rio de Janeiro to the cities in Minas to get gold and bring them food and

other things).

Curiosity: The entire name of the city is Sabarabuçu, word from tupi- guarani, an

Indian language and it means big bright mountain.


Follow up:

Put true or false to the following sentences about the text:

_____ Sabará is far from Belo Horizonte.

_____ The city has lots of churches and museums.

_____Sabará is a new city

_____Sabará doesn‟t belong to Estrada Real

_____The city name comes from an Indian language.


Simple present:

The Simple Present is frequently used in English. It is also called Present Simple. Have

a look at the following examples:

1) Repeated actions (every day, always, often, sometimes or never)

My friend often travels to Sabará

I never go there on week days.

2) Things in general

The sun rises in the East.

3) Fixed arrangements, scheduled events (e.g. timetable)

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My uncle goes from Sabará to Belo Horizonte every day.

4) Actions in the present - one follows after the other (first - then, after that)

First I get up, then I have breakfast.

5) Instructions

Go to the old church and met me there.

6) After special verbs, which are normally not used with the Present Progressive

(These verbs express states, possessions, feelings etc.)

be, believe, belong, hate, hear, like, love, mean, prefer, remain, realize, see, seem, smell,

think, understand, want, wish

I understand Portuguese.

He doesn't like beans.


Watch out!!!


1) Fill in the verbs in brackets into the gaps.

Example: He never writes a letter.

In the affirmative, when the subjects are : he, she or it, we

put „s‟ after the verb.

Ex.: it means big bright mountain.

In the negative and interrogative we use auxiliaries to help

us. They are do and does. We use does for he, she and it

and do for I , we you and they.

Ex.: Do you know Sabará?

She doesn’t know any historical cities.

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She ___________________ to lose weight. (to try)

My aunt often _____________________on the streets. (to jump)

2) Ask for the underlined part.

Example: Lydia lives in Bulgaria. - Where does Lydia live?

Pamela does not like soccer.________________________________________________

He works 60 hours a week.________________________________________________

3) Rewrite the sentences and use short forms or long forms.

Example: He doesn't work in the garden. - He does not work in the garden.

They are in the museum. _________________________________________

He isn't from Minas Gerais._________________________________________

4) Which answers are correct?

a) Which actions are typical for the Simple Present?

_____action started in the past and continues up to the present

_____action took place in the past

_____future meaning: timetables, programmes

_____one action follows another

_____something happens repeatedly

_____something is happening at the same time of speaking

_____things in general

b) Which verb forms are correct?

_______she agrees

_______she annoys

_______she cries

_______she hurrys

_______she kissis

_______she rushes

_______she teachs

_______she worrys

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5) Negate the sentences.

Example: He works on the computer. - He does not work on the computer.

The banks close at 2 o'clock.___________________________________________

Jane and Sue teach Spanish.___________________________________________

Are you curious? More information:

Jaboticaba is a Brazilian typical fruit. There are lots of Jaboticaba trees in Sabará. That‟s why

they have The Jaboticaba Festival: a festival in which people can meet and buy Jaboticaba and

many other things made with it, such as liquors ,ice cream, jam and others. The Festival takes

place in the city Sports Center in two days. This year it happens in November 15th and 16th

from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.

adapted from http://www.overmundo.com.br/agenda/xxii-festival-da-jabuticaba-de-sabaramg

Role play

* Read the dialog below in pairs. You can change the characters‟ names if you want.


Michelle:Who is this?

Roberta:This is Roberta, can I speak to Michelle please?

Michelle:Hey Beta! it‟s me!

Roberta:Hey Mih, How are you?

Michelle: Fine thanks and you?

Roberta: Fine too..what are you doing on Saturday?


Roberta:Because I want to go to Jaboticabas Festival.Do you want to go with


Michelle:Well, I don‟t know..Where is it?

Roberta: It‟s in Sabará. My dad can pick you up.

Michelle:When is it again? On Saturday right?

Roberta:Right! Let‟s go?

Michelle: Sure!

Roberta:Ok,I‟ll pick you up at 1 p.m. at your house

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Michelle:All right! See you then..


Michelle: Bye!

It’s time to think!!!

The words in red have something in common. Can you say what is it?

They are called WH questions. They are special words used to make questions about

everything .Each one has a function:



Function Example

what asking for information about


What is your name?

asking for repetition or confirmation What? I can't hear you.

You did what?

when asking about time When did he leave?

where asking in or at what place or position Where do they live?

which asking about choice Which colour do you want?

who asking what or which person or people


Who opened the door?

why asking for reason, asking what...for Why do you say that?

how asking about manner How does this work?

asking about condition or quality How was your exam?

how far distance How far is Pattaya from


how long length (time or space) How long will it take?

how old age How old are you?


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Time for practice:

* Make up questions using the sentence given + the WH question:

1. The Festival is happening tomorrow.

(when) _________________________________________

2. Mr. Robertson came to Sabará alone.

(who) __________________________________________

3. Roberta‟s father parked in the right side of the river.

(where) ________________________________________

4. That is a Jaboticaba.

(what) __________________________________________

5. Roberta called Michelle yesterday

(when) __________________________________________

6. They talked to each other for an hour.

7. (how long) ____________________________________________

8. They play volleyball together.

(what) ___________________________________________

9. The festival lasted all day. (how

long) ____________________________________________

Family Members


Pré- reading:

Discuss about your family:

How many people are there in your house?

Do you like your family?

Is it similar or different from your friend‟s families?

Which TV show family do you like the most?

Now, let‟s learn about them!

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Father (dad or daddy):man parent

Husband: a man to whom a woman is


Son: the male child

Brother (bro): a male with the same parents as someone else

Grandfather(grandpa). : the father of one of my parents (grandpa).

Uncle: my parents brother

Grandson: your son or daughter‟s son

Nephew: your sisters or brother‟s son


Mother (mom, mommy) : woman parent

Wife: a woman to whom a man is


Daughter: the female child

Sister (sis): a female with the same

parents as someone else

Grandmother(grandma): the mother of one of my parents

Aunt: my parents sister

Granddaughter: your daughter or son‟s daughter

Niece: your brother or sister‟s daughter

Cousin: your uncle or aunt‟s son/daughter

Read the text below carefully. It is about Xica da Silva who is an important

person and lived in another historical city in Minas Gerais.

Challenge: What‟s the name of the city where she lived?


Francisca da Silva de Oliveira was born in Serro, in the

center of nowadays Brazilian state Minas Gerais, and

lived mainly in Diamantina. She was the daughter of a

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Portuguese man, Antônio Caetano de Sá, with his black slave, Maria da Costa, probably

from the Gulf of Guinea or Bahia. Her first master was the Sergeant Manuel Pires

Sardinha, with whom she had two sons: Plácido Pires Sardinha and Simão Pires

Sardinha, both studied at the University of Coimbra, in Portugal. Her second master was

Priest Rolim (José da Silva Oliveira), who was forced to sell Chica to João Fernandes

de Oliveira, a diamond mine owner and mining Governor of Arraial to Tijuco, one of

the richest persons of Colonial Brazil.

Francisca and João soon started a romance and she was freed by him. Even though they

were not officially married, the couple lived together for several years and had 13

children: Francisca de Paula (1755); João Fernandes (1756); Rita (1757); Joaquim

(1759); Antonio Caetano (1761); Ana (1762); Helena (1763); Luiza (1764); Antônia

(1765); Maria (1766); Quitéria Rita (1767); Mariana (1769); José Agostinho Fernandes


In 1770, João Fernandes had to return to Portugal and took along with him the 4 sons he

had with Chica, who received noble titles of the Portuguese Court. Their daughters

remained with Chica in Brazil and were sent to the Convent of Macaúbas, one of the

best ones at that time. Even after the departure of João, Chica remained with her

prestige. She was a member of the São Francisco do Carmo Brotherhood (exclusive to

white people), Mercês Brotherhood (exclusive to mulattoes) and of Rosário

Brotherhood (exclusive to Africans).

Chica da Silva died in 1796. She was buried at the Church of São Francisco de Assis, a

privilege reserved only for white rich people.

Post Reading activity:

Identify the relatives of Xica da Silva on the text below.

Who is her mother? ____________________________________________

Who is her father?______________________________________________

Has she brothers or sisters?________________________________________

Whose daughter was she?_________________________________________

Who was her husband?___________________________________________

Did she have children?___________________________________________

Game: Famous families (See the teacher‟s guide, for instructions)

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Diamatina is a very interesting city in Minas Gerais. There are lots of things to do

during the whole year. Check what happens there?

February: Carnival (mobile date)–One of the best celebrations in the State

March: 06 – city anniversary

April: mobile date – holy week


Divine‟s festival – Corpus Christ

July: UFMG winter Festival

August: Bom Jesus‟ Festival

N.Sra. das Mercês‟ Festival

September: 12 – Seresta‟s day (JK birthday)

October: 12 – N.Sra. do Rosário‟ s festival.

Adapted from:http://www.idasbrasil.com.br/idasbrasil/cidades/Diamantina/port/eventos.asp


1- The Calendar of Diamantina presents eight months in the year. Can you complete the

ones that are missing?




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2-Which is the first month? Which is the second…? Make a list of all the months:

a) January is the first month.

b) February

c) M________________

d) A________________

e) M________________

f) J_________________

g) J_________________

h) A_________________

i) S_________________

j) O_________________

k) N_________________

l) D_________________

3- Number in order of preference.Which events in Diamantina would you like to

participate in?

( ) Seresta‟s Day

( ) UFMG Winter Festival

( ) Carnival

( ) City anniversary


Look at this general information about Diamatina:

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Foundation year: 1831

Inhabitants: 44.259

Distance from BH: 178 km


Meet the numbers:

1 one 12 twelve 31 thirty one

2 two 13 thirteen 40 forty

3 three 14 fourteen 50 fifty

4 four 15 fifteen 60 sixty

5 five 16 sixteen 70 seventy

6 six 17 seventeen 80 eighty

7 seven 18 eighteen 90 ninety

8 eight 19 nineteen 100 one hundred

9 nine 20 twenty 120 one hundred twenty

10 ten 21 twenty one 1.000 one thousand

11 eleven 30 thirty 1.000.000 one million


To read year dates you have to divide it into two numbers.

Eg.: 1985 nineteen eighty-five

Exception: 2009 : two thousand nine

To read telephone numbers, you say number by number.

Eg.: 4445236 four four four five two three six

- when you have two equal numbers you can read double…

Eg.: 98526621 nine eight five two double six two one

- when you have a zero (0) you can say „oh‟instead of zero

Eg: 34650758 three four six five oh seven five eight

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1) How do you write these numbers?

a) 420 _____________________________________

b) 110 _____________________________________

c) 904 _____________________________________

d) 728 ______________________________________

e) 892 ______________________________________

f) 1.201 ______________________________________

2) How do you write these telephone numbers?

a) 26990253__________________________

b) 42809531__________________________

c) 73769328___________________________

d) 51148137___________________________

e) 0263474___________________________

5) How do you write these years?

a) 1789 _______________________________

b) 1831________________________________

c) 1963_________________________________

d) 2002_________________________________

e) 1352_________________________________

f) 1550________________________________

Game: Bingo( For instructions, see the teacher‟s guide)

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Hillary James is a reporter who works for WBtv in Los

Angeles. She is working as a International

correspondent in the country side of Minas Gerais. At

the moment she is interviewing an English woman

about her vacation in Diamatina during Carnival.

Hillary: Good Morning!

Woman: Good Morning!

Hillary: What‟s your name please?

Woman: My name‟s Tereza Brady

Hillary: Tereza, what‟s your nationality?

Tereza: I‟m Irish from Dublin.

Hillary: How old are you?

Tereza: I‟m 23.

Hillary: Are you enjoying Carnival here in Diamantina?

Tereza: Yes, I am. It‟s really fun! We have lots of things to do and see. Lots of people

to meet. It‟s a really special celebration. I‟ll come back next year and bring more friends

with me!

Hillary: Thank you!

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After taking a look at our board of nationalities, watch

the video at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Tg7bdv9vB4 so you can recognize some that

are on the board and others that are not.

Write on the board on the “New Nationalities‟ Space the name of the nationalities which

don‟t appear on the board above and on the “Known Nationalities”, write the names

which appear on the board. If you need, watch the video more than once.





















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When you want to know a person‟s nationality what question do you ask?


Then answer the question about you:


Say to which nationality each flag belongs to:

_____________ ________________

_______________ ___________________

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Hillary James continues her

adventure through Diamantina. This time she wants to know about people‟s habits in

historical cities.

Hillary: Good Afternoon

Man: Good Afternoon

Hillary: What‟s your name please?

Man: My name is Pedro Rocha

Hillary: Do you live here in Diamantina Pedro?

Pedro: Yes, I do. I was born here.

Hillary: Excellent! Can you tell us about the routine around here?

Pedro: Yes, of course. Life her is just like other countryside cities .It‟s really peaceful,

people know each other‟s family, we often sit to talk and to have lunch at friend‟s

houses.We always respect the older people‟s opinion and go to the church every

Sunday morning. Diamantina is usually a calm city,except when we have parties

here,especially Carnival.The city gets crowded and we get afraid of something

dangerous happen. But rarely something happens..

Hillary: Thank you Pedro!

Pedro: You „re welcome!

When we want to say how often something happens, it is common to use frequency

adverbs. The following list shows the most common adverbs of frequency, with the

one that refers to things that happen most often at the top, and least often at the bottom:






Hardly ever


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Now, to check if you have learned, lets play a game! Click on the link below!


Write a small paragraph telling us about your routine. Don‟t forget to

use the frequency adverbs!







Pre-listening activity:

Discuss with your classmates the following questions:

What do you think about love songs?

Do you like them? why/why not?

Can you name an old love song and a new one?

Do you know the song called “my love”?


“My love” by Justin Timberlake


1- Listen to the song without following the lyrics and prepare to say what it is


It is about______________________________________________.

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Ain't another woman that can take your spot my

If I wrote you a symphony,

Just to say how much you mean to me (what would you do?)

If I told you you were beautiful

Would you date me on the regular (tell me, would you?)

Well, baby I've been around the world

But I ain't seen myself another girl (like you)

This ring here represents my heart

But there's just one thing I need from you (say "I do")


Yeah, because

I can see us holding hands

Walking on the beach, our toes in the sand

I can see us on the countryside

Sitting on the grass, laying side by side

You could be my baby, let me make you my lady

Girl, you amaze me

Ain't gotta do nothing crazy

See, all I want you to do is be my love

(So don't give away) My love

(So don't give away) My love

(So don't give away) Ain't another woman that can take your spot, my love

(So don't give away) My love

(So don't give away) My love

(So don't give away) Ain't another woman that can take your spot, my love

Ooooh, girl

My love

My love

Now, if I wrote you a love note

And made you smile with every word I wrote (what would you do?)

Would that make you want to change your scene

And wanna be the one on my team (tell me, would you?)

See, what's the point of waiting anymore?

Cause girl I've never been more sure (that baby, it's you)

This ring here represents my heart

And everything that you've been waiting for (just say "I do")


[T.I.'s rap]

Shorty, cool as a fan

On the new once again

Still has fan from Peru to Japan

Listen baby, I don't wanna ruin your plan

If you got a man, try to lose him if you can

Cause your girls real wild through your hands up high

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Wanna come kick it with a stand up guy

You don't really wanna let the chance go by

Because you ain't been seen wit a man so fly

Friend so fly i can go fly

Private, cause I handle mine

Call me candle guy, simply because I am on fire

I hate to have to cancel my vacation so you can't deny

I'm patient, but I ain't gonna try

You don't come, I ain't gonna die

Hold up, what you mean, you can't go why?

Me and you boyfriend we ain't no tie

You say you wanna kick it with an ace so high

Baby, you decide that I ain't your guy

Ain't gon lie, Me in your space

But forget your face, I swear I will

Same mark, same bullet anywhere I chill

Just bring wit me a pair, I will

2- Did you notice the underline words? Do you know any of them?

They are called Possessive Adjectives. They are used with nouns to show

possession or ownership.

I my

You Your

He His

She Her

It Its

We Our

You Your

they Their

Fill in the blanks with the correct possessive adjective:

1-I have two sons.______ages are 18 and 19.

2. That woman is looking for______husband.______name is Tom.

3. He knows________lesson well.

4. I love_______country and Alice loves_______country.

5. _____mother is fixing_____sandwiches.

6. Jack and I met_________friends yesterday.

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7. The parrot ate all _________ seeds.