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IUT240 FI-CA SAP for Industries - SAP for Util itie s Date Trainin g Center Instructors Education Website Instruct or Handbook Course V ersion: 2006/Q2 Cour se Duratio n: 5 Days Material Number: 50080588 Owner: Susanne Kruse (D031858)  An SAP Compass course - use it to learn, reference it for work 

Transcript of Curso Sap Ccs Fica Paulo

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IUT240FI-CA

SAP for Industries - SAP for Utilities

Date

Training Center 

Instructors

Education Website

Instructor HandbookCourse Version: 2006/Q2

Course Duration: 5 Days

Material Number: 50080588

Owner: Susanne Kruse (D031858)

 An SAP Compass course - use it to learn, reference it for work 

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Copyright

Copyright © 2006 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

 No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or for any purpose

without the express permission of SAP AG. The information contained herein may be changed

without prior notice.

Some software products marketed by SAP AG and its distributors contain proprietary software

components of other software vendors.

Trademarks

• Microsoft®, WINDOWS®, NT®, EXCEL®, Word®, PowerPoint® and SQL Server® are

registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.

• IBM®, DB2®, OS/2®, DB2/6000®, Parallel Sysplex®, MVS/ESA®, RS/6000®, AIX®,

S/390®, AS/400®, OS/390®, and OS/400® are registered trademarks of IBM Corporation.

• ORACLE® is a registered trademark of ORACLE Corporation.

• INFORMIX®-OnLine for SAP and INFORMIX® Dynamic ServerTM are registered

trademarks of Informix Software Incorporated.

• UNIX®, X/Open®, OSF/1®, and Motif® are registered trademarks of the Open Group.

• Citrix®, the Citrix logo, ICA®, Program Neighborhood®, MetaFrame®, WinFrame®,

VideoFrame®, MultiWin® and other Citrix product names referenced herein are trademarks

of Citrix Systems, Inc.

• HTML, DHTML, XML, XHTML are trademarks or registered trademarks of W3C®, World

Wide Web Consortium, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

• JAVA® is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc.

• JAVASCRIPT® is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc., used under license for 

technology invented and implemented by Netscape.

• SAP, SAP Logo, R/2, RIVA, R/3, SAP ArchiveLink, SAP Business Workflow, WebFlow, SAP

EarlyWatch, BAPI, SAPPHIRE, Management Cockpit, mySAP.com Logo and mySAP.com

are trademarks or registered trademarks of SAP AG in Germany and in several other countries

all over the world. All other products mentioned are trademarks or registered trademarks of 

their respective companies.

Disclaimer 

THESE MATERIALS ARE PROVIDED BY SAP ON AN "AS IS" BASIS, AND SAP EXPRESSLY

DISCLAIMS ANY AND ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR APPLIED, INCLUDING

WITHOUT LIMITATION WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A

PARTICULAR PURPOSE, WITH RESPECT TO THESE MATERIALS AND THE SERVICE,

INFORMATION, TEXT, GRAPHICS, LINKS, OR ANY OTHER MATERIALS AND PRODUCTSCONTAINED HEREIN. IN NO EVENT SHALL SAP BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT,

INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, OR PUNITIVE DAMAGES OF ANY

KIND WHATSOEVER, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION LOST REVENUES OR LOST

PROFITS, WHICH MAY RESULT FROM THE USE OF THESE MATERIALS OR INCLUDED

SOFTWARE COMPONENTS.

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 About This Handbook 

This handbook is intended to complement the instructor-led presentation of this

course, and serve as a source of reference. It is not suitable for self-study.

Typographic Conventions

American English is the standard used in this handbook. The following

typographic conventions are also used.

Type Style Description

 Example text    Words or characters that appear on the screen. Theseinclude field names, screen titles, pushbuttons as well

as menu names, paths, and options.

Also used for cross-references to other documentation

 both internal (in this documentation) and external (in

other locations, such as SAPNet).

Example text   Emphasized words or phrases in body text, titles of 

graphics, and tables

EXAMPLE TEXT Names of elements in the system. These include

report names, program names, transaction codes, tablenames, and individual key words of a programming

language, when surrounded by body text, for example

SELECT and INCLUDE.

Example text   Screen output. This includes file and directory names

and their paths, messages, names of variables and

 parameters, and passages of the source text of a

 program.

Example text   Exact user entry. These are words and characters that

you enter in the system exactly as they appear in the

documentation.

<Example text>   Variable user entry. Pointed brackets indicate that you

replace these words and characters with appropriate

entries.

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About This Handbook IUT240

Icons in Body Text

The following icons are used in this handbook.

Icon Meaning

For more information, tips, or background

 Note or further explanation of previous point

Exception or caution

Procedures

Indicates that the item is displayed in the instructor’s

 presentation.

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Contents

Course Overview ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ...... ....... ....... ... ix

Course Goals ....... ........ ........ ........ ........ ....... ........ .....  ix

Course Objectives ... .... ... .... .... .... .... .... .... ... .... ... .... .... .xii

Unit 1: Basics ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... 1

Concept and Special Functions in FI-CA .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .2

Event Technology.......................................................8

Parallel Mass Processes in FI-CA ... .. .. ... .. ... ... .. .. ... ... .. ... . 13

Master Data Objects in FI-CA....................................... 19

Unit 2: Documents.. ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....  41

Lifecycle of Documents .............................................. 43Document Structures .... .... .... .... ... .... ... .... ... .... ... .... ....  51

Posting Documents .... ... .... .... .... ... .... .... .... .... .... .... ... .. 61Integration with General Ledger Accounting .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..  80

 Account Balance Display . . .. .. . . . . .. . . . .. . .. . . . .. . . . .. . . .. . . . .. . .. . . 97

Unit 3: Transactions and Account Determination .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 109

Structure of Transactions ... ... .. ... .. ... ... .. ... .. ... .. ... .. ... ... 111

Transactions in IS-U .... ... .... .... .... .... .... .... ... .... .... .... ... 118General Ledger Account Determination ..........................122

Tax Determination....... ... .... .... .... .... .... .... ... .... .... .... ... 130Tax Determination in IS-U.. ... .. .. ... .. ... ... .. ... .. ... .. ... .. ... ... 141

USA - Tax Jurisdiction Code (Only relevant for US training) .. .146

Unit 4: Incoming Payments.. ... .... ... .... ... .... ... .... ... .... ... ... 153

Processing Incoming and Outgoing Payments. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .154

Payment Lots and Check Lots .... ... ... .. ... .. ... ... .. ... .. ... ... .158

Clarification Processing .. .. ... .. .. ... .. ... ... .. ... .. ... .. ... .. ... ... 176Cash Desk / Cash Journal .... ... .... .... .... ... .... ... .... ... .... ..193

Unit 5: Payment Run ................................................... 211

Prerequisites of the Payment Settlement.........................212Payment Program....................................................220

Payment Cards.......................................................236Check Management .... ... .... .... .... .... .... .... ... .... .... .... ... 248

FSCM Biller Direct ...... ... .... .... .... .... .... .... ... .... .... .... ... 253Revenue Distribution ................................................258

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Contents IUT240

Unit 6: Returns Processing.. ... .... ... .... ... .... ... .... ... .... ... ... 267

Configuration of Returns .. ... ... .. ... .. ... ... .. ... .. ... ... .. .. ... ... 268

Processing of Returns... .... .... .... ... .... ... .... ... .... ... .... ... .281

Unit 7: Clearing Control .... ... .... ... ... .... ... .... ... .... ... .... ... .. 295

Terminology and Definitions . ... .. ... ... .. ... .. ... ... .. ... .. ... ... .. 296

Configuration of the Clearing Strategy .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 303Special Cases: .......................................................319

Unit 8: Dunning and Collections .. .. ... .. .. ... .. .. .. ... .. .. ... .. .. .. 333

Dunning - Terminology ..............................................334Configuration and Execution of the Dunning Run ............... 339

Submission to External Collection .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .364

Unit 9: Interest Calculation ........................................... 379

Calculation of Interest on Items ... ... .. ... .. .. ... ... .. ... .. ... ... .380

Interest Keys and Calculation Rules .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 384

Processing of Interest Calculation .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .396

Unit 10: Deferral/Installment Plan. ... .. .. .. ... .. .. .. ... .. .. ... .. .. .. 413

Deferral: Definition and Processing .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .414

Installment Plan: Definition and Processing .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .420

Unit 11: Other Business Transactions ............................. 435 Account Maintenance .. . . . .. . . . . .. .. . . . . .. . . . .. . .. . . . .. . . . .. . . .. . . . .437

Reversing Documents and Resetting Clearing .................. 446Document Transfer .. .... .... ... .... ... .... .... .... ... .... .... .... ... 456

Mark as Doubtful / Individual Value Adjustment .................460Write Off.... ........ ........ ....... ........ ........ ........ ....... ..... 465

Unit 12: Security Deposits ... ... .... ... .... ... .... ... .... ... .... ... ... 475

Cash and Non-Cash Security Deposits .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .476Request, Payment and Settlement of Cash Security Deposits  481

Unit 13: Correspondence .... ... .... ... .... ... .... ... .... ... .... ... ... 499

Definition and Types. .... .... .... .... ... .... .... .... .... .... ... .... ..500Handling and Customizing..........................................508

The Print Workbench ... .... ... .... .... .... ... .... .... .... .... .... ... 518

Unit 14: Further Integration of FI-CA in SAP Modules ......... 527

Integration of Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable:

Overview ........ ........ ........ ........ ....... ........ ........ ...529Funds Management ... ... .... .... .... ... .... ... .... .... .... ... .... ..533

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IUT240 Contents

Cash Management...... .... .... .... .... .... ... .... ... .... .... .... ... 544

Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable and SD

Integration. ........ ....... ........ ........ ........ ....... ........ ..549Integration of New G/L (Segment Reporting) . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .558Credit Management..... ... .... .... .... .... .... .... ... .... .... .... ... 563

Financial Customer Care ...........................................571Business Intelligence .... ... .... ... .... .... .... .... ... .... .... .... ... 578

Outbound Interface .. ... .... .... .... .... .... ... .... ... .... .... .... ... 583

Unit 15: Appendix: Industry-Specific Functions ................ 591

 Appendix Utilities. . . .. . . . . .. . .. . . . .. . . . .. . .. . . . . .. . .. . . . .. . . . .. . .. . . . .592

 Appendix Telecommunications.. . . .. . . . .. . .. . . . .. . . . .. . . .. . . . .. . .. .612

 Appendix Media .. . . .. . . . .. . . .. . . . .. . . .. . . .. . . . . .. . .. . . . .. . . . .. . .. . . . .622

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Contents IUT240

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Course Overview 

Contents:

• Course goals

• Course Objectives

• Contents

• Course Overview Diagram

• Main Business Scenario

Target Audience

This course is intended for the following audiences:

• Project managers responsible for implementing contract accounts receivable

and payable

• The project team in charge of modeling the business processes

• Administrators responsible for optimizing processes

• Consultants preparing for implementation

Course Prerequisites

Required Knowledge• IUT210: Master Data and Basic Functions

• Basic knowledge of the Windows operating system environment

Course Duration Details

Unit 1: Basics

Concept and Special Functions in FI-CA   20 Minutes

Event Technology   15 Minutes

Parallel Mass Processes in FI-CA   20 Minutes

Master Data Objects in FI-CA   50 Minutes

Unit 2: Documents

Lifecycle of Documents   10 Minutes

Document Structures   50 Minutes

Posting Documents   40 Minutes

Exercise 1: Entering Documents in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable   20 Minutes

Integration with General Ledger Accounting   40 Minutes

Exercise 2: Transferring Summary Records toGeneral Ledger Accounting   20 Minutes

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Course Overview IUT240

 Account Balance Display   30 Minutes

Exercise 3: Analysis of Contract Accounts   20 Minutes

Unit 3: Transactions and Account Determination

Structure of Transactions   30 Minutes

Transactions in IS-U   15 Minutes

General Ledger Account Determination   20 Minutes

Tax Determination   20 Minutes

Exercise 4: Configuring Transactions   30 Minutes

Tax Determination in IS-U   10 Minutes

USA - Tax Jurisdiction Code (Only relevant for US

training)   15 Minutes

Unit 4: Incoming Payments

Processing Incoming and Outgoing Payments 10 Minutes

Payment Lots and Check Lots   45 Minutes

Exercise 5: Entering Payments in Payment Lots   20 Minutes

Clarification Processing   40 Minutes

Exercise 6: Clarification Processing   20 Minutes

Cash Desk / Cash Journal   30 Minutes

Exercise 7: Cash Desk / Cash Journal   20 Minutes

Unit 5: Payment Run

Prerequisites of the Payment Settlement   15 Minutes

Payment Program   40 Minutes

Exercise 8: Payment Run Processing   20 Minutes

Payment Cards   30 MinutesExercise 9: Payment by Credit Card   20 Minutes

Check Management   15 Minutes

FSCM Biller Direct   10 Minutes

Revenue Distribution 15 Minutes

Unit 6: Returns Processing

Configuration of Returns   45 Minutes

Processing of Returns   20 Minutes

Exercise 10: Configuration and Processing of Returns   30 Minutes

Unit 7: Clearing Control

Terminology and Definitions   15 MinutesConfiguration of the Clearing Strategy   50 Minutes

Special Cases:   30 Minutes

Exercise 11: Configuration of Clearing Variants   40 Minutes

Unit 8: Dunning and Collections

Dunning - Terminology   10 Minutes

Configuration and Execution of the Dunning Run   45 Minutes

Exercise 12: Dunning   30 Minutes

Submission to External Collection   30 Minutes

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IUT240 Course Overview

Exercise 13: Submitting Receivables to External

Collection Agencies   20 Minutes

Unit 9: Interest Calculation

Calculation of Interest on Items   15 Minutes

Interest Keys and Calculation Rules   40 Minutes

Processing of Interest Calculation 30 Minutes

Exercise 14: Calculation of Interest on Items   20 Minutes

Unit 10: Deferral/Installment Plan

Deferral: Definition and Processing   10 Minutes

Exercise 15: Manual Deferral of Open Items   10 Minutes

Installment Plan: Definition and Processing   30 Minutes

Exercise 16: Creating an Installment Plan   15 Minutes

Unit 11: Other Business Transactions Account Maintenance   15 Minutes

Exercise 17: Manual Account Maintenance   15 Minutes

Reversing Documents and Resetting Clearing   20 Minutes

Document Transfer    15 Minutes

Mark as Doubtful / Individual Value Adjustment   20 Minutes

Write Off    15 Minutes

Exercise 18: Manual Write Off 15 Minutes

Unit 12: Security Deposits

Cash and Non-Cash Security Deposits   10 Minutes

Request, Payment and Settlement of Cash Security

Deposits   40 MinutesExercise 19: Processing Cash Security Deposits   15 Minutes

Unit 13: Correspondence

Definition and Types   15 Minutes

Handling and Customizing   25 Minutes

The Print Workbench   20 Minutes

Unit 14: Further Integration of FI-CA in SAP Modules

Integration of Contract Accounts Receivable andPayable: Overview   10 Minutes

Funds Management   10 Minutes

Cash Management   10 MinutesContract Accounts Receivable and Payable and SD

Integration   10 Minutes

Integration of New G/L (Segment Reporting)   10 Minutes

Credit Management   10 Minutes

Financial Customer Care   10 Minutes

Business Intelligence   10 Minutes

Outbound Interface   10 Minutes

Unit 15: Appendix: Industry-Specific Functions

 Appendix Utilities   1 Minutes

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Course Overview IUT240

 Appendix Telecommunications   1 Minutes

 Appendix Media   1 Minutes

Course Goals

This course will prepare you to:

• Get to know the conceptual characteristics of the component FI-CA Contract

Accounts Receivable

• Execute the basic business processes

• Make the necessary settings for configuring FI-CA

• Understand the integration of FI-CA with other R/3 components and

web-based SAP applications

Course Objectives

After completing this course, you will be able to:

• Modify FI-CA business processes to meet your individual needs

• Execute and check these business processes

• Describe the integration with other components and applications

SAP Software Component Information

The information in this course pertains to the following SAP Software Components

and releases:

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IUT240 Course Overview

• Hints on Preparing This Course

 – Completing Exercises

 – Checking Demo Data

• Training System

The course is held in the TNU system (Release ERP 2005). All data in

TNU is copied from a master system on a weekly basis. Before starting the

course, ensure that the responsible curriculum product consultant has used

[email protected] to allocate a training client.

• User ID and Password for Trainer 

User ID: IUT240-00

Password: init

• User ID and Password for Course Participants

User: IUT240-xx (xx = Group number)

Password: init

Course participant users are available for participants IUT240-01 to IUT240-30 in

the system. The users have general authorizations for all necessary transactions

and for the Customizing to be executed in the exercises.

ERP 2005 master data examples in TNU:

The TNU clients contain existing exercise data for both scenarios: US scenario

with tax jurisdiction code, and general scenario with single-level tax calculation:

Business

 partner/contract

account number 

Company code Currency

US scenario PI####C0## U300 / U400 USD

General scenario PICA###0## U100 / U110 EUR  

Topic Data (trainer) Data (participant)

1 Basics PI0904C030

(PICA071030)

2 Documents PI0202C030

(PICA021030)

PI0202C001 - 30

(PICA021001 - 29)

3 Transactions

and Account

Determination

PI0202C030

(PICA021030)

PI0202C001 - 30

(PICA021001 - 29)

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Course Overview IUT240

Topic Data (trainer) Data (participant)

4 Incoming Payments PI0701C030

(PICA071030)

PI0701C001 – 30

(PICA071001 - 29)

5 Payment Run PI0501C030

(PICA051030

PI0501C001 – 30

(PICA051001 - 29)

6 Returns Processing PI0501C030

(PICA051030)

PI0501C001 – 30

(PICA051001 - 29)

7 Clearing Control PI0903C030

(PICA093030)

PI0903C001 – 30

(PICA093001 - 29)

8 Dunning and

Collections

PI10901C030

(PICA101030)

PI0901C001 – 30

(PICA091001 - 29)

9 Interest Calculation PI1001C030(PICA101030)

PI1001C001 – 30(PICA101001 - 29)

10 Deferral/Installment

Plan

PI1101C030

(PICA101030)

PI1101C001 – 30

(PICA111001 - 29)

11 Other Business

Transactions

PI1201C030

(PICA120130)

PI1201C001 – 30

(PICA121001 - 29)

12 Security Deposits PI1301C030

(PICA131030)

PI1301C001 – 30

(PICA131001 - 29)

13 Correspondence

14 Further Integration

of FI-CA in SAP

Modules

Preparation in the System

Enable Customizing in clients (should be undertaken by curriculum product

consultant)

• Enter TA code SM30

• Make entry in Table/View field of T000 table, and select the Maintain

 pushbutton

• Select current training clients (such as 015 or 016) when selecting all clientsfrom system

• Activate first selection field ’Changes without automatic recording’. Make

entry in ’Changes field and transport client-dependent objects’

• Select ’Changes to Repository and cross-client Customizing allowed’ in

the ’Cross-Client Object Changes’ field, using F4 help (ignore the system

messages).

• Save the transaction

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IUT240 Course Overview

For those exercises, in which the participants must change Customizing, it must

 be possible for multiple users to access IMG tables:

• Enter the TA code SA38 in the current TNU client

• Enter   ZSENQOFF in the program field

• Execute the program and confirm the message

• Once the exercise is complete, start the ZSENQON program to block IMG

tables for multiple access.

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Course Overview IUT240

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Unit 11   Basics

Unit Overview

Unit Objectives

After completing this unit, you will be able to:

• Explain the general concept and special functions in FI-CA.• Use event management to integrate customer-specific requirements into the

SAP System without modifying SAP programs.

• Dramatically reduce the runtime for mass runs (such as payment runs or 

dunning processing) by using parallel processes.

• Explain the most important master data objects in FI-CA, and their 

controlling elements.

Unit Contents

Lesson: Concept and Special Functions in FI-CA ............................2

Lesson: Event Technology..... .... ... .... .... .... .... .... .... ... .... ... .... .... ..8Lesson: Parallel Mass Processes in FI-CA.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 13Lesson: Master Data Objects in FI-CA... .. ... ... .. ... .. ... ... .. .. ... .. ... ... . 19

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Unit 1: Basics IUT240

Lesson:

2

Concept and Special Functions in FI-CA

Lesson Duration: 20 Minutes

Lesson Overview

At the end of this lesson you will be able to explain the general concept and

special functions in FI-CA.

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Explain the general concept and special functions in FI-CA.

Business Example

Figure 1: Advantages of Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable

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IUT240 Lesson: Concept and Special Functions in FI-CA

Figure 2: Applications for Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable

Various industry sectors use FI-CA as a subledger, due to its seamless integration

in the general ledger or invoicing, as well as in Web-based self services and call

center solutions. The exchange of messages in the integration is based largely on

the XML interfaces of the SAP Netweaver Exchange infrastructure.

Figure 3: SAP ERP Central Components (ECC) mySAP ERP 2005

The majority of industry solutions within the ERP release are delivered with

mySAP ERP 2005.

• The SAP Switch Framework  is available for activating industry solutions that

are delivered as business function sets.

In addition, the industry extensions are divided into business function sets,

to which one or more business functions are allocated. You can activate

these business functions.

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Unit 1: Basics IUT240

You can only activate one business function for each instance. Within the

 business function sets you can individually activate the business functions

from the industry extension. At the start of the implementation, select the business function set that corresponds to your industry solution, or which

contains the business functions that you require, and activate this business

function set.

When you activate a business function set you install the SAP system. You

can then no longer deactivate the business function set or activate a different

 business function set.

Industry business function sets (BFS) consist of a number of functions (BF),

which can be activated separately.

 –    BFS Utilities:

BF ISU_UTIL_WASTE - Utilities, Waste, Recycling

BF ISU_FM – Utilities: Funds Management

 –    BFS Telco:

BF RM_CA – Telco: Revenue Management

BF CONVEREGENT_INVOICING – Telco: Invoicing in FI-CA

 –    BFS Media:

BF ADVERTISING MANAGEMENT - Media: Advertising

Management

BF SINGLE COPY NEWSP. & MAG (PUB) - Media: SC Newsp

& Mag (Pub)

BF SINGLE COPY NEWSP. & MAG (WHS) - Single copy Newsp.

& Mag (WHS)

BF SINGLE COPY PREMIUM CONTENT - Media: SC Premium

Content

BF SUBS LOOSE-LEAF, JOURNALS - Media: Subs Loose Leaf,

Journals

BF SUBS NEWSPAPER & MAGAZINES - Media: Subs Newspaper 

Magazines

BF TITLE LIFECYCLE MANAGEMENT - Media: Title Lifecycle

Management

• The enterprise extensions contain the generic business functions from mySAP 

 ERP . You can use the  SAP Switch Framework  to activate all enterprise

extensions. The enterprise extensions are available in addition to the industry

extensions.

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IUT240 Lesson: Concept and Special Functions in FI-CA

You can simultaneously activate more than one business function from the

enterprise extension for each instance.

Figure 4: mySAP ERP 2005: Industry enhancements are activated by the

Switch Framework

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Unit 1: Basics IUT240

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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IUT240 Lesson: Concept and Special Functions in FI-CA

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Explain the general concept and special functions in FI-CA.

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Unit 1: Basics IUT240

Lesson:

7

Event Technology

Lesson Duration: 15 Minutes

Lesson Overview

At the end of this lesson you will recognize the definition and concept of the

events in contract accounts receivable and payable, and know how you can use

installation-specific enhancements in your system.

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Use event management to integrate customer-specific requirements into the

SAP System without modifying SAP programs.

Business Example

Figure 5: Technology: Event Concept (1)

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IUT240 Lesson: Event Technology

The event concept allows you, at defined points in a program, to include specific

source text passages in the events. These passages are capsulated in function

modules, and are therefore exchangeable. You use defined interfaces to includethese source text passages in the events.

You maintain events and their function modules in the implementation guide for 

Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable, under  Program Enhancements!

 Define Customer-Specific Function Modules.

The FKK_FUNC_MODULE_DETERMINE function module runs for each event.

It determines the event modules stored for processing in Customizing from the

following tables:

• TFKFBM (sample function module from Contract Accounts Receivable

and Payable)

• TFKFBS (applications from standard function module)

• TFKFBC (installation-specific function modules)

The technical name of the function module is formed from the technical code

FKK_SAMPLE_ and the name of the event. In the case of a sample function

module defined at event 0010, the name would be FKK_SAMPLE_0010.

As well as the events that are available to all industry components, additional

industry-specific events also exist. You can recognize these from the encryption of 

the application area in the technical name.

Overview of event nomenclature

From event To event Application

0 9999 Application-independent

R0 R999 Utilities Industry

V0 V999 Insurance

T0 T999 Telecommunications

P0 P999 Public Sector  

X0 X999 Partner Developments

Z0 Z999 Customer Developments

S0 S999 SAP Contract Accounts

Receivable and Payable

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Unit 1: Basics IUT240

Figure 6: Technology: Event Concept (2)

Events can be managed using transaction FQEVENTS.

To use the event concept you must have knowledge of the program and the

data structure. If you require a different function to those intended by SAP, we

recommend you proceed as follows:

• Analyze the standard function modules from the application (TFKBS). These

function modules define the required interfaces.

• Copy the function group that groups customer-specific function modules

according to business transactions.

• Program and activate the individual enhancements/changes in the

installation-specific function module.

• Enter the installation-specific function module in the TFKFBC table

(Customizing: Program enhancements).

• Start the program that calls the enhanced event.

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IUT240 Lesson: Event Technology

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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Unit 1: Basics IUT240

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Use event management to integrate customer-specific requirements into the

SAP System without modifying SAP programs.

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IUT240 Lesson: Parallel Mass Processes in FI-CA

Lesson:

11

Parallel Mass Processes in FI-CA

Lesson Duration: 20 Minutes

Lesson Overview

At the end of this lesson you will know what options you have for optimizing

your mass processes in FI-CA.

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Dramatically reduce the runtime for mass runs (such as payment runs or 

dunning processing) by using parallel processes.

Business Example

Figure 7: Technology: Mass Processes in FI-CA

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Unit 1: Basics IUT240

Business processes such as payment or dunning runs, in which large volumes of 

data are processed, are realized in FI-CA by using mass activities. Mass activities

automatically divide the dataset, such as a quantity of business partners or contractaccounts, into multiple technical jobs, and processes these at the same time.

Figure 8: Technology: Splitting-Up Processes

You can use the FI-CA mass activities to divide data to be processed into several jobs. The system then processes these jobs parallel. For more information, see the

SAP note 607797 (Job control for mass runs: FAQ).

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IUT240 Lesson: Parallel Mass Processes in FI-CA

Figure 9: Technology: Parallel Processing - Interval Creation

When processing data, the system automatically splits the dataset to be processed

into multiple parallel jobs. The specifications for distributing the key for the

 parallel objects are saved in variants, which you must update periodically. For 

example, you can create a variant for the business partners that splits the business

 partner set to be processed into 1,000 equal intervals.

During parallel processing, the system makes sure that the processes do not block 

each other because of changing accesses to the same database resources, which

could be the case, for example, in the assignment of document numbers or the

update of transaction figures.

A payment run for all business partners starts several processes (for example, 10)

that process the intervals created automatically one after the other. When the

 processing is completed for an interval, the system processes the next free interval.

If all intervals have been processed, and therefore all technical jobs completed,

the business task also receives the status Completed .

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Unit 1: Basics IUT240

Figure 10: Technology: Parallel Processing - Portioning

Figure 11: Technology: Parallel Processing - Realization

You can find documentation on planning batch processes in FI-CA and working

with the FI-CA job container in OSS under the keyword FO-JOB.

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IUT240 Lesson: Parallel Mass Processes in FI-CA

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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Unit 1: Basics IUT240

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Dramatically reduce the runtime for mass runs (such as payment runs or 

dunning processing) by using parallel processes.

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IUT240 Lesson: Master Data Objects in FI-CA

Lesson:

16

Master Data Objects in FI-CA

Lesson Duration: 50 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Explain the most important master data objects in FI-CA, and their 

controlling elements.

Business Example

Figure 12: Central Objects

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Unit 1: Basics IUT240

Figure 13: Business Partner and Roles: Examples

Application-neutral data, such as name, address, bank details and payment cards,

is contained on the business partner master record. Special requirements involved

in setting up business partners that are organizations, groups, and individuals

are also fulfilled.

The SAP Business Partner also provides an open infrastructure for linking the

application-specific attributes of the business partner. From a business point of 

view, this link is made by way of the role concept.

On the technical side, SAP Business Partner offers predefined interfaces via which

 business partner attributes from different applications can be linked.

This means that existing business partner mapping (from resident to tax payer)

within SAP can gradually be integrated into SAP Business Partner.

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IUT240 Lesson: Master Data Objects in FI-CA

Figure 14: Business Partner: Role Definition

A business partner role corresponds to a business context in which a business

 partner can appear. A business partner can have several business partner roles.

Possible roles are, for example, a contract partner (FICA), contact person, prospect

(potential customer) or business partner (general).

The above example shows that a business partner can assume several roles

(contact person, prospect, contract partner) depending on the business process

in which he/she is involved.

BP roles consist of blocks (attributes) known as data sets. These are shown as

little black boxes in the graphic above.

SAP’s Business Partner offers an open infrastructure. This means that other 

components (ERP core, industry components, components of development

 partners, and a customer’s-own components) can easily include their own

application-specific business partner data.

As of release ERP2005, business partners must exist in the business role MKK 

for role category MKK. If you use business partner roles on a time-dependent

 basis, take the following into account: The time frame for business role MKK for 

role category MKK cannot be delimited. It must always have a validity period

from today’s date to 12.31.9999. You may not, and cannot, restrict the validity of 

this role.

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Unit 1: Basics IUT240

Figure 15: Business Partner: Business Partner Category

A business partner in FI-CA usually represents the person or legal entity that

you need to process incoming and outgoing payments against. It is primarily the

constituent or taxpayer from the collections point of view and the beneficiary

from the disbursements point of view.

Business partner category is the term used to classify a business partner as a

natural person (e.g. private individual), group or organization (legal entity or partof a legal entity, such as department).

The business partner category determines which fields are available for data entry.

For example, when you want to create a business partner as an organization, one

of the fields requires you to enter the legal form. With a person, you have to enter 

first name, name components and gender, etc.

When a business partner is created, the business partner category must be selected

(required entry).

Assignment of the business partner category is static and cannot be changed once

the business partner has been created.

It is not possible to create any other business partner categories.

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IUT240 Lesson: Master Data Objects in FI-CA

Figure 16: Business Partner: Business Partner Group

A business partner group is a classification of business partners according to

criteria that the user can freely define.

The procedure in customizing is as follows:

• Definition of number ranges for the business partners

• Definition of groupings for the business partner and assignment of number ranges

 Number range intervals and a type of number assignment are defined for each

number range:

• Type of number assignment: External or internal number assignment

• Number range intervals determine which numbers are permitted.

Business partner number ranges apply to all clients. The standard R/3 system

contains number ranges for the groups provided, and these can be changed if 

necessary.

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Unit 1: Basics IUT240

Figure 17: Business Partner: Business Partner Type

The business partner type controls the field status definition (which fields on the

 business partner master record are mandatory, hidden, displayed, optional) when

creating a business partner in FI-CA.

You can use business partner types to group business partners according to your 

own criteria.

You can find the business partner type in the control data of the business partner.

Figure 18: Business Partner: Address Management

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IUT240 Lesson: Master Data Objects in FI-CA

Central address management allows different addresses to be assigned to a

 business partner for different functions (see customizing of business partner 

address types). These addresses can be classified according to address types (e.g.delivery address, correspondence address, etc.).

You can maintain any number of addresses for each business partner. One address

 per business partner is flagged as being the standard address.

Postal data and information on different communication types is assigned to

the address. You can maintain different communication types for each address

(telephone, fax, internet mail address, pager services, printers, remote mail, Secure

Store & Forward, telex, teletex, URI/URL/FTP, X.400).

The address can be used independently of the business partner.

The address is an object in itself and offers interfaces. The business partner is

 based on these, and offers corresponding business partner interfaces.

The standard address is always maintained on the “Address” screen.

As of release ERP2005, the standard address of a business partner is no longer 

 portrayed using the indicator XDFADR in table BUT020. This indicator is

obsolete and you can no longer specify it on manual entry. With effect from

Release 6.40, the standard address is portrayed with the address use XXDEFAULT.

If you want to use addresses on a time basis, you can create different standard

addresses for different periods. For each time, you can specify one address as

standard address for the business partner.

Figure 19: Address Management: Additional Functions

To date, SAP uses software provided by the company UNISERV to carry out

the above checks. Interfaces provided by the company Paricon make the link to

Central Address Management. Integration with other software providers is also

 planned.

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Unit 1: Basics IUT240

Integration is guaranteed by BADIs (Business Add Ins). BADIs are open

interfaces that can be created at every level of a multi-level system landscape (R/3,

country versions, IS solutions, partner, customer and so on).

Examples of checks:

• Postal check: Postal codes, cities and streets, and combinations of the same,

are checked for consistency. To activate the central address management

 please review the SAP notes 098050 and 132948.

• During the check, missing elements are added. For example, if only the city

has been entered, the postal code will then be added.

• When you create and change a business partner, you are offered a number of 

 phonetically similar, existing partners for comparison purposes. In this way

you avoid creating the same partner more than once.

Error tolerant search means, that you can search for duplicate business partner 

entries using the PF4 ‘search’ function.

Figure 20: Contract Account: Structure and Function

For posting a document, a contract account must be assigned to a business partner.

A contract account can represent a grant type. It is necessary for the open item

accounting within FI-CA. A contract account is also a unit that groups business

 partner postings (for example, tax type).

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IUT240 Lesson: Master Data Objects in FI-CA

The contract account category determines the following attributes:

• Whether you are allowed to assign only one business partner or more than

one to a contract account.

• Whether you are allowed to assign only one contract or more than one.

• Whether you are allowed to maintain a contract account online.

• The number range that is allowed for external or internal number assignment.

• Whether it is a one-time account.

• The editing screens or data fields that you can use to edit the contract account.

You can use the method “BAPI_CTRACCOUNT_EASYCREATE” to create a

contract account with sample values.

Figure 21: Contract Account: Company Code Group

The company code group includes all company codes that are permitted for 

 posting to a contract account. One company code group is assigned to each

contract account. Company code groups can overlap. This means, for example,

you can have a group G1 that consists of company codes 0001, 0002, and 0003,and group G2 that consists of 0001 and 0003.

Using the new event 1010, you can check whether a company code group is

 permitted in a contract account. This enables you to prevent, for example, that

cross-country groups (in certain contract accounts) are used.

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Unit 1: Basics IUT240

Figure 22: Company Codes in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable

• Exactly one paying company code is always assigned to each company code

group in Customizing. A paying company code is responsible for payment

transactions. You have to define house banks and payment methods for 

 paying company codes. Several company code groups can have the same

 paying company code. The paying company code does not have to be in the

company code group itself.

You can also specify the paying company code in a business partner item. In

this case, this specification overrides the paying company code determined

via the company code group of the contract account. If a paying company

code specified in the line item is in a different country to the paying company

code determined via the contract account, you also have to specify a payment

method in the line item. In this case you cannot use the payment methods

from the contract accounts since they refer to a different country.

• A standard company code is allocated to each contract account You use the

standard company code for all postings for which no company code can be

determined by other means (for example, for payments on account).

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IUT240 Lesson: Master Data Objects in FI-CA

Figure 23: Transfer of Responsible Company Code

The first check, in which the validity of a company code group is checked or 

required, automatically transfers the responsible company codes to the company

code groups and paying company codes.

The system creates a company code group with the same key for each responsible

company code. The company codes that were previously allocated to the

responsible company code are allocated to this company code group. The

responsible company code is allocated as the paying company code for the group.

This guarantees the continuity for the existing organization model.

The description of the responsible company code is copied as the description of 

the company code group. As the new description is language-dependent, it is

automatically created in all languages used in the installation. The languages aredetermined by analyzing the document type texts.

Change to contract accounts

A company code group and standard company code are necessary specifications

for new contract accounts. The  RFKKSTDBK  conversion program is available for 

existing contract accounts. You can use it to enhance the missing specifications

from the standard company code. The standard company code is then given the

value of the previous responsible company code. The conversion of contract

accounts can take place in sections subsequently. Accounts that have not yet

 been converted are handled by the system as though the conversion had already

taken place.

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Unit 1: Basics IUT240

Figure 24: Elements of the Customer Profile

The business partner’s payment patterns are reflected in his/her  creditworthiness.

The dunning procedure is stored at contract account level.

The payment term determines the due date. This includes the due date for the

cash discount.

The clearing category controls payment allocation and the clearing of credit

notes and receivables.

The interest key is used to determine individual conditions for interest calculation.

The account determination ID is used for determining general ledger accounts.

The account class is not used by SAP programs and can, therefore, be used freely.

The tolerance group defines limits for payment differences in the incoming

 payment.

The business partner’s payment patterns are reflected in his/her creditworthiness.

You can override automatic determination of creditworthiness by entering a percentage-based weighting and creditworthiness data manually.

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IUT240 Lesson: Master Data Objects in FI-CA

Figure 25: Creditworthiness 1

Creditworthiness is stored in the business partner’s master data record.

Creditworthiness can be updated manually or in the dunning run.

You can also enter creditworthiness data manually. This means that

 business transactions such as a customer complaint over unjustified returns

(creditworthiness improvement) or “black lists” from external creditevaluators (worsening creditworthiness) can also influence a business partner’s

creditworthiness.

Manual creditworthiness entries influence a business partner’s creditworthiness

the same as the entries created by the system. They can contain positive

(worsening creditworthiness) and negative (improved credit worthiness) values.

They can also be reversed.

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Unit 1: Basics IUT240

Figure 26: Creditworthiness 2

Dynamic calculation of current creditworthiness:

Table of creditworthiness weighting TFK046A:

1 month - factor 4

2 months - factor 3The following formula is used for the runtime 04.01.2003:

5 creditworthiness points (February) * 3 + 15 creditworthiness points (March) * 4

= 75 creditworthiness number 

If SAP Credit Management from Financial Supply Chain Management is activated,

the creditworthiness recorded in FI-CA is passed to the  SAP Credit Management 

and can be used for the rating of the here stored internal creditworthiness. Internal

 processes such a dunning and returns processing shall be influenced by the

internal score of  SAP Credit Management  and thus it has to be transferred back to

FI-CA. It is visible here in the creditworthiness display in FI-CA with the date

of the last replication.

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IUT240 Lesson: Master Data Objects in FI-CA

Figure 27: Payment Terms

The payment term contains data for determining the due date and cash discount

terms.

The payment conditions of general ledger accounting are referenced.

FI-CA supports the single-level cash discount procedure.

You can store different rules for determining the due date for credit and receivables.

The due date can automatically be corrected to a working day in connection withthe factory calendar.

Figure 28: Lock Concept

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Unit 1: Basics IUT240

Postings to a contract account can be prevented by a central posting block. This

 prevents postings, clearing, reversal, and the cancellation of clearing for the

involved account.

In addition, the open items in this account are not dunned. During online

clearing processing, open items of blocked contract accounts are flagged with an

appropriate icon. It is not possible to activate these items.

Individual business processes can also be prevented by locks. You can set these

locks for all items at contract account level, or at the level of an individual item.

Lock reasons can be defined in Customizing.

All locks can be given a time limit. Once this limit has expired, the locks are

deactivated.

You can generate a list of business locks in the SAP application menu under Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable!  For Contract 

 Accounts! Evaluation of Business Blocks. When you do this, you can select lock 

entries according to business partner, contract account, lock category, process and

lock reason. The entries are output as a report list or ALV list and can be sorted

according to business partner or contract account.

You can create processing locks with transaction  FKLOCK2 (Menu : Periodic

Processing! For Contract Accounts). From the selection criteria Business

 Partner , Contract Account , Contract, Company Code, you can set mass locks

for a combination of  Lock Category, Process and  Lock Reason. To delete mass

locks, you can use transaction  FPLKDEL.

Figure 29: Locks

Locks for contract account: Dunning, posting, invoicing, correspondence dunning,

interest calculation, incoming payments and outgoing payments.

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IUT240 Lesson: Master Data Objects in FI-CA

You can set the lock for a limited period, or multiple locks for the individual

 business transactions.

Hint:  If you only define one reason for the lock, then it is valid for an

unlimited amount of time.

If you only enter one lock reason, then you can change or delete it. If you

have set several time-dependent locks, use the arrow key to make changes.

You can then enter the changes in a dialog box.

If you have set multiple time-dependent locks, then only a ~ is displayed.

In this case you can use the arrow key to display the other locks.

You can use the FPLKA transaction, under ’Periodic Processing ! For Contract

Accounts! Evaluation of Processing Locks’ to evaluate locks that have been set.

Bank Data and Payment Card Maintenance

• You can use transaction FPP4 to:

 – Create new bank details

(determine a new bank ID for event 1053)

 – Change/delete existing bank details

 – Create new payment cards

(determine a new payment ID for event 1054) – Change/delete existing payment card details and create customer 

contacts

 – Print confirmation letters

 – Control follow-up actions (such as dunning reversal and reversal of 

locks)

 – Make further changes to a contract account (event 1083)

Transaction FPP4 makes it considerably easier to change business partner-related

 bank data. This allows you, for example, to change the bank details for a customer 

changing from cash payer to direct debit payer in the business partner master 

record and in dependent objects at the same time in the  Maintain Payment Datatransaction.

You can use a flexible set of rules to control follow-up actions such as the reversal

of dunnings.

If you set the ’Create Bank ID’ indicator in the   client-specific settings  in

Customizing, you can determine a new bank details ID for the relevant business

 partner at event 1053.

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Unit 1: Basics IUT240

If you set the ’Create Credit Card ID’ indicator in the  client-specific settings  in

Customizing, you can determine a new payment card ID for the relevant business

 partner at event 1054.

With a function module processed in event 1083 you can make further changes to

the contract account when you save the data. In this event, you can, for example,

change the field Planning Group in the contract account if a customer changes

from being a cash payer to a direct debit payer.

Figure 30: Maintenance of Bank Data and Payment Card

Transaction FPP4 Maintain Bank Data makes it much easier to change a business

 partner‘s bank details. This allows you, for example, to change the bank details

for a customer changing from cash payer to direct debit payer in the business

 partner master record and in dependent objects at the same time in the Maintain

 Payment Data transaction.

The following is possible:

• Create new bank details

• Change/delete existing bank details

• Create new payment cards

• Change/delete existing payment card data

• Create customer contacts

• Print confirmation letters

• Control follow-up activities (such as dunning reversal and reversal of locks)

• Make further changes to a contract account (event 1083)

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IUT240 Lesson: Master Data Objects in FI-CA

If you set the ’Create Bank ID’ indicator in the   client-specific settings  in

Customizing, you can determine a new bank details ID for the relevant business

 partner at event 1053.

If you set the ’Create Credit Card ID’ indicator in the  client-specific settings  in

Customizing, you can determine a new payment card ID for the relevant business

 partner at event 1054.

With a function module processed in event 1083 you can make further changes to

the contract account when you save the data. In this event, you can, for example,

change the field Planning Group in the contract account if a customer changes

from being a cash payer to a direct debit payer.

Figure 31: Basic Customizing

To generate an FI-CA project for IS-U, IS-T, or IS-M, you must select both

contract accounts receivable and payable and IS-U-CA, IS-T-CA or IS-M-CA in

the component hierarchy during project generation.

When contract accounts receivable and payable is integrated in an industry add-on,

the industry in question (for example, IS-U) must be activated (application area).

The overviews of the Customizing activities in this unit only represent an extract

of the IMG.

Customizing of the (central) business partner is stored in the “cross-application

components” area.

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Unit 1: Basics IUT240

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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IUT240 Lesson: Master Data Objects in FI-CA

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Explain the most important master data objects in FI-CA, and their 

controlling elements.

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Unit Summary IUT240

Unit Summary

You should now be able to:

• Explain the general concept and special functions in FI-CA.

• Use event management to integrate customer-specific requirements into the

SAP System without modifying SAP programs.

• Dramatically reduce the runtime for mass runs (such as payment runs or 

dunning processing) by using parallel processes.

• Explain the most important master data objects in FI-CA, and their 

controlling elements.

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Unit 2 37   Documents

Unit Overview

This unit will provide you with an overview of:

• How a document is structured

• How to post, change and display documents

• How to customize document numbers, document types and entry tools• The link between general ledger and sub-ledger accounting

• The account balance display

in contract accounts receivable and payable.

Unit Objectives

After completing this unit, you will be able to:

• Explain the concept of documents and the processes in contract accounts

receivable and payable.

• Explain the specific structure of FI-CA documents and the configuration of 

document types.

• Post documents in FI-CA and know the special functions for document entry

in contract accounts receivable and payable.

• Explain the concept of the integration into the general ledger, and know how

to process and reconcile the transfer.

• Navigate to the account balance display and configure it for your needs.

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Unit Contents

Lesson: Lifecycle of Documents............................................... 43Lesson: Document Structures ................................................. 51

Lesson: Posting Documents.................................................... 61Exercise 1: Entering Documents in Contract Accounts Receivable and

Payable ....................................................................... 73Lesson: Integration with General Ledger Accounting. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 80

Exercise 2: Transferring Summary Records to General Ledger 

 Accounting. .. .. . . . . .. . . . .. . .. . . . .. . . .. . . . .. . . . .. . .. . . . .. . . . . .. .. . . . . .. . . .. . . .. 91Lesson: Account Balance Display .. ... ... .. ... .. ... ... .. ... .. ... ... .. .. ... ... . 97

Exercise 3: Analysis of Contract Accounts... .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .103

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IUT240 Lesson: Lifecycle of Documents

Lesson:

39

Lifecycle of Documents

Lesson Duration: 10 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Contract accounts receivable and payable is a sub-ledger accounting component

that manages mass data.

It is used for processing open items.

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Explain the concept of documents and the processes in contract accountsreceivable and payable.

Business Example

Figure 32: The Life Cycle of an Open Item (1)

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

The life cycle of a receivable item in Contracts Account Receivable and Payable

reveals which processes from Contracts Account Receivable and Payable are

handled in FI-CA:

• Open items can be posted in invoicing, dunning, or returns processing.

Alternatively, open items can be posted manually in subledger accounting

The usual form of document posting is posting from an invoice.

• Items relevant for the general ledger are regularly compressed and transferred

to the general ledger.

• Cleared documents that have expired can be archived.

• Opened and cleared items can be displayed in the account display function.

Figure 33: The Life Cycle of an Open Item (2)

Payments are initiated either by the business partner (cash payer) or via payment

runs (direct debit). Payments usually clear open items.

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IUT240 Lesson: Lifecycle of Documents

Figure 34: The Life Cycle of an Open Item (3)

In returns processing, cleared payments are reset, the source receivables are posted

as debit items, and return charges are posted. Return charges can be bank charges

that are passed on to the business partner or company charges.

Figure 35: The Life Cycle of an Open Item (4)

Overdue items for cash payers or blocked items from direct debit payers can be

dunned. Dunning charges or interest on arrears can be posted.

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Figure 36: The Life Cycle of an Open Item (5)

Interest calculation can be carried out automatically in invoicing and the dunning

run, or it can be triggered manually. An interest document is posted.

Interest can be calculated for cleared items as well as for credit and/or debit items.

Figure 37: The Life Cycle of an Open Item (6)

Open documents can be deferred manually. A deferral can take place automatically

in returns processing.

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IUT240 Lesson: Lifecycle of Documents

The original due date is retained in the case of a deferral. If the deferral date is

reached and the item is still open, the original due date is used again for further 

 business processes.

Figure 38: The Life Cycle of an Open Item (7)

You can define an installment plan for open items. Interest calculation can be

triggered via the installment plan.

The interest receivable is integrated into the installment plan.

Figure 39: The Life Cycle of an Open Item (8)

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Overdue items can be entered as doubtful, adjusted individually or written off.

Figure 40: The Life Cycle of an Open Item (9)

Items can be submitted to external collection agencies. Payments such as interest

and external collection agency charges can be posted automatically or manually.

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IUT240 Lesson: Lifecycle of Documents

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Explain the concept of documents and the processes in contract accounts

receivable and payable.

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IUT240 Lesson: Document Structures

Lesson:

46

Document Structures

Lesson Duration: 50 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Explain the specific structure of FI-CA documents and the configuration of 

document types.

Business Example

Figure 41: Document Types for Single Processing

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Each document type is identified by a two-digit abbreviation in connection with a

description. The document type classifies the document (for example, payment

document). You can define for each document type whether it can be used for manual postings or as a document type for a payment or returns lot.

Each document type is allocated to a number range. Document number intervals

are specified for the corresponding document type using the number range. The

number range also determines whether document numbers are assigned internally

or externally.

Document number ranges are specified depending on the volume of the business

 processes.

Figure 42: Number Ranges for Mass Processing

In addition to the document number ranges for manual posting, extra number 

ranges must be defined and allocated for business transactions that result from

 parallel mass processing (for example, invoicing or payment run).

The key for the mass processing number range must begin with a letter. The

 parallel background processes take their document numbers from these number range intervals. As a result, they must be defined depending on the volume of 

 business processes and the number of parallel processes.

If individual postings of a certain category are frequently executed in dialog (for 

example, cash desk or cash journal), and if all postings are executed with the

same document type, users may have to wait because all users access the same

number range when document numbers are assigned. To avoid or reduce this

 period of waiting, several number ranges for individual postings can be allocated

to a document type.

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IUT240 Lesson: Document Structures

Figure 43: Structure of a FI-CA Document (1)

The document header contains general data for the accounts receivable/payable

document such as: the document number, document category, document date,

 posting date, currency, and reconciliation key. Data on the person making entries

and on the origin are stored in the administrative data of the document header.

Data relevant to posting is stored in the business partner items: Data on the

 partner/contract, general ledger data (receivables account), data on the receivables

amount, specifications on the due date, dunning and clearing data, cash

management and forecast data, and other data.

Information on offsetting posting is stored in the offsetting item. This normally

means the line items for revenue posting(s) and the tax posting line items.

Offsetting items and tax lines are created automatically, so only the business

 partner items must be created.

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Figure 44: Structure of a FI-CA Document (2)

Repetition documents are put into repetition groups.

IS-U budget billing plans and installment plans are represented as documents

with repetition groups.

Figure 45: Structure of a Payment Document

The clearing document that can be posted, for example, during incoming payment,

only consists of a document header and the offsetting item(s).

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IUT240 Lesson: Document Structures

The following information is stored in the offsetting items: the payment amount,

the corresponding general ledger account, and information on the cleared

document.

The document number of the clearing document, the clearing date, and the clearing

amount are stored in the business partner items of the cleared document.

This means that both documents are linked as long as the clearing exists. The

 payment document does not maintain a business partner item since all information

on the business partner item can be viewed in the linked, cleared receivables

document.

If clearing is reversed, the connection between the clearing document and the

receivable is deleted, and the payment document is given a new business partner 

item with all posting information.

The clearing information is stored in the clearing history, even if clearing is

reversed.

Figure 46: Document Structure for Partial Payments

If the incoming payment only results in a partial clearing, the item of the sourcereceivable document is split into a cleared partial item and a partial item that is

still open. The clearing data, that is the amount of the partial payment and the

document number of the payment, are stored in the cleared partial item.

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Figure 47: Clearing Open Items (Partial Clearing)

In some cases documents do not retain their status. Document changes and the

clearing of open items sometimes require that the document is then saved in

a different form.

This split is required if a partial amount of the open item is cleared. An entry in

the subledger is split into two entries; the open portion and the cleared portion.

For the new sub-items, you also want to be able to recognize later that they

arose from one original item. In order to achieve this, an additional key field is

introduced into the Business Partner table: the sub-item number.

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IUT240 Lesson: Document Structures

Figure 48: Statistical Postings

Statistical postings make it easier to deal with uncertain receivables, since these

 postings are not transferred to the general ledger and, as a result, are easier to

reverse if they are not paid.

Dunning charges are also a typical example of amounts that are often not paid, or 

documents from an installment plan since the underlying source receivables have

already been posted in the general ledger.Another example of this are budget billing receivables. This is because budget

 billing amounts are not normally backed up by a bill and, if they are not paid, are

more difficult to collect than amounts based on a bill. Furthermore, in the case

of budget billing requests, value-added tax is only due when the budget billing

amount is paid and the receivable is posted in the general ledger.

Figure 49: Structure of a Statistical Document

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Statistical documents only consist of a document header and business partner 

items. These documents are not forwarded to the general ledger.

Figure 50: Payment for Statistical Items

When statistical items are cleared (for example by a payment), the clearing

information is stored in the statistical document. A “real” business partner item

(that is relevant for the general ledger) is created simultaneously in the payment

document and cleared immediately. This item transaction is determined from

Customizing. Revenue and tax lines are added to the offsetting item.

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IUT240 Lesson: Document Structures

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Explain the specific structure of FI-CA documents and the configuration of 

document types.

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IUT240 Lesson: Posting Documents

Lesson:

55

Posting Documents

Lesson Duration: 40 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Post documents in FI-CA and know the special functions for document entry

in contract accounts receivable and payable.

Business Example

Figure 51: Goals of Document Entry

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Figure 52: Post Document: Entry Point

You can use the screen variants defined in Customizing to design the screens to

execute the functions for the business transactions mentioned above (for example,

creating a manual bill). You can select the fields you want hidden when the

functions for posting, changing or creating a document are executed. For example,

it makes sense to hide the fields containing information on the dunning procedure

from the document entry. Users can store their preferred screen variants in the

central user-specific settings in Customizing. This setting can be changed in theinitial screen and during document entry.

In addition, certain fields can be hidden  client-dependent by Customizing as long

as they are not needed in business transaction.

In the initial screen for document entry, the company code is used as the default

value for the line items. You can overwrite it here.

When posting with tax, you can select whether the tax rate is entered manually or 

automatically determined and calculated from the business partner item.

The “net receivables” field specifies that the amount entered is treated as a net

amount; otherwise the amount entered forms the basis of tax calculation as a

gross amount.

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IUT240 Lesson: Posting Documents

Figure 53: List Entry: Business Partner Items

You can select various freely definable line layout variants in the list for entering

 business partner items. Fields included in a variant cannot be longer than 250

characters.

Screen variants are specified in the customizing of the documents. In the initial

screen of the Post Document  transaction, you can enter the two line layout variants

in the line layout for list entry group box. When you choose the  Display/ChangeSettings function, the system displays a dialog box. You can select and save the

variants in this dialog box using the input help. The variants are saved in the

user parameters.

You can branch to the detail view of document entry by double-clicking on a line.

The detail view contains all document fields that can be maintained..

One or more items can be posted for one business partner.

You can also enter items for different business partners within the same document.

These items are posted in one document number.

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Figure 54: Posting: Foreign Currency

The exchange rate can either be determined from the rates stored in the system, or 

 by an entered exchange rate when entering a document in a foreign currency.

If you want to calculate the exchange rate of a specific date, you must enter this

exchange rate date. If you do not, the system uses the current rate.

If an exchange rate is entered, it is compared to the rates stored in the system. If the rates differ, a message is displayed.

An exchange rate can only be entered by users for whom a local currency is stored

in their user-specific settings for FI-CA.

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IUT240 Lesson: Posting Documents

Figure 55: Cross-Company Code Posting

The business partner is not allocated to a company code. The information on the

 paying company code is stored in the contract account via the company code group.

Incoming and outgoing payments are handled via the paying company code.

Posting examples:

• (1) Debit entry (without revenue and tax)• (2) Cash receipt in company code 0001 (without bank account display)

• (3a) Payment allocation in company code 0001

• (3b) Payment allocation in company code 0002

• (4) Company code 0001 owes a payment to company code 0002.

• (4) Company code 0002 receives a payment from company code 0001.

The posting (4) is created with the incoming payment.

Cross-company code posting must be set in the central user settings.

The clearing accounts for payments/receivables are specified in customizing.

One or more documents are posted in each affected company code during the

transfer of the summary records to general ledger accounting.

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Figure 56: Post Document: Additional Functions

Document types can be blocked for manual posting.

The non-periodic posting indicator means that an non-periodic posting takes place

in an alternative account. The indicator specifies that the posting is not for the

current posting period, however is posted there.

The start of the billing period, to which the previous open items relate.

Use: The business partner can be informed of the date in payment notifications,

account statements, direct debits or other correspondence. The date is only used

for information purposes when displaying documents or accounts.

For utility and telecommunications companies, this date is used as well as the

 posting date for manual posting for determination of tax on sales and purchases. If 

 postings relate to a demand period during which the tax on sales and purchases

was changed, the posting date is most often unsuitable. In such cases, this date can

 be specified. It is used to determine the tax on sales and purchases.

Individual documents can be printed using the correspondence component

(correspondence type 014).

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IUT240 Lesson: Posting Documents

Figure 57: Manual Posting with Clearing

Open items to be cleared may belong to a:

• Business partner 

• Contract account (usually 2nd criteria)• Contract or contract object

• Company code

• Applied period (this is in tax and revenue management usually the 1st

criteria)

• Due date

From the transaction Post document  you can access the selection screen for 

entering selection criteria by clicking on the button  Process open items  or  Select 

open items.

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IUT240 Lesson: Posting Documents

The amount entered may be insufficient to clear all the activated open items

completely. By double-clicking on the open items in the “gross clearing” column,

 partial clearing of the open item is proposed for the amount that is not yet assigned.You can overwrite this default value. Alternatively, you can enter individual

amounts in the fields in the “Gross clearing” column.

By putting a checkmark in the box at the beginning of the line, you can select

multiple open items for activation or deactivation as a group (also possible from

the menu, function keys or line commands).

Figure 60: Clearing: Generation of Line Items

Various new line items can be generated by allocating clearing amounts to open

items.

Differences in exchange rates must be posted during the clearing of foreign

currency documents.

If a cash discount is granted and deducted, you must post the cash discount paid.

Minor differences that do not exceed tolerance limits are posted as paid or received.

A real charges receivable is posted and cleared during clearing of a statistical

charge.

A down payment must be posted for the clearing of a down payment request.

Cash discount postings or revenue from charges can be subject to tax. The tax

amount is automatically calculated and posted.

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Figure 61: Clearing: Different Currency

It is possible to clear open items in a different currency. For example, receivables

can be cleared in EUR with an incoming payment in USD.

All selected open items are recalculated in the clearing currency if they have

different document currencies. The calculation is carried out in two steps using the

 posting date of the clearing document:

•   Document currency -> Local Currency / Local Currency -> Clearing 

Currency.

• In this way, maintaining the rates for all currency pairs is not necessary.

The system uses the current average rate for the conversion according the rate

table. If you have agreed upon different rates or amounts with the customer,

differences will then appear during the conversion. In Account Maintenance

(menu:  Account -> Maintenance) in the screen  Account Maintenance: Process

Open Items, you can change the converted amounts and prevent these differences.

The clearing currency and the clearing amount are stored in a cleared item.

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IUT240 Lesson: Posting Documents

Figure 62: Interfaces for Transferring IDocs

The IDoc interface is a standard communication procedure of the SAP System

and is used to exchange business information with an external system or another 

SAP System.

In order to be able to receive and process data from an external billing system

efficiently and carry out a mass transfer of data effectively, the IDoc interfaces

of FI-CA use the infrastructure of the IDoc technology. You can use the FI-CAIDoc interfaces to:

• Transfer bill documents and (if desired) update data in CO-PA

• Set an archive link to optically archived bills or archive external documents

• Transfer reversals of bills

• Transfer open items to the legacy system to be printed on bills

An optimized processing of the usually large data volume created, for example, in a

 bill or reversal run, is achieved by scaled parallelization of processing in mass runs

where you can process intervals of IDocs on several application servers in parallel.

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

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IUT240 Lesson: Posting Documents

67   Exercise 1: Entering Documents in

Contract Accounts Receivable andPayable

Exercise Duration: 20 Minutes

Exercise Objectives

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

• Explain how to enter a document manually in Contract Accounts Receivable

and Payable.

Business Example

Documents are usually created automatically in the subledger accounting of 

FI-CA. Documents can also be created manually in special cases.

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Task 1:

Hint:  First save your user parameters. To do this, choose the following

menu path:

System! User Parameters! Own Data in Parameters Tab Page

Enter the following parameters:

BUK:   U100 (company code)

FWS:   EUR  (currency key)

8P3: (post without jurisdiction code)

If you are on a course without US scenarios.

BUK:   U300 (company code)

FWS:   USD (currency key)

8P3:   X (post with jurisdiction code)

If you are on a course with US scenarios.

Make sure you use uppercase letters.

“Your” business partners have the following number ranges:

PICA...   for business partners without US

scenarios

PI...   for business partners with US

scenarios.

Post two receivables – one amount of EUR (USD) 200 and one amount of EUR 

(USD) 300 for the business partner you have been assigned:

1. Which document type does the system propose?

2. Where can you define the proposed document type in the system?

3. Use the following data to enter the documents:

Document date: 07.05.2006

Posting date: 07.05.2006

Reconciliation key: Is proposed by the system

Continued on next page

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IUT240 Lesson: Posting Documents

Currency: EUR (USD)

Company code: U100 (U300)

Tax: Calculate automatically!  x

Enter the additional data with the “New Business Partner Item” function:

Business partner: PICA0210## (PI0202C0##)

Contract account: PICA0210## (PI0202C0##)

Transaction: 6000 / 0020

Amount: 200,00

Repeat the transaction for this business partner and the amount of USD

300.00.

Write down the document numbers:

 ______________________________________ 

Task 2:

1. Which payment date (due date) was determined for the receivable?

 ___________ 

Task 3:

1. How can you control the determination of the payment date? ____________ 

Task 4:

Display your documents in the account display.

1. Use the following information:

Business partner: PICA0210## (PI0202C0##)Company code: U100 (U300)

List Type: “All items ”

Line layout: Standard Line Layout – Account

Display

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Solution 1: Entering Documents in

Contract Accounts Receivable andPayable

Task 1:

Hint:  First save your user parameters. To do this, choose the following

menu path:

System! User Parameters! Own Data in Parameters Tab Page

Enter the following parameters:

BUK:   U100 (company code)

FWS:   EUR  (currency key)

8P3: (post without jurisdiction code)

If you are on a course without US scenarios.

BUK:   U300 (company code)

FWS:   USD (currency key)

8P3:   X (post with jurisdiction code)

If you are on a course with US scenarios.

Make sure you use uppercase letters.

“Your” business partners have the following number ranges:

PICA...   for business partners without US

scenarios

PI...   for business partners with US

scenarios.

Post two receivables – one amount of EUR (USD) 200 and one amount of EUR 

(USD) 300 for the business partner you have been assigned:

1. Which document type does the system propose?

a) Choose:

Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable!

 Document !  Post 

Continued on next page

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Task 2:

1. Which payment date (due date) was determined for the receivable?

 ___________ 

a) The receivables are due immediately based on the posting date.

Task 3:

1. How can you control the determination of the payment date? ____________ 

a) The payment date is determined using the payment conditions in the

contract account.

Task 4:

Display your documents in the account display.

1. Use the following information:

Business partner: PICA0210## (PI0202C0##)

Company code: U100 (U300)

List Type: “All items ”

Line layout: Standard Line Layout – AccountDisplay

a) Choose:

Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable!

 Account !  Account Balance

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IUT240 Lesson: Posting Documents

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Post documents in FI-CA and know the special functions for document entry

in contract accounts receivable and payable.

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Lesson:

74

Integration with General Ledger Accounting

Lesson Duration: 40 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Explain the concept of the integration into the general ledger, and know how

to process and reconcile the transfer.

Business Example

Figure 63: Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable as a Subledger 

FI-CA serves as a subledger as well as an integrator of accounting data that

originates (for the most part) from various prestored applications and systems.

These applications pass their posting data to FI-CA for further processing. Instead

of individually posting each document created in the subledger to the general

ledger and controlling, summary records are transferred (batch processing). Each

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IUT240 Lesson: Integration with General Ledger Accounting

summary record is posted to the general ledger. This summarization technique

greatly reduces the volume of postings in the general ledger and results in a

tremendous performance advantage.

The transfer of bills from convergent invoicing is dealt with later in its own unit.

Figure 64: Integration with FI General Ledger: Definitions

Summary records are saved in the DFKKSUM* tables.

Other summarization criteria include:

• Company code

• Business area

• G/L Account

• Currency

• Additional account assignments of controlling such as cost center, order 

or profit center.

• Additional account assignments of Funds Management, such as funds center 

or commitment item.

You can prevent summarization with other document items by using the “Single

document” indicator. If you set this indicator, normal summarization of items in

the summaries record will not take place. If this indicator is set for a document,

a separate document item is created in the transfer document for general ledger 

accounting. Furthermore, the document type for the general ledger transfer can

 be individually predefined for each document in FI-CA. A function module,

which is defined at event 0061, is used to make the specifications. Separate

summary records are listed for FI-CA documents with different document types

for the general ledger transfer. The documents for the general ledger transfer are

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

generated separately according to these document types. If no document type

is issued for the general ledger transfer, then the posting is executed using the

document type defined in Customizing for posting area 0100.

As of release ERP 2005, a function is available for reversing the general ledger 

transfer. The documents are reversed as a real reversal in the general ledger or, if a

real reversal is not possible, as an offsetting entry. The reversal is executed on

the posting date of the document to be reversed. It is not possible to post with a

different posting date. It is only possible to completely reverse all documents for a

reconciliation key and company code.

Figure 65: Reconciliation Key Structure: Automatic Determination

Various business processes create a reconciliation key in the system. The

reconciliation key is identified by the current day in the business year - which is

derived from the creation date - and the source or name.

Reconciliation keys that have been created automatically are closed automatically

at the end of the business process.

The system can also propose reconciliation keys for manual business transactions(post document, payment at cash desk ...). In order to do this, reconciliation groups

for default values must be maintained in Customizing. These reconciliation keys

can be accepted or overwritten. You must close them manually before transfer 

to the general ledger.

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IUT240 Lesson: Integration with General Ledger Accounting

Figure 66: Tools: Reconciliation Keys

The reconciliation key can be can be structured user (group) specifically for online

 postings. User-dependent and user-independent reconciliation keys can also be

 proposed for origin keys stored in Customizing. However, for this to happen, the

SAP function modules FKK_SAMPLE_1113_USER or FKK_SAMPLE_1113

must be used in event 1113.

During mass closing (transaction FPG4), the system closes all keys that are notreserved for a specific group of postings, for example postings for a payment

run or a payment or returns lot.

In addition to this, keys that are reserved for posting invoicing documents from

Sales and Distribution (SD) are also closed

If necessary, you can also delete reconciliation keys that have been created but are

not used. To do this, select the  Delete Unused Open Keys  or the Delete Unused 

Closed Keys   parameter.

Document itemization for reconciliation key (RFKKABS30): The report selects

all FI-CA documents posted under a reconciliation key

The FI-CA totals records are selected according to the selection criteria. The

corresponding FI-CA document line items are selected and sorted.

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Figure 67: FI-CA Document - Summary Record - FI Document

Requirement for transferring a summary record: reconciliation key with “closed”

status.

Display transferred totals records in FI: Transaction  FB03 (Document Display)

!

 Document list  and enter reference transaction FKKSU and the reference keyreconciliation key +* in the selection parameters.

Reference in FI document header: Reference key = reconciliation key + sequential

transfer number set during the transfer 

Checking/correcting summary records

Reasons:

• Due to reconciliation differences between sub-ledger and general ledger 

• Due to technical problems (such as database problems, termination of a

 payment run)

Procedure:

• Checking summary records (RFKKABS1/RFKKGL20)

• Correcting summary records (RFKKABS2)

• Transferring summary records to the general ledger in correction mode

(RFKKGL00) (provided that the summary record has been transferred

already)

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IUT240 Lesson: Integration with General Ledger Accounting

Figure 68: Reference Documents: FI-CA => Summary => FI

Documents in a reconciliation key are cumulated according to posting date or 

general ledger account.

Transfer of summary records with different posting dates leads to the creation of a

general ledger document for each posting date.

The reconciliation key is transferred according to the key date. If the reconciliation

key contains documents with posting dates in the future, then the reconciliation

key is only partially transferred to general ledger accounting on the key date.

The rest of the key is transferred if the future posting date is earlier than or the

same as the transfer date.

If the number of lines in the general ledger document exceeds the maximum

number of documents lines allowed in financial accounting, the document is split

and another document is created.

The required “zero balance” is posted via a transfer account.

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Figure 69: Reconciliation: General Ledger Documents

Report  RFKKGL00  transfers the summary records accumulated in the

reconciliation keys to the general ledger. Program  RFKKGL20 is used to reconcile

 between the general ledger and contract accounts receivable and payable. It

reads from the general ledger the documents that were posted by transfer of the

FI-CA summary records in the general ledger and compares them with the FI-CA

summary records. Differences are displayed in color and marked with a red traffic

light. You can select the corresponding menu option in the output list to correctthe differences that occurred, for example, if posting was terminated, and that you

were not able to subsequently post . If you select the correction run flag, the

system executes the correction automatically in background processing.

The report RFKKABS1 (check totals records) checks whether the FI-CA postings

totals match the totals of the associated FI-CA documents and that the balance of 

the FI-CA documents is zero. The program displays any discrepancies between the

 posting totals and the FI-CA documents. The differences can be corrected in dialog

or in background processing. If FI-CA documents do not have a balance of zero,

the corresponding document numbers and reconciliation keys are output. These

reconciliation keys cannot be exported and cannot be corrected automatically.

Report RFKKOP04 generates a key date-specific list of open items for business

 partners in FI-CA. You can use the report during the final work (month, quarter,

year) or for reconciliation purposes.

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IUT240 Lesson: Integration with General Ledger Accounting

Figure 70: Reconciliation: FI-CA with the General Ledger 

Report RFKKGL30: The program displays the documents from contract accounts

receivable and payable (FI-CA) that have been transferred to the general ledger 

(FI) as totals records. The general ledger documents are read according to the

selection criteria. The corresponding totals records and document lines from

contract accounts receivable and payable are selected and sorted.

Report RFKKGL30 guarantees the possibility for revision in contract accountsreceivable and payable; this means that you can use it any time to determine

and display items and documents in contract accounts receivable and payable

(subledger) from the general ledger document (transfer document). A general

ledger document can, therefore, be explained by the items in the subledger at

any given point in time.

You can use the report RFKKABS6 to reconcile the general ledger accounts: The

 program outputs postings that were transferred to the general ledger. The postings

are displayed as an overview of balances or as line items with the corresponding

 posting date and, if available, an alternative posting date.

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Figure 71: Reconciliation: Open Items

Report RFKKOP10 reconciles contract accounts receivable and payable (FI-CA)

with the general ledger (FI). It reconciles the current balance for all reconciliation

accounts or the reconciliation accounts specified as well as on sales and purchase

tax clearing accounts.

The following balances are determined per company code, business area and

reconciliation account:

• Balance of current open items in contract accounts receivable and payable

The tax on sales/purchases clearing account is also useful for down payments.

Statistical items are not evaluated.

• Current balance of reconciliation accounts in the contract accounts receivable

and payable general ledger.

• Balance of reconciliation keys in contract accounts receivable and payable

that have not yet been transferred

• Balance of adjustment totals records in contract accounts receivable and

 payable that have not yet been transferred.

Report RFKKOP10 creates a totals sheet with the balances for the reconciliation

accounts. The Status field in the list specifies differences per company code,

 business area and reconciliation account. The Missing OIs  field informs you that a

reconciliation account in the general ledger has a balance, but no corresponding

open items were found in contract accounts receivable and payable. If you want to

analyze in more detail which items or business partners are involved in specific

differences, start report RFKKOP04 with the relevant reconciliation account as

current OI list.

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Figure 73: Documents: Customizing (2)

The posting keys for credit and debit items, as well as the document type for 

 posting the G/L account when the totals records are transferred to the general

ledger (FI-GL) are stored in the posting specifications for the general ledger. It

must be possible to post the document type on an intercompany basis. The transfer 

accounts for the general ledger transfer must also be entered here.

Prerequisites:

• The required general ledger accounts must be created (go to the IMG

 structure and select Financial Accounting ! General Ledger Accounting !

G/L Accounts).

• The necessary document types must be maintained (go to the IMG structure

and select Financial Accounting ! Financial Accounting Global Settings !

 Document !  Document Header ).

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IUT240 Lesson: Integration with General Ledger Accounting

85   Exercise 2: Transferring Summary

Records to General Ledger AccountingExercise Duration: 20 Minutes

Exercise Objectives

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

• Transfer cumulated posting data to general ledger accounting.

Business Example

The summary records listed in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable are

transferred to G/L accounting during day-end closing.

Task 1:

Transfer to general ledger accounting

1. Display the documents. Where can you find the corresponding reconciliation

key in the document? Write down the reconciliation key:

 _________________________________________________________ 

2. Display the reconciliation key (choose a different screen variant if necessary)

and close the reconciliation key for further postings. Which status does the

reconciliation key have now?

 _________________________________________________________ 

3. Once you have closed the reconciliation key, transfer this reconciliation

key to G/L accounting.

Use the following information:

Reconciliation key: Predefined (see exercise 1)

Test run: SPACE

List of documents created: X

Task 2:

Status of reconciliation key

1. Which status is assigned to the reconciliation key after the transfer to general

ledger accounting?

 _________________________________________________________ 

Continued on next page

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Task 3:

G/L accounting document

1. Go to financial accounting and display the document that was generated in

G/L accounting. Document number:

 _________________________________________________________ 

Where in the G/L accounting document can you see the reference to FI-CA

subledger accounting, and where is the reconciliation key from FI-CA

subledger accounting saved?

 _________________________________________________________ 

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IUT240 Lesson: Integration with General Ledger Accounting

Solution 2: Transferring Summary

Records to General Ledger AccountingTask 1:

Transfer to general ledger accounting

1. Display the documents. Where can you find the corresponding reconciliation

key in the document? Write down the reconciliation key:

 _________________________________________________________ 

a) The reconciliation key is saved in the Document Header, in the

Reconciliation Key field.

To do this, choose Goto! Document Header  in the document display.

2. Display the reconciliation key (choose a different screen variant if necessary)

and close the reconciliation key for further postings. Which status does the

reconciliation key have now?

 _________________________________________________________ 

a) Choose:

Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable!

 Document !  Reconciliation Key! Close

 b) Choose the Goto! Totals Records  function.

c) Choose the Reconciliation Key! Close function.

d) The status changes from “ Reserved for Individual Postings!  Postings

Can Be Made”

to:

“ Reserved for Individual Postings! Postings Are No Longer Allowed ”

3. Once you have closed the reconciliation key, transfer this reconciliation

key to G/L accounting.

Use the following information:

Continued on next page

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Reconciliation key: Predefined (see exercise 1)

Test run: SPACE

List of documents created: X

a) Choose:

Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable!

 Periodic Processing !  Forward Postings !  Execution! Transfer 

to General Ledger 

Task 2:

Status of reconciliation key

1. Which status is assigned to the reconciliation key after the transfer to general

ledger accounting?

 _________________________________________________________ 

a) Choose:

Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable!

 Document !  Reconciliation Key!  Display

The status is:

 Postings can no longer be made! Transfer to general ledger is

complete

Task 3:

G/L accounting document

1. Go to financial accounting and display the document that was generated in

G/L accounting. Document number:

 _________________________________________________________ 

Where in the G/L accounting document can you see the reference to FI-CA

subledger accounting, and where is the reconciliation key from FI-CA

subledger accounting saved?

Continued on next page

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IUT240 Lesson: Integration with General Ledger Accounting

 _________________________________________________________ 

a) Choose:

 Accounting !  Financial Accounting ! General Ledger !  Document 

 Display!  List 

 b) Enter FKKSU as the reference procedure. Enter the reconciliation key

with “*” as the last character for the reference key.

c) Choose Program!  Execute.

d) In the document header of the G/L accounting document, the FKKSU 

reference procedure is saved, and the reconciliation key is saved as

the reference key.

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IUT240 Lesson: Account Balance Display

Lesson:

91

Account Balance Display

Lesson Duration: 30 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Navigate to the account balance display and configure it for your needs.

Business Example

Figure 74: Account Balance Display

FI-CA through its account balance display functionality enables quick and

comprehensive account information to be obtained regarding open, cleared, or 

statistical items.

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

The display functionality is flexible in that search criteria can be defined and

maintained by and for the individual user. Through the use of additional ‘selection

criteria’ the user can further refine the search parameters. For example, a user might wish to search for items within a specific dollar amount range. This could

 be done by maintaining the amount “search range” accordingly.

List types determine which type(s) of of line items are displayed with the account

 balance, such as open items, cleared items, additional business partner items, and

so on. They also determine which types (if any) of statistical items should appear,

and which document category to search by.

If a sorting variant is not specified, the system will use the first 6 fields defined in

the line layout variant for sorting (ascending order). User parameter 814 selects

the last setting of ‘normal’ versus “reduced” initial screen (i.e. selection screen

where parameters are entered prior to actually viewing an account balance).

User Parameter 815 saves the last recorded initial “list display” screen, but will be

overwritten if parameter 810 is active.

Figure 75: Line Layout Variants

Each line layout variant must either be defined as a “totals” variant or a “line-item”

variant.

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IUT240 Lesson: Account Balance Display

Figure 76: Account Balance Display: Structure of Totals Variant

This example of summarization at document level can be useful for the

summarized document display of items from several contracts as well as for the

due dates of a budget billing plan in IS-U. This means that, for every due date, you

can view a customer’s total budget billing amount.

Figure 77: Account Balance Display: Further Functions

 Restriction of Item Selection: If you select the button  Period for Item Selection

(F7) on the initial screen of the account balance display, you can restrict the period

that the system uses for selecting the items in the account balance.

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Context Menu in the Account Balance: You can call up a context menu by clicking

on the right mouse button when the cursor is on an item in the account balance.

In events 1247 and 1248, you can adjust the functions of the context menu tomeet your requirements or add to them.

Figure 78: Account Balance Display: Events

Figure 79: Creating Snapshots

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IUT240 Lesson: Account Balance Display

For business partners whose contract accounts have a larger number of items, you

can create the account balance display from a previously selected set of items

(a snapshot).

Reading the items in the account balance for a business partner with a large

number of items usually takes up a lot of time. To avoid long response times, you

can use this report to preselect items for particularly large partners and display

them in the account balance instead of the current list. In the Implementation

Guide for Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable, under  Basic Functions!

 Account Balance Display!  Business Partner !  Define Business Partner for 

Creation of Snapshots, you must enter the business partners with large numbers of 

items. This setting is one of the current system settings and, therefore, you can

access it in the menu under  Current Settings ( Business Partner for Snapshots).

In order to ensure that the account balance is up-to-date, you should update this

 balance at regular intervals.

Figure 80: Displaying Snapshots

When you call up the account balance display, the system checks whether a unique business partner can be determined from the selection conditions.

If the system has determined a business partner and a snapshot exists for this

 business partner:

• The system imports this snapshot

• The system checks the current selection conditions

• The system displays the result in the list with corresponding information that

the data is not up-to-date and with the date of the snapshot.

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

If you are in a snapshot display, you can deactivate the snapshot from the menu

via Account Balance! Current Status. The system then reads the current data.

Figure 81: Documents: Customizing

Search function: The VRGNG  (transaction) field is made up of the main

transaction and subtransaction fields, and enables you to search for items with

specific main and subtransactions by entering a single selection criterion.

You can also use the fields  CPUDT  (entry date) and CPUTM  (entry time) for 

searching and displaying information.

Assign transactions for account balance display: Business partner items are not

saved for some documents (such as payment documents). Text is not displayed

in the account balance display for these transactions. However, you can define

dummy transactions in this activity, depending on the clearing reason. This

ensures that a text appears in the account balance display. The texts for these

transactions are then displayed.

Special feature for IS-U in line layout: Fields OPBEL_KK_RG and

AUGBL_KK_RG. If the document item was created during IS-U invoicing, the

 print document number is displayed. It is prefixed by the letter “D”. If it is a“normal” posting document, it is prefixed by the letter “F”. At the same time, the

clearing number of the document is entered in the  Clearing Document Number 

field. This enables you to replace the different FI-CA document numbers that are

generated during invoicing with a universal document number.

Budget billing display represents another IS-U feature: The indicator “No Clrd

Budget Blg” allows you to hide invoiced budget billing plans and allocated budget

 billing amounts.

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IUT240 Lesson: Account Balance Display

97   Exercise 3: Analysis of Contract Accounts

Exercise Duration: 20 Minutes

Exercise Objectives

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

• Analyze Contract Accounts.

Business Example

One of your business partners calls and requests information about his/her account

 balance.

The business partner wants to see all his/her account transactions.

Task:

Account display

1. Display  all open items  for the contract accounts of business partner 

PICA0710## (PI0904C0##) (0## = group number). Which list type do you

have to use to display  all the open items?

 _______________________________________________________________ 

Which line layout variant do you choose?

 _______________________________________________________________ 

2. Change the display to show all the statistical and non-statistical open items.

Which list type do you choose now?

 _______________________________________________________________ 

Which items are also shown using this list type?

 _______________________________________________________________ 

3. Branch from the display of an installment plan receivable to the display of 

the source receivable(s). Describe your actions.

 _______________________________________________________________ 

 _______________________________________________________________ 

4. Go back to the initial screen of the account balance display, choose the list

type All items  and display the payment list. Which receivable cleared the

 payment from the payment run?

 _______________________________________________________________ 

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Solution 3: Analysis of Contract Accounts

Task:

Account display

1. Display all open items  for the contract accounts of business partner 

PICA0710## (PI0904C0##) (0## = group number). Which list type do you

have to use to display  all the open items?

 _______________________________________________________________ 

Which line layout variant do you choose?

 _______________________________________________________________ 

a) Choose:   Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and  Payable!  Account !  Account Balance.

List Type:   Standard - All Open Items

Line Layout:   Standard Line Layout – Account Display

2. Change the display to show all the statistical and non-statistical open items.

Which list type do you choose now?

 _______________________________________________________________ 

Which items are also shown using this list type?

 _______________________________________________________________ 

a) Choose the list type:  Open Items (Statistical and Non-Statistical)

All additional installment plan receivables and dunning charges

receivables are displayed.

3. Branch from the display of an installment plan receivable to the display of 

the source receivable(s). Describe your actions.

 _______________________________________________________________ 

 _______________________________________________________________ 

a) Double-click on an installment plan receivable. Choose Environment 

! Source Items!  For Installment Plan in the source receivables

display. Alternatively, you can choose the Installment Plans button

(cntrl + 9) and display the source receivables via  Environment !

Source Receivables (Account Display).

Continued on next page

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IUT240 Lesson: Account Balance Display

4. Go back to the initial screen of the account balance display, choose the list

type All items  and display the payment list. Which receivable cleared the

 payment from the payment run?

 _______________________________________________________________ 

a) Choose the  Payment List  tab in the item display. Determine the

 payment run and choose the button at the start of this line to display

the detail view.

The payment has cleared other receivables and installment plan items.

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Unit 2: Documents IUT240

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Navigate to the account balance display and configure it for your needs.

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IUT240 Unit Summary

Unit Summary

You should now be able to:

• Explain the concept of documents and the processes in contract accounts

receivable and payable.

• Explain the specific structure of FI-CA documents and the configuration of 

document types.

• Post documents in FI-CA and know the special functions for document entry

in contract accounts receivable and payable.

• Explain the concept of the integration into the general ledger, and know how

to process and reconcile the transfer.

• Navigate to the account balance display and configure it for your needs.

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Unit Summary IUT240

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Unit 3 103   Transactions and Account

Determination

Unit Overview

This unit will enable you to understand:

• The structure of the transactions

• The determination of general ledger accounts

• The tax determination process• The Customizing of transactions that map your business transactions.

Unit Objectives

After completing this unit, you will be able to:

• Know the definition and structure of transactions.

• Understand the special functions of transactions in IS-U.

• Configure the automatic general ledger account determination in FI-CA.

• Explain the special tax determination functions in contract accounts

receivable and payable.• Explain the special tax determination features for billing in IS-U.

• Know the special features in the US tax determination.

Unit Contents

Lesson: Structure of Transactions .. ... .. .. ... .. ... ... .. ... .. ... .. ... .. ... ... 111

Lesson: Transactions in IS-U.................................................. 118

Lesson: General Ledger Account Determination .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .122Lesson: Tax Determination ....................................................130

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Unit 3: Transactions and Account Determination IUT240

Exercise 4: Configuring Transactions....................................133

Lesson: Tax Determination in IS-U .... ... .. ... .. ... ... .. ... .. ... ... .. .. ... ... 141

Lesson: USA - Tax Jurisdiction Code (Only relevant for US training). . ..146

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IUT240 Lesson: Structure of Transactions

Lesson:

104

Structure of Transactions

Lesson Duration: 30 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Know the definition and structure of transactions.

Business Example

Figure 82: Transactions

A transaction is a combination of main and sub-transactions.

The texts allocated to the main and sub-transactions explain the corresponding

 business transaction and are available in the correspondence.

The main transaction controls the determination of receivables and payables

accounts.

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Unit 3: Transactions and Account Determination IUT240

The sub-transaction controls revenue account determination, determination of 

the tax determination code, and of information about any additional accounts

(business area, CO account assignment data).

FI-CA and industry-specific versions use internal main and sub-transactions that

are assigned by various business processes and that control these processes. These

internal transactions are assigned to installation-specific, defined transactions.

If all FI-CA functions or industry solutions are used, internal transactions represent

the minimum of transactions. In addition to this, for manual posting, you can

maintain any number of transactions that do not correspond to internal transactions.

Transactions in FI-CA must be specified by characteristics such as debit/credit

indicator, interest key, statistic indicator, etc. These characteristics are

automatically transferred to the document during posting.

Figure 83: Assigning Main Transactions and Subtransactions

Internal transactions are those transactions which take place within FI-CA and its

industry-specific versions. The main examples of these transactions are charges,

interest, payments on account, clarification postings, and so on. These main andsubtransactions thus serve to provide parameters needed for the posting of these

‘internal’ transactions.

 NOTE: Each entry delivered in this table must be assigned to an ‘ID’ by the

customer, regardless if the customer chooses not to rename the transactions

(i.e if the customer wishes not to rename the entry for main transaction 0010

subtransaction 0100, then he must place identical entries in the space for external

assignment).

These internal transactions are hard-coded. Do NOT delete them.

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IUT240 Lesson: Structure of Transactions

Main transactions and subtransactions are used to identify items based on their 

type (such as interest and charge) as well as the business process from which they

originated (payments, account statements, and so on).

This function links each item with a main transaction to which several

subtransactions are assigned. For example, there is a main transaction “charge”

and associated subtransactions “dunning charge”, “return charge”, “return charge

1”, “return charge 2”, “correspondence charge”, “installment plan charge”, and

so on.

Figure 84: Maintain Main Transactions and Subtransactions

A user is free to define new entries in this table for use for transactions not defined

as ‘internal’ to FI-CA. These additional main and sub entries can be used in

general ledger account determination.

You can also define whether the amount entered can be negative or positive.

All postings in FI-CA contain information on the business transaction in the mainand sub transactions. You can assign additional attributes to the transactions in

Customizing. These attributes are copied in the business partner item when the

 posting is made and can influence the following business transactions.

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Unit 3: Transactions and Account Determination IUT240

Figure 85: Freely Defined Transactions

Transactions for account balance display must be freely defined. These

transactions are defined for documents that do not have any business partner 

items (reversal or payment documents). The transaction is determined using the

clearing reason of the document that was cleared by these documents (reversal

or payment documents). These transactions must then be defined in the posting

areas R001 (IS-U),

T001 (IS-T) or M001 (IS-M).

If documents that do not have any business partner items are cleared themselves

(by reversal or clearing cancellation) , the system creates a business partner item

and the clearing information can be written here. This item transaction is also

determined from Customizing. The original clearing reason is also used for 

determination here: Posting area 1090 and/or 1091.

Any sub-transactions can be specified for business transactions that are not

represented in FI-CA processes. These sub-transactions are allocated to the

freely-defined main transactions. This enables you, for example, to map infrequent

 business transactions and use them for manual posting.

For SD billing documents that are posted to FI-CA, the transactions are determined

 based on several characteristics of the SD billing document. Transactions can also

 be freely defined here: Posting area 1200.

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IUT240 Lesson: Structure of Transactions

Figure 86: Allocating an Internal Transaction - Defined Transaction

Examples:

• Customer-specific transactions: Other receivables for manual postings (6000

/ 0020 in the training system) do not correspond to internal transactions.

• Depending on the charge schema selected in the dunning steps of a dunning

 procedure, dunning charges must be posted either statistically or as relevant

for the general ledger. The transaction is ’allocated’ to the business process(specifies, which defined transaction is used in the business process) with the

option of creating 1:n relationships.

• The rate structure in IS-U Billing and Invoicing enables you to create

different rate steps, which generate posting-relevant bill lines to different

revenue accounts and CO account assignments. The freely defined

subtransactions are included in these rate steps. Allocations cannot be made

in the transaction configurations due to the customer-defined rates and

subtransactions.

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Unit 3: Transactions and Account Determination IUT240

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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IUT240 Lesson: Structure of Transactions

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Know the definition and structure of transactions.

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Unit 3: Transactions and Account Determination IUT240

Lesson:

110

Transactions in IS-U

Lesson Duration: 15 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Understand the special functions of transactions in IS-U.

Business Example

Figure 87: Subtransactions in IS-U Billing / Invoicing

The accumulation transactions are allocated to the internal transactions, and do

not have a defined account determination. These accumulation transactions (for 

example, 0100/0020 Consumption Billing Receivable) maintain the business

 partner items in the FI-CA documents that come from IS-U Invoicing.

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IUT240 Lesson: Transactions in IS-U

Transactions for the price components can be freely defined and are maintained in

the rates. Account determination is defined for these (transaction-relevant account

determination with revenue account, sales/purchase tax code and CO key).

Subtransactions must be defined for all main billing transactions (consumption

 billing / final billing / manual billing).

Figure 88: Subtransactions in the Statistical Budget Billing Procedure in IS-U

The payment and transfer procedures should be allocated to the internal

 procedures. Account determination is not necessary.

The payment transactions must be defined as “follow-up” transactions for the

extrapolation transactions.

The sub-transactions for budget billing extrapolation are maintained in the

rates. They must be defined statistically (debit = “P” / credit = “Z”). Account

determination must be defined for these transactions.

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IUT240 Lesson: Transactions in IS-U

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Understand the special functions of transactions in IS-U.

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Unit 3: Transactions and Account Determination IUT240

Lesson:

113

General Ledger Account Determination

Lesson Duration: 20 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Configure the automatic general ledger account determination in FI-CA.

Business Example

Figure 89: Posting Areas

The posing areas are broken down into the following areas:• Posting areas for all application areas (for example, posting area used to

identify a tax account based on the tax code)

• Posting areas for more than one application area (for example, posting area

used to determine the default values for incoming payments). You can make

a number of different specifications for each application area.

• Application-Specific posting areas -> prefixed by the letter from the

application area

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IUT240 Lesson: General Ledger Account Determination

The active application area is defined in the user parameters and/or by selecting

the application area.

You can maintain the posting areas either in transaction FQC0 or in the

implementation guide. Transaction FQCR: Select and output data from account

determination.

You can use this report to select and display account determination data from any

 posting area. In the list, you can use functions such as find, sort and total. If you

select the entry, the system branches to display screen. You can maintain the

entry by selecting Display -> Change.

If you enter a search value, you can use the report, for example, to find what

Customizing entry an automatically posted general ledger account was determined

from.

Figure 90: Posting Areas

You can always enter several derivation rules. If the system does not displaythe necessary key fields at first, call them by choosing the menu path  GOTO

! SELECT KEYS .

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Unit 3: Transactions and Account Determination IUT240

Access Sequence: As standard, the system first attempts to impart an entry with

recourse to all used key fields. If this does not work, the last key field is excluded

at the next attempt. At the last attempt, only the first key field value is used. Youcan change this standard procedure with user-defined access sequences. To do

this, you define:

• Which of the possible key fields are relevant for the determination of the

G/L account

• In which order the system uses your key field definitions for the

determination of the G/L accounts

Test your customizing by clicking on „simulation“. There is also an error analysis

if the derivation was not possible.

Figure 91: General Ledger Account Determination 1

General ledger accounts are determined by means of standard account

determination functionality. This function takes a subset of posting parameters

and checks a special allocation table that is set up in FI-CA customizing.

G/L account determination is done via main transactions and subtransactions from

the line items of postings and account determination ID.

The account determination ID is derived from the contract account, the account

determination ID of the contract object (PS-CD), or the contract (IS-U).

The event for determining the reconciliation account is 1101. The event for 

determining the revenue account is 1100.

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IUT240 Lesson: General Ledger Account Determination

Figure 92: General Ledger Account Determination 2

The account determination ID is automatically derived from the contract account

category, when an item is posted.

Each individual posting in the subledger is allocated to exactly one receivables

/ payables account in the general ledger. A negative transfer amount is a credit,

and positive amount a debit.

Hint:  General ledger accounts used in line items for business partners

(receivables, payables, down payments, etc.) must be designated as being

reconciliation account category “V”. This prevents unintentional direct

 postings to these accounts, and thus avoids potential complication of 

the reconciliation process.

Revenue Account: The account determination logic is the same for income

statement account determination as for balance sheet account determination. A

subset of fields is used from the documents to determine automatically the general

ledger account in which to post.

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Unit 3: Transactions and Account Determination IUT240

Figure 93: Account Determination - Reconciliation Account

The system determines the main transaction during business partner processing

 based on the internal transaction and its allocation to a defined transaction.

The account determination ID is determined from the contract account for 

cross-contract business transactions, or from the contract/contract object for 

contract-related business transactions.

The account determination ID controls determination of the receivables account in

FI-CA (together with the main transaction resulting from the business transaction).

The company code and, potentially, the division are further criteria.

The same receivables account is determined for identical business transactions

for contract accounts with the same account determination IDs, for example

residential customers or companies connected inland.

You can use different account determination IDs to access different receivables

accounts in general ledger accounting.

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IUT240 Lesson: General Ledger Account Determination

Figure 94: Account Determination: Sales Revenue Account

The subtransaction is also required for the revenue account determination

This enables you to allocate different revenue accounts to one business transaction

(main transaction) by defining special subtransactions. It is also possible to

allocate different revenue accounts for each company code and division.

The business area and sales/purchase tax code are defined in revenue accountdetermination. Further account assignment characteristics (such as cost and profit

centers) can be saved there using the CO account assignment key.

In IS-U, you can override the auxiliary account assignments from cost accounting

using a contract-dependent CO account assignment key that is defined in the

IS-U contract.

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Unit 3: Transactions and Account Determination IUT240

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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IUT240 Lesson: General Ledger Account Determination

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Configure the automatic general ledger account determination in FI-CA.

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Unit 3: Transactions and Account Determination IUT240

Lesson:

120

Tax Determination

Lesson Duration: 20 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Explain the special tax determination functions in contract accounts

receivable and payable.

Business Example

Figure 95: Tax: Tax Code Determination

The determination of the indicator for posting sales tax is connected with the

determination of the revenue account for a business transaction.

In the table TE011, the valid sales tax code for general ledger accounting is

determined historically (that is, the periods for which a tax code is valid are

defined), based on the tax determination code determined in revenue account

determination.

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IUT240 Lesson: Tax Determination

The tax accounts to be posted are defined in the posting area 0010 depending on

company code, sales tax code and tax transaction.

Figure 96: Tax: Tax Change

Example: Tax increase from 15% to 16%:

• The sales/purchase tax determination code E1 is valid from 01/01/1995

to 03/31/1998.• The tax determination ID A1 is valid in general ledger accounting for this

 period.

• The tax code (A3) resulting from the change of tax must be newly defined in

general ledger accounting.

• In FI-CA, a new validity period is specified, in which the new tax code

is allocated.

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Unit 3: Transactions and Account Determination IUT240

Figure 97: Transactions and Account Determination: Customizing

In the activity, “Maintain ...... Transactions for Industry Components”, you can

define main and subtransactions, carry out allocations to internal transactions,

make cross-industry settings and add attributes to the transactions.

The consistency check program RFKK_TRANSACTION_CONS_CHECK 

checks whether transaction configurations are complete and plausible.

In the account assignments for down payments and charges, you can define the

transactions that are automatically posted when down payment requests, budget

 billing requests, or statistical charges receivables are cleared. You define these

transactions according to the statistical keys. The statistical document items form

the basis for posting. Account assignments that cannot be taken from the statistical

document items must be defined here in the system.

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IUT240 Lesson: Tax Determination

123   Exercise 4: Configuring Transactions

Exercise Duration: 30 Minutes

Exercise Objectives

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

• Expand the transaction definition in FI-CA.

• Explain the concept of account determination in FI-CA.

• Explain how sales/purchase tax determination works.

Business Example

FI-CA requires defined transactions in order to post documents.

Account assignments are also defined using the posting function in subledger 

accounting.

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Unit 3: Transactions and Account Determination IUT240

Task 1: Concept

1. What does a transaction consist of and what does it represent in FI-CA?

2. What controlling tasks form the basis of the transaction concept?

3. What is a posting area?

Task 2: Definitions

1.

Hint:  Check with your instructor that Customizing has been opened

for concurrent access to the necessary transaction configuration

tables and posting areas.

Define a new transaction: SB## / FO## (## = group number) ‘Other posting group

## / Receivables group ##’. Add the necessary attributes to this transactionusing posting area U100 (U300) and the division “space”.

2. Define the account determination in the chart of accounts INT:

Continued on next page

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IUT240 Lesson: Tax Determination

Receivables account: 140520

Revenue account: 800525

Value-added tax determination

code:

E1

CO account assignment: 1

3. Post a document to contract account PICA0210## (PI0202C0##) using your 

new transaction SB## / FO##.

4. Why does your transaction not have to be allocated to an internal transaction?

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Unit 3: Transactions and Account Determination IUT240

Solution 4: Configuring Transactions

Task 1: Concept

1. What does a transaction consist of and what does it represent in FI-CA?

Answer: A transaction consists of a main transaction and a subtransaction. It

represents the business transaction that is currently being processed in FI-CA.

2. What controlling tasks form the basis of the transaction concept?

Answer: Transactions control the determination of receivables and payables

accounts. A transaction also controls revenue account determination,

the determination of the sales/purchase tax determination code, and the

determination of information about any additional account assignments

(business area, CO account assignment data).

3. What is a posting area?

Answer:  A posting area is a subprocess that supports automatic

determination of certain data required to create documents.

Task 2: Definitions

1.

Hint:  Check with your instructor that Customizing has been opened

for concurrent access to the necessary transaction configuration

tables and posting areas.

Continued on next page

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IUT240 Lesson: Tax Determination

Define a new transaction: SB## / FO## (## = group number) ‘Other posting group

## / Receivables group ##’. Add the necessary attributes to this transaction

using posting area U100 (U300) and the division “space”.

a) Choose:   Tools! Customizing !  IMG!  Execute Project and then

the SAP Reference IMG.

Once you have done this, choose Financial Accounting ! Contract 

 Accounts Receivable and Payable! Basic Functions! Postings and 

 Documents! Document Maintain Document Assignments! Maintain

Transactions for IS-U ! Maintain Transactions for Other Receivables.

In the dialog structure, double click on the first level: Define Main

Transactions. Select “New Entries” and define your main transaction.

Choose Enter . Select the line that contains your main transaction and

double click on the  Define Sub-Transactions  maintenance level. Select“New Entries” and define your subtransaction.

Save your entries and use  F3  to return to the IMG. Select the activity

 Maintain Transactions for Other Receivables again. On the dialog

structure level ’Maintain Attributes per Company Code and Division’,

select New Entries  and enter the following data:

Company code: U100 (U300)

Division:

Short text: soFo## (othRec.##)

Long text: Other receivables ## (other  

Receivables ##)

Main transaction: SB##

Subtransaction: FO##

Debit/credit indicator: Debit

Manual posting allowed: X

Save your entries and use F3 to exit the maintenance dialog.

2. Define the account determination in the chart of accounts INT:

Receivables account: 140520

Revenue account: 800525

Value-added tax determination

code:

E1

CO account assignment: 1

Continued on next page

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Unit 3: Transactions and Account Determination IUT240

a) Choose the following path in the SAP Reference IMG:

 Financial Accounting ! Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable

!  Basic Functions!  Postings and Documents!  Document !

 Define Account Assignments for Automatic Postings!  Automatic G/L

 Account Determination!  IS-U: Define Acct Assmt Data Relevant to

 Main Transactions.

Enter INT as the chart of accounts. Select Create (shift + F4). This

takes you to a maintenance step where you can enter the receivables

account for your main transaction.

Enter the following data:

Company code: U100 (U300)

Division:

Act determ. ID: 01

Main transaction: SB##

Enter G/L account 140520 (receivables account), save your entry and

use F3 to exit this activity.

Then choose Financial Accounting ! Contract Accounts Receivable

and Payable!  Basic Functions!  Postings and Documents!

 Document !  Define Account Assignments for Automatic Postings!

 Automatic G/L Account Determination!

 IS-U: Define Acct Assmt  Data Relevant to Transactions.

Enter INT as the chart of accounts. Select Create (shift + F4). This

takes you to a maintenance step where you can enter the receivables

account for your main transaction.

Enter the following data:

Company code: U100 (U300)

Division:

Act determ. ID: 01

Main transaction: SB##

Subtransaction: FO##

Enter G/L account 800520 (sales revenue account), the tax

determination code E1, and CO account assignment. Save your entry

and use F3 to exit this activity.

Continued on next page

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IUT240 Lesson: Tax Determination

3. Post a document to contract account PICA0210## (PI0202C0##) using your 

new transaction SB## / FO##.

a) To manually post a document, go to the SAP application menu and

select:  Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable

! Document !  Post . Enter the data as described in task 1-1, lesson 2.

This time, however, select your new transaction SB## / FO##.

4. Why does your transaction not have to be allocated to an internal transaction?

Answer:  This transaction is used for other manual postings and does not

correspond to an internal transaction defined by a SAP program.

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Unit 3: Transactions and Account Determination IUT240

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Explain the special tax determination functions in contract accounts

receivable and payable.

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IUT240 Lesson: Tax Determination in IS-U

Lesson:

131

Tax Determination in IS-U

Lesson Duration: 10 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Explain the special tax determination features for billing in IS-U.

Business Example

Figure 98: Tax: Procedure for Changing Tax IS-U (1)

Starting from a business transaction, in this case IS-U Billing, a tax determination

code is automatically determined from account determination.

The tax determination code for general ledger accounting is found using the

history of the tax determination ID.

The tax percentage rate is determined using this FI tax code.

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Unit 3: Transactions and Account Determination IUT240

Figure 99: Tax: Procedure for Changing Tax IS-U (2)

Tax determination codes contained in the billing period are determined during

creation of the billing document. The resulting tax code provides information on

the tax percentage rate and tax account.

If the tax changes within the billing period, proration occurs in the billing line

items.

Figure 100: Transactions and Account Determination: Customizing

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IUT240 Lesson: Tax Determination in IS-U

CO keys can be defined depending on company code, business area, and - if 

contract-related - depending on main and subtransactions. You define contract

account-related CO account determination keys in transaction-relevant accountdetermination; contract-related CO account determination keys (ISU) must be

defined in the contract master record, however, they can be included in the posting

area R001 before the contract account CO account assignments.

Accounts for budget billing down payments in IS-U only have to be defined here

if the statistical budget billing procedure has been selected in the invoicing system

 parameters. You do not have to make any more settings in this posting area for the

other budget billing procedures.

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Unit 3: Transactions and Account Determination IUT240

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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IUT240 Lesson: Tax Determination in IS-U

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Explain the special tax determination features for billing in IS-U.

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IUT240 Lesson: USA - Tax Jurisdiction Code (Only relevant for US training)

Figure 101: Jurisdiction Code Assigned in Contract

The tax jurisdiction code is used for determining the tax rates in the USA.

The jurisdiction code defines the tax authority you have to pay your taxes to. It is

always the city to which the goods / services are supplied.

You may enter the tax jurisdiction codes in the data relevant to billing on the

contract.The jurisdiction code on the contract is assigned during move-in.

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Unit 3: Transactions and Account Determination IUT240

Figure 102: Jurisdiction Code Assigned in Contract Account

The system uses the jurisdiction code on the contract for calculating

contract-related taxes.

For transactions that do not involve a contract, the jurisdiction code on the contract

account is used.

Figure 103: External System - Tax Rate Change

You have to manually maintain this table for tax changes since there is an interface

is not yet available.

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IUT240 Lesson: USA - Tax Jurisdiction Code (Only relevant for US training)

If no data is maintained in Customizing, the actual billing data is used for tax

determination.

Figure 104: Tax Determination with Jurisdiction Code

In Customizing, you define the tax determination code in IS-U that links to the

tax code in FI.

The tax account is determined during revenue account determination.

The tax code and the jurisdiction code determine the tax rates to be charged.

External tax packages may be used in conjunction with FI-CA for tax rate

determination.

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Unit 3: Transactions and Account Determination IUT240

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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IUT240 Lesson: USA - Tax Jurisdiction Code (Only relevant for US training)

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Know the special features in the US tax determination.

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Unit Summary IUT240

Unit Summary

You should now be able to:

• Know the definition and structure of transactions.

• Understand the special functions of transactions in IS-U.

• Configure the automatic general ledger account determination in FI-CA.

• Explain the special tax determination functions in contract accounts

receivable and payable.

• Explain the special tax determination features for billing in IS-U.

• Know the special features in the US tax determination.

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Unit 4 141   Incoming Payments

Unit Overview

Unit Objectives

After completing this unit, you will be able to:

• Name the different payment types in contract accounts receivable and payable.

• Explain the object of the lot in contract accounts receivable and payable,

and explain the procedure for the manual and automatic generation and

 processing of lots.

• Explain the processing options offered by clarification processing.

• Process payments at the cash desk and know the principles of the cash

 journal.

Unit Contents

Lesson: Processing Incoming and Outgoing Payments .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .154Lesson: Payment Lots and Check Lots.. .. ... ... .. ... .. ... ... .. .. ... ... .. ... 158

Exercise 5: Entering Payments in Payment Lots.......................171

Lesson: Clarification Processing.. .. ... ... .. ... .. ... ... .. ... .. ... .. ... .. ... ... 176Exercise 6: Clarification Processing .....................................189

Lesson: Cash Desk / Cash Journal.... ... .. ... ... .. ... .. ... ... .. .. ... ... .. ... 193Exercise 7: Cash Desk / Cash Journal ..................................205

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

Lesson:

142

Processing Incoming and Outgoing Payments

Lesson Duration: 10 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Name the different payment types in contract accounts receivable and

 payable.

Business Example

Figure 105: Initiation of Payment Transactions

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IUT240 Lesson: Processing Incoming and Outgoing Payments

The payment program considers the open items due from all business partners or 

contract accounts that have been selected. It can be used to process both incoming

and outgoing payments.

In case of payments initiated by the customer, the customer decides when to

 pay. Payments initiated from outside can be processed by a payment lot/check 

lot and automatic clearing. Alternatively, payments can be handled through the

cash desk (cash journal).

When payment is initiated by our organization the organization determines when

it will collect or disburse payments from/to the business partner. All payments

initiated by our organization are processed by the payment program.

Figure 106: Incoming Payment Processing: Externally Initiated

The open item that corresponds to an incoming payment is found and - as far as

 possible - cleared (by partial or overpayment if necessary). Most open items are

cleared automatically (clearing procedure). If unable to automatically determine

the open item to be paid, you can assign payments manually to one or more open

items.

Customer-initiated incoming payment methods are generally posted through the

use of payment lots.

Payment card payment postings may be posted manually online and therefore can

 be considered a customer-generated payment method as well as an internally

generated method.

Payments not assigned to an open item can be posted on account or put into the

clarification controller for clarification activities.

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

Lesson:

145

Payment Lots and Check Lots

Lesson Duration: 45 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Explain the object of the lot in contract accounts receivable and payable,

and explain the procedure for the manual and automatic generation and

 processing of lots.

Business Example

Figure 107: Payment Lots and Check Lots

Payment/check lots are used in connection with payments initiated by business

 partners.

The payment/check lot is an object, which is used for storing data from

externally-initiated payments. Data from payments that have a common origin or 

that should be processed together are stored in one lot.

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IUT240 Lesson: Payment Lots and Check Lots

You enter payment/check lots manually if the payment information exists in

written (paper) form. This is normally the case for check payments, although

incoming bank transfers can also be entered manually.

Payment/check lots are created automatically by the system if payments are

transferred in the form of an electronic bank statement. If you are not using ERP’s

Cash Management system, then you must create a program which converts the

 bank statements into a file that can be read by FI-CA. This file is then converted

to a payment/check lot.

Figure 108: Parallel Data Processing: Lots

The general steps in payment/check lot posting are as follows:

Create and save the payment/check lot; can be created manually (check lots) or by

a program (incoming bank transfers from an account statement)

Display or change the payment/check lot (if necessary); items can be inserted

or deleted

Close the payment/check lot; insertion or deletion of items is no longer possible;

however, corrections to items in the payment/check lot are permitted. It is no

longer possible to add payments to the lot, or delete payments in the lot.

Post the payment/check lot; posting can only take place if the lot has been“closed”. Upon posting, payments are transferred to the contract accounts and

 posting is made to the appropriate clearing account. Payment differences can be

automatically posted to special profit and loss accounts.

Further or post-processing is required if postings to a clarification account have

 been created or if postings were not possible (for example, incorrect/missing

Customizing). The following possibilities exist: The triggering of a repayment

(refund); posting to an interim account (if contract account cannot be determined);

or posting as a payment to a contract account (where the account can be

determined, but the open-item to be cleared cannot).

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

Authorization object “F_KK_SOND” with activity “011” is needed in order to be

able to reopen closed payment/check lots.

Figure 109: Interpretation Rules: Note to Payee

Define interpretation rules for note to payee: In this activity, you define the

rules for the automatic analysis of note to payee texts for the automatic transfer 

of payment data to payment lots in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.

Using the values determined, the system then determines the selection criteria for 

the assignment of payments to receivables.

If you want to subject the values found in this way to an additional check, you can

specify a check procedure for each structure sample. This check procedure has

already been defined for the interpretation of the note to payee based on sample

function module FKK_SAMPLE_SEL_TYPE_CHECK in the check procedure

Customizing activity.

In order to simplify the settings of the interpretation rules for the note to payee, the

note to payee analysis can be tested in a Customizing activity.

When payment data is transferred using the reports RFKKZE00 or RFKKKA00,

you can still use the function module called up at event 0950 to make

application-specific or customer-specific enhancements for payment or additional

selections. For further information see the report documentation or the event

description (FQEVENTS).

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IUT240 Lesson: Payment Lots and Check Lots

Figure 110: Note to Payee: Configuration

SAP has enhanced the options for the evaluation and further processing of the note

to payee specified for the transfer of FI bank statement data to the payment lot.

The system accesses the interpretation rules that were defined in Customizing for 

contract accounts receivable and payable.

In addition, it is possible to transfer incoming payments that have a particular 

 pattern in the note to payee to a clarification account or to a short account. The

 program enters the short account or the status “to be clarified ” directly into the payment lot. This ensures that these payments are not processed by the clearing

control. For FI-CA customers this is interesting for holding transactions or for 

 payments that do not have requests.

In addition, you can reassign the selection values found. This means assigning a

new value to a selection value or also assigning a new selection category.

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

Figure 111: Interpretation of Note to Payee - Example

To simplify the Customizing settings for the interpretation rules for the note to

 payee, you can use transaction FP_NOTE_TEST to test the note to payee analyses.

Figure 112: Incoming Payment: Postings 1

Postings:

1. Debit entry from invoicing (shown without tax posting)

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IUT240 Lesson: Payment Lots and Check Lots

Figure 113: Incoming Payment: Postings 2

Postings:

2. Incoming payment at the bank (the account statement is posted in the general

ledger)

Figure 114: Incoming Payment: Postings 3

Postings:

3. Payment allocation by processing the payment lot

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IUT240 Lesson: Payment Lots and Check Lots

Selection information is used to identify the open items which have to be cleared

with the payment and/or to prepare the data for payment on account.

Information is always given in the form of the selection category / selection value.

Example: “C” stands for contract account; “B” stands for business partner, “P”

for period key.

Selection categories are defined in Customizing.

Figure 116: Payment/Check Lot: Processing Selection Categories

The selection categories allow you to decide which fields are to be used for 

selecting open items within a screen variant.

Fields for selection categories can be defined in Customizing and may be taken

from structure FKKOP (Business partner items in contract account document);

fields from a customer defined structure may be used, but a function module

must be coded for event 210.

You can use the following fields to select open items in the transaction for 

manually posting a document: Business partner, contract account, contract,

contract object, payment form reference number (reference number assigned to a

 payment form from an external system), document number, reference document

number, payment form number, and net due date. Of all possible fields, the system

displays only those that were specified as a selection category for your application

in this activity.

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IUT240 Lesson: Payment Lots and Check Lots

Figure 118: Payment/Check Lot: Detailed Specifications

On the detail screen you can enter further specifications which are required for the

allocation of payments or a subsequent clarification.

Selections within a line are linked by AND logic, while the different lines of 

the selections are linked by OR logic.

It is possible to transfer post payments to clearing accounts using short account

assignment for which a company code and general ledger account are defined in

Customizing. This type of posting is necessary if a payment was received by

the wrong department.

Standing order is used when a business partner has told his bank to send a certain

amount form his account every month to a public sector organization. By selecting

this indicator, the bank ID and note to payee information is passed with the item

and the system can “learn” if an item is sent with the same incorrect data each

time (used in Germany).

The field refund method  is used when a payment is received by mistake, from

someone who is an unknown business partner.

An entry screen is available, in which you can only enter selections.

Moreover, a search function in the payment lot helps the user to search accordingto the content of a column in the item list.

In the display for a payment lot item, you can now also reset the payment

allocation or go to clarification processing. The clarification is only possible if the

case has not yet been reserved for other users.

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

Figure 119: Payment Advice Note

You can use payment advice notes to enter details on authorized payments. You

can use the key created during the generation of a payment advice note as selection

criteria for open items.

In addition to the business partner or the contract account, you can also use the

 payment advice note number as selection criteria when entering a payment lot.

When the payment is posted, the system selects the open items of the business partner in the payment advice note. The system uses the entries in the payment

advice note items to allocate clearing amounts to the selected items. Any amount

differences that occur if the amount from the payment advice cannot be completely

distributed (that is, if the open item amount is smaller) are combined into a posting

on account.

Report RFKKAV00 also transfers payment advice notes from a sequential file:

The report uses the data to generate one or more payment advice notes. It carries

out the following activities:

• Reads the application server file specified and checks the data contained

therein• Creates one or more payment advice notes provided the data records are

correct

• Closes the payment advice notes provided the corresponding indicator is set.

• Defective data records are saved separately and can be transferred once you

have corrected them.

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IUT240 Lesson: Payment Lots and Check Lots

Figure 120: Electronic Bank Account Statement - Payment Lot

The bank transfers from an account statement are stored in a payment lot.

Payments are assigned when the payment lot is processed.

Interfaces:

• Data Transfer from Electronic Account Statement to Payment/Returns Lot

• RFKKKA00 (transaction FPB7): The report selects payments, returns

and payment orders that are imported into the bank data memory during

the processing of electronic bank statements for the component Cash

Management (TR-CM). If necessary,the FI-CA data can be transferred

directly to a payment lot, payment order lot or returns lot. Alternatively, you

can output selected data from the bank data memory in a file. You can then

import the files created to payment lots, payment order lots or return lots in a

later step. You can do this using the FI-CA transfer programs RFKKZE00

(payments, payment orders) and RFKKRL00 (returns). The system uses

the business transaction and the amount +/- sign to decide the lot type a

 payment position is transferred to.

• Data transfer from MultiCash files to payment, payment order and returns

lots RFKKKA00 (transaction FPB17): If you convert country-specific bank 

formats into MultiCash format, you can use this report to transfer data from

the MultiCash statement file and line item file to payment and returns lots in

FI-CA. However, in order to be able to process MultiCash files, you must

make the system settings described in the ’Prerequisites’ section of the report

documentation.

The files can also be generated using neutral interfaces. However, these must have

the SAP format - which means they must not contain any country-specific formats

from the electronic bank statements.

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

Figure 121: Incoming Payments: Customizing

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IUT240 Lesson: Payment Lots and Check Lots

159   Exercise 5: Entering Payments in Payment

LotsExercise Duration: 20 Minutes

Exercise Objectives

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

• Use the payment lot to enter payments.

Business Example

You have to enter the payments of your business partners on a daily basis. Your 

 business partners use bank transfer to pay their open bills.

Task:

Enter a payment lot.

1. Use the following information:

 Name of payment lot: ZS-## (## = Group number)

Search term: Payment lot group 0##

Currency: EUR (USD)

Bank clearing account: 113100

Value date Today’s date

Company code: U100 (U300)

Which reconciliation key does the system form?

Which selection categories does the system propose?

Enter check lot items with variant SAP. Enter a payment in the amount of 

USD 100.00 for business partner  PICA0710## (PI0701C0##). Save your entries !

Save your entries ! Then close and post the payment lot.

Check the status of the payment lot to see how it was processed.

What is the status of the payment lot when all the payments were processed?

Write down the assigned document number:

Continued on next page

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

 ________________________________ 

Go to the account display and check the payment allocation. Which list

category do you have to select to spot clearing entries?

 ________________________________ 

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IUT240 Lesson: Payment Lots and Check Lots

Solution 5: Entering Payments in Payment

LotsTask:

Enter a payment lot.

1. Use the following information:

 Name of payment lot: ZS-## (## = Group number)

Search term: Payment lot group 0##

Currency: EUR (USD)

Bank clearing account: 113100

Value date Today’s date

Company code: U100 (U300)

Which reconciliation key does the system form?

Which selection categories does the system propose?

Enter check lot items with variant SAP. Enter a payment in the amount of 

USD 100.00 for business partner  PICA0710## (PI0701C0##). Save your 

entries !

Save your entries ! Then close and post the payment lot.

Check the status of the payment lot to see how it was processed.

What is the status of the payment lot when all the payments were processed?

Write down the assigned document number:

 ________________________________ 

Go to the account display and check the payment allocation. Which list

category do you have to select to spot clearing entries?

Continued on next page

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

 ________________________________ 

a) Choose   Utilities Industry! Contract Account Receivables and 

 Payables!  Payments!  Payment Lot ! Create.

Reconciliation key: ZS-## (## = Group number)

Selection categories: G- Business partner  

K - Contract account

B - Document

Status: “Postings made”

List Type: All items

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

Lesson:

164

Clarification Processing

Lesson Duration: 40 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Explain the processing options offered by clarification processing.

Business Example

Figure 122: Credit Clarification

Items requiring clarification arise where you post a payment/check lot but

either some or all payments could not be posted (due to missing or incorrect

Customizing, for example) to a contract account. When you post a payment/check 

lot, these items are posted to an interim account defined in customizing and

included in a clarification worklist.

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IUT240 Lesson: Clarification Processing

If you then process the clarification worklist, you can transfer these items from the

interim account to a contract account. You can process the posting for a payment,

a payment lot, or for all clarification cases (for more than one payment/check lot).

You can clarify items from the payment or payment lot as follows:

• Correct the payment items (the data used to select the items) and restart the

 posting of the selected items (clearing open items or payment on account).

• Perform the posting and clearing manually (with clearing of open items or 

 payment on account). It is possible to clear some items during clarification.

Partial clearings can be posted more than once. It is also possible to transfer 

 posting items by using short account assignment defined in Customizing. In

connection with this posting you can start a workflow (for example, you can

send an E-mail to the department receiving the posting).

• Create a repayment request if you were unable to allocate the incoming payment amount to an individual item. The system then reposts the amount

from the interim account to a repayment clearing account.

As of release ERP 2005, the new function “Correspondence for Clarification” is

available for clarification processing. This allows you, for example, to make

queries at the house bank or other addressees. When you use the function, the

system proposes a business partner and an application form. The correspondence

type is 0035.

Figure 123: Incoming payment: Processing

The clearing control is responsible for the automatic allocation of payments

to open items.

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

The clearing control logic can be used in various processes and transactions. The

clearing control is used for manual or automatic account maintenance, as well as

for processing payment lots.

Figure 124: Agent Allocation

The clarification worklist can be included in a worklist. SAP supplies the following

two sample workflows for this. They can be used to create individual workflows:

• Standard workflow - WS21000078

A clarification case must be allocated to a processor before it can be sent

to an agent in the workflow inbox. Agent assignment and agent restriction

ensure that clarification cases are only assigned to an agent once. This means

that if an agent cannot process and complete a clarification case, the case is

sent automatically to another agent.

• Ad hoc workflow - WS21000077

 No agent allocations or restrictions have to be made for this workflow. If an

agent cannot clarify a case, he or she determines the next agent and forwards

the case to them. For this workflow, make the setting for a workflow with

direct advance in the general workflow settings so that the next processor 

query appears immediately after processing.

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IUT240 Lesson: Clarification Processing

Figure 125: Clarification List: Roles

When processing clarification worklists, you can carry out a check on the agent

that processes individual clarification items using a role definition (like the SAP

Workflow).

This accounting agent then receives only those clarification items within their 

worklist for which they are responsible within the SAP organizational structure

linked to the role.

For clarification processing in the payment lot, roles for restrictions in theclarification worklist have been available for several releases. Standard role

02100008 (abbreviation FMCA_PLOT_SR) defines by which organizational

units, positions, persons or users certain cases of the clarification worklists are

 processed. The standard role 02100009 (abbreviation FMCA_PLOT_UC) defines

when clarification cases of the clarification worklist should count as urgent

and which organizational units, positions, persons or users are responsible for 

their clarification. These roles were defined in the Customizing for clarification

 processing until now and had to be activated when needed.

As of release ERP 2005, with clarification processing general roles are defined for 

 payment clarification instead of these roles. However, the roles are still available.

If you want to use these roles, replace the roles delivered with the roles 02100008or 02100009 and then activate them.

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

Figure 126: Selecting Clarification Cases from Payment Lot

The selection options of the payment clarification list enable you to limit the open

clarification cases according to clarification accounts and account holders.

You can also define mapping rules by using the new roles 2100008 (Limited

Selection Clarification Worklist) and 2100009 (Limited to Acute Clarification

Cases) and thereby assign each clarification case to at least one processor or a group of processors.

You can transfer payments from payment or check lots that are in clarification,

and that you cannot assign, after a predefined period using a program and thus

remove them from the clarification worklist. You carry out the transfer posting

 by specifying a short account assignment to which a minimum retention period is

assigned. The transfer posting program is RFKKUMBKL.

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

Figure 128: Repayment Request

If allocation of an incoming payment is not possible, you can trigger a repayment

 by setting the “Repayment” indicator in the item of the incoming lot.

The bank details from the bank transfer information are used for the refund.

The repayment itself is performed by the payment run. The “With refunds”

indicator must be set in the payment run parameters.

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IUT240 Lesson: Clarification Processing

Figure 129: Posting Process: Repayment

1. Incoming payment: Bank to bank clearing

2. Allocation not possible: Clarification worklist - bank clearing to

clarification account

3. Clarification not possible: Repayment request generated - clarification

account to repayment clearing account

4. Repayment in payment run: Repayment clearing account to bank clearingaccount

5. Electronic bank statement (outgoing payment): Bank clearing account

to bank 

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

Figure 130: Posting Process: Repayment

1. Incoming payment: Bank to bank clearing

2. Allocation not possible: Clarification worklist - bank clearing to clarification

account

3. Clarification not possible: Repayment request generated - clarification

account to repayment clearing account

4. Repayment in payment run: Repayment clearing account to bank clearing

account

5. Electronic bank statement (outgoing payment): Bank clearing account

to bank 

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IUT240 Lesson: Clarification Processing

Figure 131: Credit Processing

You can use the following functions if the credit use has to be clarified for your 

 business partner’s contract accounts:

• Credit clarification

• Credit processing

The following types of credit can be processed with the credit clarificationfunction:

• Credit that was previously selected by the mass activity Generate Credit List

and sent to clarification processing.

• Credit that was directly included in the clarification worklist as a result of 

Customizing settings.

The Process Credit function should only be used for manually processing

individual credit that has not been entered by the credit list

The activities Remain and Send Letter can be used for processing in credit

clarification.

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

Figure 132: Incoming Payments: Customizing

The Customizing for processing clarification worklists is supplied by SAP

(see the IMG structure under  Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable!

Technical Settings!  Prepare Processing of Clarification Worklists). Check and,

if necessary, modify the settings.

Figure 133: Incoming Payments: Customizing

Selection criteria for clarifying credit. Field Immediately:

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IUT240 Lesson: Clarification Processing

Ensures that a line item that fulfills the Customizing criteria is inserted directly

in the credit list for clarifying credits.

If you do not set this indicator, the line items are inserted in the clarification

worklist when you call the credit list.

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

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IUT240 Lesson: Clarification Processing

177   Exercise 6: Clarification Processing

Exercise Duration: 20 Minutes

Exercise Objectives

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

• Use the central clarification tools to allocate unclarified payments.

Business Example

 Not all incoming payments can be allocated to receivables at contract account

level. Unclarified incoming payments are further processed within clarification

 processing.

Task:

Central clarification processing. Unclarified incoming payments are processed

in central clarification processing. The unclarified payments that you have to

 process have the following name: CA240-0## (ZIUT240-00##), where ## =

group number.

1. Call central clarification processing and define the following payment

allocation in Administrator mode:Analyze item 1 of the payment lot and

check the extent to which the selections proposed by the system agree withthe information listed in the note to payee.

If the information agrees, post the clarification. Which document number is

assigned for the payment allocation?

2. The information in item 2 is not sufficient for clarification. Therefore,

activate repayment for this item.Which repayment request number is assigned?

Display the repayment request.

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

Solution 6: Clarification Processing

Task:

Central clarification processing. Unclarified incoming payments are processed

in central clarification processing. The unclarified payments that you have to

 process have the following name: CA240-0## (ZIUT240-00##), where ## =

group number.

1. Call central clarification processing and define the following payment

allocation in Administrator mode:Analyze item 1 of the payment lot and

check the extent to which the selections proposed by the system agree with

the information listed in the note to payee.

If the information agrees, post the clarification. Which document number is

assigned for the payment allocation?

Answer:  Choose Utilities Industry! Contract Account Receivables and 

 Payables! Payments! Clarification Activities! Payment Allocation.

Enter  CA240-0## (ZIUT240-00##)  as the payment lot. Start the search

with  Program!  Execute as Administrator  or use the corresponding

 Administrator Mode icon.

Select the required item and choose the Clarification button. The selection

 proposals contain one item that was formed from the payment data and

another item that was formed from the note to payee. Select the line in the

selection proposals that is relevant for assigning the payment and then post

the payment. After you have posted the payment, return to the clarificationitem.

The document number of the clarification document is in the “Payment data”

tab page under the “Posting Details” group box.

Continued on next page

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IUT240 Lesson: Clarification Processing

2. The information in item 2 is not sufficient for clarification. Therefore,

activate repayment for this item.

Which repayment request number is assigned?

Display the repayment request.

Answer:  Use the information from exercise 1. Select the required item

and choose the “Clarification” tab page. Select the Repayment flag and

 post the clarification.

The document number of the clarification document and the repayment

request are saved in the “Payment data” tab page under the “Posting Details”

group box.

To display the repayment document number, choose:

Utilities Industry!

Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable!

 Payments! Clarification Activities! Overview of Repayment Requests.

Select company code U100 (U300) and start the evaluation with the status

“Not yet paid”.

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Explain the processing options offered by clarification processing.

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IUT240 Lesson: Cash Desk / Cash Journal

Lesson:

181

Cash Desk / Cash Journal

Lesson Duration: 30 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Process payments at the cash desk and know the principles of the cash

 journal.

Business Example

Figure 134: Cash Journal Functionality

The cash desk functionality includes the mapping of a cash desk structure and a

role-based authorization concept. Cash deposits, withdrawals and differences can

 be posted posting documents can be created along with a detail display of the

document. In contrast to the original cash desk functionality and its evaluation

options (only via the payment lot), evaluations can now be made in the cash

 journal based on payment type and currency, cash desk and current or historical

documents.

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IUT240 Lesson: Cash Desk / Cash Journal

Figure 136: Role Concept

Role concept (optional - can be activated/deactivated in Customizing)

• Branch office manager: Standard role 22000001

• Cashier with special tasks: Standard role 22000003

• Cashier: Standard role 22000005

can be allocated different activities. Users are allocated to roles using thetransaction PFAC_INS or in the Customizing settings for responsibilities.

Activities can also be individually allocated to the roles in Customizing, or 

configured according to the standard system. The overview displayed above

represents a standard allocation.

Activity per role

• Branch office manager 

All activities for all cash desks in the branch office. For example,

entering incoming and outgoing payments, posting deposits, transferring

responsibilities, posting differences, posting withdrawals, the historical

evaluation of all cash desks in his or her area of responsibility andopening/closing cash desks.

• Cashier with special tasks

All branch office manager activities except for closing cash desks in the

 branch office.

• Cashier  

Entry of incoming and outgoing payments in his or her cash desk and posting

deposits.

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

Figure 137: Individual Enhancement of Cash Journal

Bar code reader 

For example, the customer data and the amount to be paid for each bar code are

stored on the bill. A customer pays their bill and takes it to the cash desk. The

cashier scans the bar code. The data for the business partner, contract account,

amount and so on is already entered in the corresponding fields in the cash desk.

There are 5 additional customer functions that can be activated and used for event

6120.

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IUT240 Lesson: Cash Desk / Cash Journal

Figure 138: Cash desk

The cash desk has been integrated into the cash journal. This means that all

incoming and outgoing payments are posted using the cash desk. You can navigate

directly to the cash desk from the cash journal and back. The system transfers the

cash desk allocated to an agent and other allocations (made the system or the user)

to the cash desk. When the  Cash Journal   transaction is activated, you cannot

directly call up the  Cash Desk  transaction.

Caution: If you activate the cash journal later, you cannot evaluate the postings

that you made in the cash desk before activating the cash journal in the cash

 journal. You should therefore avoid changing settings (cash journal active/not 

active) during operation.

Within the cash desk function, payments can be directly allocated to open items

for a business partner. You can use a payment proposal from clearing control or 

allocate the payment manually.

Payment at cash desk includes cash, check or credit card payments.

You can print a receipt subsequent to posting. You can select the application

form for printing the receipt in the activity  Define Application Forms for 

Correspondence (under Basic Functions for Contract Accounts Receivable and

Payable).

If an overpayment is made in cash, the remaining amount is used to decide

whether a posting on account is to be made or whether this amount is to be paid to

the customer.

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

Figure 139: Manual Cash Desk Payments with Business Partner 

The cash desk allows a user to enter payments manually or automatically.

Automatic assignment takes place the same way it does for payment/check lots

(specifications for posting and selection criteria are also based on payment lots).

Cash, card, and check payments are all permitted within the cash desk.

If posting a payment/check lot – regardless of type – with the cash desk 

transaction, you can only create, post, and close the payment/check lots (within

this transaction); a payment/check lot created here can only be displayed in the

 payment/check lot transaction.

Default settings for the transaction illustrated above are set in Customizing in

the payment processing section of the IMG. Expense and revenue accounts for 

 posting of differences are also defined in Customizing (in the automatic G/L

account determination section).

As of release ERP 2005 you can process payments with several payment

categories in the cash desk. This means that a customer can make a payment with

a combination of cash, check payment(s), payment card(s), and postal orders.

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IUT240 Lesson: Cash Desk / Cash Journal

Figure 140: Manual Cash Desk Payments Without Business Partner 

As of release ERP 2005, the initial screen is divided into three parts:

•   Header data

The header area contains the static data of a payment, such as the payment

date and the company code. You can display or hide this screen area using a

 pushbutton.

•   Simple selection /general ledger account posting

The middle area contains two tab pages one for entering selection criteria for 

the payment and one for entering the data for general ledger account postings.

In both cases the cash desk supports multiple entries.

•   Details of payment category In the area for payment categories, there is

a separate tab page for each payment category supported:   Cash, Check ,

 Payment Card , Postal Order . With the exception of cash payments, multiple

entries are possible. The system displays the payment categories andamounts entered in a totals table.

You can create individual documents in the general ledger (FI-GL) and

 payments on account by setting the corresponding indicator.

Payment lots are still supported.

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

Figure 141: Cash Journal - Post Deposit

As of release ERP 2005, the dialog for posting deposits has been revised. The

screen is divided into two areas. You can hide the header data. The fields required

for posting a deposit cannot be hidden.

The cash desk clearing account is hidden in the cash journal dialog. If the system

can automatically determine a unique cash desk clearing account, no cash desk 

clearing account is displayed. If the system cannot determine a unique cash desk 

clearing account, you can specify one.

You can reverse a deposit with the “reversal of special posting documents”

function, provided this has not already been fully or partially withdrawn.

Figure 142: Cash Journal - Post Withdrawals

As of release ERP 2005, the dialog for posting withdrawals has been revised. As

when posting deposits, the interface has been divided into two areas. You can

hide the header data. The area that is permanently visible shows the balance for 

each payment category. You can select and activate the balances for withdrawals.

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IUT240 Lesson: Cash Desk / Cash Journal

You can also post a partial withdrawal. Regardless of the settings for the cash

 journal, the balances are now displayed for each payment card and are provided

for withdrawal. If you select and activate a cash balance and enter a partialwithdrawal amount, you can only post the remaining amount as a new deposit.

This does not change the cash desk balance. However, the performance is greatly

improved when determining the current cash desk balance.

It is advisable to post the remaining amount of a cash withdrawal as a new deposit

at regular intervals or, for example, before or after closing at the end of the day.

The system posts a withdrawal document and, if necessary, a deposit for each

item activated.

The cash desk clearing account is hidden in the cash journal dialog. If the system

can automatically determine a unique cash desk clearing account, no cash desk 

clearing account is displayed. If the system cannot determine a unique cash desk 

clearing account, you can specify one.

You can reverse a withdrawal with the “reversal of special posting documents”

function.

Figure 143: Cash Journal - Post Differences

As of release ERP 2005, the dialog for posting differences has been revised. As

when posting deposits, the interface has been divided into two areas. You can

also hide the header data. The area that is permanently visible shows the balance

for each payment category, provided you can post difference for all payment

categories. If a difference occurs in one or more balances, you can select andactivate these and enter the respective actual balance. For each activated item, the

system posts one document for differences.

The cash desk clearing account is hidden in the cash journal dialog. If the system

can automatically determine a unique cash desk clearing account, no cash desk 

clearing account is displayed. If the system cannot determine a unique cash desk 

clearing account, you can specify one.

You can reverse a difference with the “reversal of special posting documents”

function, provided this has not already been fully or partially withdrawn.

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

Figure 144: Payment on Installment Plan

If, during the clearing proposal, the allocated open item turns out to be an

installment plan item, you can display the installment plan and, if necessary,

change it during the online processing of the clearing proposal for clearing the

source receivables.

Figure 145: Cash Journal: Day End Closing

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IUT240 Lesson: Cash Desk / Cash Journal

You can execute day-end closing. When the cash desk is closed, the system

compares the actual and the target balances in the cash desks of the cash journal

and highlights any differences. A currency unit sheet makes it easier to enter theactual cash desk balances. You can enter the coin and note units in the currency

unit sheet. Once you have saved, you can print the day-end closing.

Irrespective of whether you carry out day-end closing for a cash desk, you can still

open and close it. Cash desk closing does not have to be executed for opening and

closing cash desks. However, if cash desk closing is executed for a a cash desk,

this cash desk is automatically closed. If you want to make further postings to

this cash desk, you have to reopen it.

You can use the overview (menu:  Payments! Cash Desk ) to display the closing

carried out in the cash journal across all cash desks and all branches. In the cash

 journal you can only display cash desk closing for the current cash desk and

 branch. The transaction enables you to display the cash desk closing dependent on

the following selection criteria:

• Cash desk  

• Branch

• Date of cash desk closing

• Closing carried out by

• Status of closing

Figure 146: Cash Desk / Cash Journal: Customizing

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

If you want to use the cash journal in your company, you must carry out the

following in the Customizing menu for contract accounts receivable and payable

under  Business Transactions !  Payments!  Incoming/Outgoing Payment  Processing ! Cash Desk / Cash Journal :

• Prevent the cash desk from being called up directly by flagging the Cash

 Journ. Act.  indicator in the activity:   Maintain Specifications for Cash

 Journal .

• Make the basic settings and master data in the activities:   Maintain

Specifications for Cash Journal  and  Define Master Data for Cash Journal .

When defining Default Values for Posting Cash Desk Deposits and Withdrawals,

make sure that you maintain different bank clearing accounts for deposits and

withdrawals. However, you can enter the same G/L account for deposits and

withdrawals.

You can use user roles to control the authorizations for postings and evaluations in

the cash desk. In order to do this, you must activate the role concept by setting the

Use Roles indicator in the Maintain Specifications for Cash Journal  activity and

 by allocating roles to the individual users (cashiers).

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IUT240 Lesson: Cash Desk / Cash Journal

193   Exercise 7: Cash Desk / Cash Journal

Exercise Duration: 20 Minutes

Exercise Objectives

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

• Use the cash desk to enter payments.

Business Example

You have to enter the payments of your business partners on a daily basis. Your 

 business partner pays their open bills at the cash desk.

Task: Cash Desk

1. Enter the incoming payment using the cash desk. Once you have called the

cash journal, allocate yourself to the cash desk with the branch office WDF

(BOS) and the cash desk ##.

Use the following information:

Information for the posting documents:

Value date: Today’s date

Clearing account: 113100

Currency: EUR (USD)

Company code: U100 (U300)

Information for the payment:

Selection category: Business partner  

Field value / selection cat.: ## =

Group number 

PICA0710## (PI0701C0##)

Amount: 180.00 (in both the Cash Payment

screen and the summary)

Select the Incoming cash payment  radio button.

Choose the “Post item in dialog” variant and display the payment proposal

from the system. Post the payment and write down the document number.

Generate a receipt. Switch to the print preview to display the receipt.

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

Solution 7: Cash Desk / Cash Journal

Task: Cash Desk

1. Enter the incoming payment using the cash desk. Once you have called the

cash journal, allocate yourself to the cash desk with the branch office WDF

(BOS) and the cash desk ##.

Use the following information:

Information for the posting documents:

Value date: Today’s date

Clearing account: 113100

Currency: EUR (USD)

Company code: U100 (U300)

Information for the payment:

Selection category: Business partner  

Field value / selection cat.: ## =

Group number 

PICA0710## (PI0701C0##)

Amount: 180.00 (in both the Cash Paymentscreen and the summary)

Select the Incoming cash payment  radio button.

Choose the “Post item in dialog” variant and display the payment proposal

from the system. Post the payment and write down the document number.

Continued on next page

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IUT240 Lesson: Cash Desk / Cash Journal

Generate a receipt. Switch to the print preview to display the receipt.

a) Choose   Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and 

 Payable!  Payments! Cash Journal ! Cash Journal .

Allocate yourself to the cash desk with the branch office WDF (BOS)

and cash desk ##, then go to the cash desk.

Enter the following information:

Value date: Today’s date

Clearing account: 113100

Currency: EUR (USD)

Company code: U100 (U300)

Selection category: Business partner  

Field value / selection cat.: ## =

Group number 

PICA0710## (PI0701C0##)

Amount: 180,00

Choose “Post Item Online”, check the clearing proposal and post the

 payment. Confirm the receipt printout using the Print Immediately on

 Defined Printer (CTRL + P) button. You can display your receipt using

System! Own Spool Requests.

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Unit 4: Incoming Payments IUT240

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Process payments at the cash desk and know the principles of the cash

 journal.

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IUT240 Unit Summary

Unit Summary

You should now be able to:

• Name the different payment types in contract accounts receivable and

 payable.

• Explain the object of the lot in contract accounts receivable and payable,

and explain the procedure for the manual and automatic generation and

 processing of lots.

• Explain the processing options offered by clarification processing.

• Process payments at the cash desk and know the principles of the cash

 journal.

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Unit Summary IUT240

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Unit 5 199   Payment Run

Unit Overview

Unit Objectives

After completing this unit, you will be able to:

• Explain the prerequisites for the payment program and the posting logic.• Carry out postings and repayments using the payment run.

• Make payments with credit cards.

• Identify the options for creating and processing outgoing checks.

• Explain the Internet self-services for displays, and the options for paying

 bills in the Biller Direct component.

• Define the concept of revenue distribution to final recipients in Contract

Accounts Receivable and Payable.

Unit Contents

Lesson: Prerequisites of the Payment Settlement .........................212Lesson: Payment Program . .... .... .... .... .... ... .... .... .... .... .... .... ... .220

Exercise 8: Payment Run Processing .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .231Lesson: Payment Cards .. ... .... ... .... ... .... ... .... .... .... ... .... ... .... ...236

Exercise 9: Payment by Credit Card.... ... .. .. ... .. ... ... .. .. ... ... .. ... 241

Lesson: Check Management..................................................248Lesson: FSCM Biller Direct... .... ... .... .... .... .... .... .... ... .... .... .... ...253Lesson: Revenue Distribution.................................................258

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

Lesson:

200

Prerequisites of the Payment Settlement

Lesson Duration: 15 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Explain the prerequisites for the payment program and the posting logic.

Business Example

Figure 147: Initiation of Payment Transactions

There are several types of payment methods in FI-CA that are initiated internally.

These payment methods are mainly used in connection with the payment program

(see the next lesson for further details).

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IUT240 Lesson: Prerequisites of the Payment Settlement

The difference between a direct debit mandate and a debit memo (automatic

debit) is that in a direct debit mandate the customer issues the approval to debit

his/her account, and then has six weeks in which he/she can reject the posting.In the case of a debit memo, the customer informs the bank that it can debit the

account. The bank must then confirm that the customer has given consent and is

no longer able to reverse or reject the transaction once it has been started (this

is relevant for German law).

Hint:  If an incoming payment method is valid (not locked), then it is the

company’s responsibility to collect the money. For this reason dunnings

do not include open items of this kind.

Figure 148: Payment Lot: Usage

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

Figure 149: Payment Method Configuration

Through the use of the payment method it is possible to ensure that items with

a payment method and items without a payment method are processed. The

 payment method of the document is not compared with the payment method of 

the contract account. By entering a payment method in an item it is possible to

ensure that any minimum/maximum amount limits valid for this item are ignored

(so that, for example, after the cancellation of a contract, minimal amounts that

would not usually lead to a transfer or a collection can nevertheless still be paid

automatically).

Payment method classification specifies whether a check is to be created, if the payment is from a post office bank account, or if the payment method is to be

used for incoming payments.

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IUT240 Lesson: Prerequisites of the Payment Settlement

Figure 150: Payment Program Control Data - Master Data

The responsible company code has the same function as the paying company

code in Financial Accounting (posting the bank line responsible for house banks,

sender of payment orders, etc.).

Other entries relating to payment are determined separately for outgoing and

incoming payments within a contract account master record. In both cases(incoming and outgoing):

• A business partner bank (or that of an alternative business partner) can be

specified for one or both cases

• Payment methods specified can be overridden by entries in the document.

A contract account can be blocked for outgoing or incoming payments.

Furthermore, bank collection can be prevented after failed debit memos until a

 processing block date is reached.

If a contract account is specified for offsetting, the contract account items are

all paid to a business partner together. Payment methods, banks and blocks aredetermined via this offsetting contract account.

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

Figure 151: Payment Control Data: Line Item

A due date is determined by three date entries: the cash discount date, the specified

due date for net payment, and the deferral date.

Grouping ensures that items with the same grouping term will be paid together 

(the grouping criteria must correspond). For example, it is used if you have sent

your customer a bill with several items, but these items are to be collected with

one amount.

Using the indicator “can only be cleared” when posting an item ensures that itemscannot be disbursed (or collected). Rather, the amount to be collected or disbursed

can only be cleared with other debit entries. In event 0652, you can override

the automatic selection of partner banks created by the payment program. In

the standard system, the partner bank is selected as a result of the bank details

defined either in the contract account or the contract (differentiated by incoming

 payment and outgoing payment). You can override this by explicitly specifying

 bank details in the line item. However, it is not possible, for example, to select

a partner bank dependent on the currency of the items paid if these bank details

are not entered in the items to be paid.

Using event 0652, you can set a different bank details ID dependent on the items

to be paid, or prevent payment.

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IUT240 Lesson: Prerequisites of the Payment Settlement

Figure 152: Payment: Posting 1

[1] Debit position of a receivable

[2] Payment in FI-CA by the payment run.

Figure 153: Payment: Posting 2

[3] Incoming payments in General Ledger Accounting (posting the account

statement).

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IUT240 Lesson: Prerequisites of the Payment Settlement

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Explain the prerequisites for the payment program and the posting logic.

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

Lesson:

206

Payment Program

Lesson Duration: 40 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Carry out postings and repayments using the payment run.

Business Example

Figure 154: Payment Program Processing

The process flow of the payment program is as follows: open items are selected;

open items are grouped for payment; items requiring special processing are

determined; payment methods and bank details are determined; the value date

and account determination takes place; payments are posted and payment media

created.

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IUT240 Lesson: Payment Program

If desired, you can execute a test run of the payment program prior to the actual

 payment run. The test run creates a payment list but it does not create payment

documents.

The results of the test/payment run are stored in payment tables (DPAYH,

DPAYP). These tables include payments as well as payment exceptions.

Payment data and payment exceptions can be viewed in the payment list, but

they cannot be changed.

From the payment data payment media are created. Payment media can be created

in electronic form or in hard copy.

The payment run program uses the technique of parallel processing.

You can define per item indicator for exceptions (in payment program) whether an

item should be placed in the clarification list.

Data that controls the payment run exists in: Master data, document, Customizing,

current payment run parameters.

Figure 155: Payment Program: Program Flow

Parallel processing distributes the load across several systems in order to achieve

improved performance. By choosing suitable sizes of the selected blocks, more

rapid access is possible and less memory is required to process the data.

Parallel processing is achieved by apportioning the dataset to be processed. The

 business partner or the combination of business partner and contract account are

suitable interval objects for parallel processing.

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

The dispatcher for the payment program calls up the payment program every time

entries are made to the technical settings. Every process obtains a free interval

which is not yet in operation. The work list defined by this interval is processedin blocks. When the interval has been processed, the process receives the next

interval and continues until all intervals have been confirmed as completed.

After an interval has been reserved for processing, the information in the worklist

is transferred to the mass selection module so that the items for a business partner 

(or a contract account) can be read efficiently.

Figure 156: Events in the Payment Program

Through the use of specified events, it is possible to influence the flow of the

 payment program. The exact specification of the program interfaces and detailed

documentation and notes on implementation can be found in the system. For more

information see the documentation for the associated example function modules

FKK_SAMPLE_06xx (i.e. the function modules specific to the payment program

are in the 600’s).

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IUT240 Lesson: Payment Program

The following events are available within the payment program:

• 0600 Payment: Enter grouping criteria for items

• 0601 Payment: Deactivate items after grouping

• 0610 Block items or initiate partial payments

• 0615 Choose line-items to be cleared

• 0620 Create clearing document lines (when clearing)

• 0630 Additional data for payment (PAYH)

• 0640 Additional data on paid items (PAYP)

• 0650 Select house bank and account

• 0690 Delete payment data

Figure 157: Run-Time Parameters in the Payment Program

Payment runs can be protected by freely definable authorization groups. An

accounting clerk may only process a payment run (change parameters, start a

 payment run, etc.) if he is authorized for this activity and he is in the appropriate

authorization group.

Selection criteria according to business partner, contract account and dynamic

selections are available for use in the test-run phase.Selection according to company code is mandatory. The defined payment method

is country-specific. For this reason it is only possible to select company codes

within a country that has the same currency in each payment run.

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IUT240 Lesson: Payment Program

Figure 158: Determination of Payment Method and Banks

Several payment methods can be specified for outgoing payments in a contract

account’s or contracts object’s master data. In this case the checks outlined in

steps within the graphic above are carried out for each payment method until a

valid payment method is found.

If payment optimization is not required, the house bank with the highest priority is

always selected (see bank selection in parameter maintenance).

Figure 159: Run Parameters - Selection of Banks

The payment program has been realized as a mass activity.

Once open items have been grouped the system determines the appropriate

 payment method and selects a bank from the bank parameters entered in the

 payment run.

Currently it is only possible to prioritize banks for bank selection optimization.

It is not yet possible to enter available amounts for each of the respective bank 

accounts.

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

You can maintain bank selection for all company codes simultaneously.

For cross-company code postings, the company code belonging to the contract

account must also be the responsible company code for the company codes in

the line items.

If other company codes are billed using the contract account, incoming payments

on receivables in these company codes are always posted to a company code

settlement account in the responsible company code first. This procedure is the

same for outgoing payments.

Figure 160: Example: Item Grouping (1 of 2)

Figure 161: Example: Item Grouping (2 of 2)

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IUT240 Lesson: Payment Program

Figure 162: Payment List

Extended checks for outgoing payment creation: In addition to processing blocks

on an account or contract object and payment blocks on an account or document,

you also have the option in FI-CA of excluding items from payment by the

 payment program. In Customizing you can define the necessary payment block 

reasons to exclude certain items from automatic payment.

This type of payment block always refers to both incoming and outgoing payments.

Items that cannot be paid automatically on the basis of their item and contract

account categories are excluded from further processing by the payment program

and appear in the exception list of the payment program.

Payment and exception list: Using the list-viewer functionality, the payment data

list structure can be tailored to an individual user. This means that the display

layout of the payment list report can be structured and defined by an individual

user.

Figure 163: Additional Features of Payment Program

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

The activity log gives information on the executed activities (changing parameters,

scheduling, deleting data) and by whom and when the activities were executed.

The additional log clarifies the working method of the payment program. In

 particular, information is provided on how the items have been grouped and why it

was not possible to make a payment. The user can define what is to be logged.

The copy template contains pre-defined parameters and may be used to create a

 payment run, but the template itself cannot be executed as a payment run. A

copy template will not be deleted if a payment run that was created by using that

copy template is itself deleted.

Payment runs can be deleted.

Figure 164: Creation of Payment Run

You must initiate a process for each payment medium, and must take into account

the country-specific requirements such as the currency and the note to payee.

You can change the structure of the note to payee in Customizing. The use of symbols such as “&TABLE-FIELD&” is supported, as used in SAPscript. In

addition, it is possible to edit or structure the note to payee (free text field) in the

technical programming of the application area.

If you use the payment media formats  EDIFACT  and  S.W.I.F.T. ( MT 100,101, 103,

104, 200, and 202), (customer development), you can define correspondence

 banks. This means that you can specify a bank chain with up to three intermediary

 banks (correspondence banks) in Customizing for the transfer from one bank to

another. You can define general and recipient-specific bank chains. You then

specify recipient-specific bank chains in the transactions for creating and changing

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IUT240 Lesson: Payment Program

 business partner data (FPP1, FPP2) on the tab page Payment Transactions, in the

 Bank Chains area. The function module   FI_PAYMENT_BANK_CHAIN_SET 

determines the bank chains during the payment media creation and places them inthe corresponding structures.

Figure 165: Note to Payee Content Hint

You can set that payment media are to be created in the language of the business

 partner. If this flag is not set, then the system will look into the content table

depicted above and look for language key ‘“ ”‘ (blank) and use the parameters

associated with this table entry. Therefore it is important to place an entry in the

content table for language key ‘“ ”‘ for each note to payee category.

To determine whether or not this flag has been set, go transaction “SE38”, enter 

 program ID “SAPFKPY3”, execute, then search for the “Text in recipient’s

language” flag.

In the user-defined specifications, you can specify the number of items to be

 prepared only once per payment. This avoids the contents of PAYH and PAYHX

 being output per item, even though these are the same for all items. In the

definition of the line content ( FQP5!  Note to Payee: Content), the sequence

(line number) decides whether the content is prepared per payment or per item.If, for example, you have specified 2 information items per payment and 1

information line per item, you have to provide a total of 3 lines with content.

The first two apply per payment, which means that here only the fields from the

structures PAYH and PAYHX are useful. The third line is then repeated for each

item. The fields from the structure PAYP are useful here.

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

Figure 166: Direct Debit/Repayments: Customizing

Customizing of payments includes:

• Definition of house banks and bank clearing accounts (FI)

• Definition of payment block reasons, note to payee type

• Country-specific payment methods: Classification of payment method,

document type, allocation, payment medium format, allocation of note to

 payee type

• Parameters (company code specific): Minimum amounts for incoming and

outgoing payments,

• Parameters (company code and payment method specific): Minimum and

maximum amounts, processing foreign payments, payment optimization,

definition of value dates

• You must define the application form for creating payment advice notes

in the correspondence for correspondence type 0006 (basic functions for 

contract accounts receivable and payable).

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IUT240 Lesson: Payment Program

217   Exercise 8: Payment Run Processing

Exercise Duration: 20 Minutes

Exercise Objectives

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

• Make payments

• Create payment media.

Business Example

The receivables that are due from business partners who participate in the direct

debit procedure are paid.

Task:

You are responsible for making the payments for business partner  PICA0510##

(PI0501C0##).

1. Start the payment run for business partner PICA0510## (PI0501C0##) in the

“Start Immediately in Background” mode.

To create the parameters for the payment run, copy an existing payment run.

Use the payment run from November 16th 2004 (identification IDUSA) as

the copy template. Modify the parameters to meet your requirements. Use

the following information for your payment run:

Date ID: Today’s date

Identification: P10## ## = Group number  

Enter the parameters:

Business partner: PICA0510## (PI0501C0##)

Due date to: Today’s date

Posting date: Today’s date

Also select the additional log option for your business partner.

What is the result of the payment run?

2. What changes do you have to make to enable the payment run to pay your 

 business partner’s items?

 _____________________________ 

Continued on next page

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

Make the necessary changes and start the payment run again. Enter the

 parameters from your first attempt and use the copy template again. Use

the “P20##” identifier.

Determine the document number of the payment:

 _____________________________ 

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IUT240 Lesson: Payment Program

Solution 8: Payment Run Processing

Task:

You are responsible for making the payments for business partner  PICA0510##

(PI0501C0##).

1. Start the payment run for business partner PICA0510## (PI0501C0##) in the

“Start Immediately in Background” mode.

To create the parameters for the payment run, copy an existing payment run.

Use the payment run from November 16th 2004 (identification IDUSA) as

the copy template. Modify the parameters to meet your requirements. Use

the following information for your payment run:

Date ID: Today’s date

Identification: P10## ## = Group number  

Enter the parameters:

Business partner: PICA0510## (PI0501C0##)

Due date to: Today’s date

Posting date: Today’s date

Also select the additional log option for your business partner.

What is the result of the payment run?

a) Starting the payment run

Choose:   Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and 

 Payable! Periodic Processing ! For Contract Accounts! Payment 

 Run

Maintaining the parameters:

Use a copy template:

Enter 11.16.04 as the date and IDUSA as the identification. Choose

 Program Run ! Copy to go to parameter maintenance. Copy the

template to today’s date and your identification P10##.

Save your parameters and use the  Schedule Program Run (F8)  button to

start the payment program. After the payment run is complete, choose

 Logs! Application Log  to go to the payment run log. You can analyze

the payment run notifications in the info messages.

The result is “Contract account locked”. A payment lock is entered in

your business partner’s contract account.

Continued on next page

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

2. What changes do you have to make to enable the payment run to pay your 

 business partner’s items?

 _____________________________ 

Make the necessary changes and start the payment run again. Enter the

 parameters from your first attempt and use the copy template again. Use

the “P20##” identifier.

Determine the document number of the payment:

 _____________________________ 

a) You have to remove the payment lock from the contract account.

Choose:   Utilities Industry!  Business Master Data! Contract 

 Account ! Change.

Remove the lock for incoming payments and save the changed master 

data.

Copy your first run P10## and enter P20## as the identification.

Start the payment run again using the information from exercise 8-1.

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IUT240 Lesson: Payment Program

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Carry out postings and repayments using the payment run.

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

Lesson:

222

Payment Cards

Lesson Duration: 30 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Make payments with credit cards.

Business Example

Figure 167: Direct Debits Using Payment Cards

When processing open items to be paid by payment cards, card data instead of 

 bank details with direct debiting in business partner master record is used. The

card number as well as locks, and validity intervals are checked.

The card ID is saved in the contract account and possibly in the contract object. A

separate card ID may be stored for outgoing payments.

The payment method uses the “payment card” processing type.

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IUT240 Lesson: Payment Cards

Figure 168: Payment Cards

When processing open items to be paid by payment cards, data from the card

with the debit memo, which exist in the business partner master record, is used

rather than the bank data.

• Card number checked• Locks, validity periods

If the customer uses a payment card to pay for goods and services, then open

receivables have to be reported to the payment card institution. The payment

 program clears the customer’s open items and creates new open items on the

 payment company’s clearing account (reporting account).

The open items to be reported to the payment card company (those open items

of customers cleared by the payment program) are then determined. When credit

card payments are processed in the payment run, no entries have to be made in the

 bank selection. You must define a card account in posting area 1120. The amounts

reported to a credit card institute are posted here, as are the receivables that are

sent to the credit card institute when the notification is created (transfer posting).

The final step is to carry out billing. Billing can be repeated.

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

Figure 169: Payment Cards: Issuing Bank / Card Institution

Figure 170: Payment Cards: Returns

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IUT240 Lesson: Payment Cards

Figure 171: Formats

Figure 172: Payment Cards: Customizing

You can make the basic settings for the payment card configuration in the IMG

menu under:  Cross Application Components -> Payment Cards -> Basic Settings.

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

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IUT240 Lesson: Payment Cards

227   Exercise 9: Payment by Credit Card

Exercise Duration: 20 Minutes

Exercise Objectives

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

• Execute and bill payments by credit card.

Business Example

The receivables due are paid using the specified credit card for the business partner.

Task:

1. Business partner PICA0510## (PI0501C0##) informs you that he/she wants

to make payments by credit card starting immediately.

Enter the credit card information for the business partner in the payment

transaction control:

Card issuer: American Express

Card number: 34123456##

Type of payment card: Credit card

Change the payment method to “K” (Credit/payment card) in the

Payments/Taxes tab page of the contract account and enter the card ID.

2. First, post a miscellaneous receivable to the amount of USD 100.00. Use

the following information:

Document date: 01.04.2006

Posting date: 01.04.2006

Currency: EUR (USD)

Company code: U100 (U300)

Tax: Calculate automatically!  x

Enter the additional data with the “Business Partner Item List” function.

Continued on next page

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

Business partner: PICA0510## (PI0501C0##)

Contract account: PICA0510## (PI0501C0##)

Transaction: 6000 / 0020

Amount: 100,00

3. Now make the payment.

Use the information from exercise 8-1 and add the payment method for the

credit card to the payment methods. You do not have to select a bank for 

this payment method.

Start the payment run immediately (identification P30##).

4. Display all the items that have not been billed to card issuer “AmericanExpress” yet.

5. Bill the items to card issuer “American Express” for your payment run

(make sure that you select your payment run). Use the execution date and

identification of the payment run from exercise 9-3 for your selection.

Enter the following file name: pcard## ## = Group number 

6. Check the account display and see which billing document has been assigned

to the document from the payment run and which name the billing run has

 been allocated:

Billing document number: _________________________________ 

Billing run identification: _______________________________ 

7. Once you know the identifier of your billing run, you can navigate to the

display of the billing data.

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IUT240 Lesson: Payment Cards

Solution 9: Payment by Credit Card

Task:

1. Business partner PICA0510## (PI0501C0##) informs you that he/she wants

to make payments by credit card starting immediately.

Enter the credit card information for the business partner in the payment

transaction control:

Card issuer: American Express

Card number: 34123456##

Type of payment card: Credit card

Change the payment method to “K” (Credit/payment card) in the

Payments/Taxes tab page of the contract account and enter the card ID.

a) Choose:   Utilities Industry!  Business Master Data!  Business

 Partner !  Maintain Business Partner .

Select the “contract partner” role. In the payment transaction data,

enter a payment card ID and assign it to card issuer American Express

(type = 0001). Enter 34123456## (## = group number) as the credit

card number, and use the appropriate button to set these card details as

the standard details should there be more than one set of card details.Save the change made to your business partner. In the detail screen

now displayed, enter the credit card details as the Credit Card payment

card category, and enter a validity date. Your changes are saved when

you confirm the details screen.

Choose:   Utilities Industry!  Business Master Data! Contract 

 Account ! Change.

Change the incoming payment method to “K” in the payments/taxes

and enter the card ID (F4 help).

2. First, post a miscellaneous receivable to the amount of USD 100.00. Use

the following information:

Continued on next page

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

Document date: 01.04.2006

Posting date: 01.04.2006

Currency: EUR (USD)

Company code: U100 (U300)

Tax: Calculate automatically!  x

Enter the additional data with the “Business Partner Item List” function.

Business partner: PICA0510## (PI0501C0##)

Contract account: PICA0510## (PI0501C0##)

Transaction: 6000 / 0020

Amount: 100,00

a) Choose:   Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and 

 Payable! Document !  Post  and enter the required values.

3. Now make the payment.

Use the information from exercise 8-1 and add the payment method for the

credit card to the payment methods. You do not have to select a bank for 

this payment method.

Start the payment run immediately (identification P30##).

a) Choose:   Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and 

 Payable! Periodic Processing ! For Contract Accounts ! Payment 

 Run

Copy one of your previous payment runs. Choose P30## as the

identification.

Use the information from exercise 8-1 and add the payment method for 

the credit card to the payment methods. You do not have to select a

 bank for this payment method.

Continued on next page

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IUT240 Lesson: Payment Cards

4. Display all the items that have not been billed to card issuer “American

Express” yet.

a) Choose   Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and 

 Payable!  Periodic Processing !  Data for Externals!  Payment 

Card Organizations!  List of Payments.

Choose payment card type 0001 (American Express) and enter the

execution date and identification of your payment run from exercise

9-3 in the selection criteria for the payment run.

Choose ’Not Yet Settled’ as the selection criterion for the billing

run. To start the evaluation, choose Program!  Execute  or the

corresponding icon.

5. Bill the items to card issuer “American Express” for your payment run

(make sure that you select your payment run). Use the execution date and

identification of the payment run from exercise 9-3 for your selection.

Enter the following file name: pcard## ## = Group number 

a) Choose   Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and 

 Payable!  Periodic Processing !  Data for Externals!  Payment 

Card Organizations!  Bill .

Enter pcard## (## = group number) as the file name. Choose payment

card type 0001 (American Express) and then enter the execution date

and identification of the payment run from exercise 9-3 in the Selection

for payment run fields. To start the evaluation, choose Program!

 Execute or the corresponding icon.

6. Check the account display and see which billing document has been assigned

to the document from the payment run and which name the billing run has

 been allocated:

Billing document number: _________________________________ 

Billing run identification: _______________________________ 

a) Choose   Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and 

 Payable!  Account !  Account Balance and select the standard list 

type (all items) variant .

Double-click on the document number of the payment run to display

the details for the payment document. Choose  Extras! Payment card 

 supplement  and the required information is displayed in the  Settlement 

 Data screen block.

Continued on next page

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

7. Once you know the identifier of your billing run, you can navigate to the

display of the billing data.

a) Choose   Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and 

 Payable!  Periodic Processing !  Data for Externals!  Payment 

Card Organizations!  List of Settlements.

Use Program!  Execute to start the analysis with the run ID from

exercise 9-6.

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IUT240 Lesson: Payment Cards

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Make payments with credit cards.

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

Lesson:

234

Check Management

Lesson Duration: 15 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Identify the options for creating and processing outgoing checks.

Business Example

Figure 173: Introduction: Process Overview

A check can have the following status:

• Open

• Cashed

• Invalid

• Locked (new as of release 4.72)

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IUT240 Lesson: Check Management

As of release 4.72 you can lock a check and report the lock to the bank, without

having to reverse the related payment or issue a replacement check. The check is

locked in check management and reported to the bank using transaction FPCHX.After a specific deadline (usually 24 hours) the bank guarantees that this check can

no longer be cashed. You reverse the related payment document after this deadline

 by regularly scheduling transaction FPCHS so that the cleared items are open

again. By running the payment run again you can create a new check if required.

If checks are cashed within the deadline, you can define, in the settings for the

voiding reason, whether the checks are to be deemed “cashed” automatically or 

whether clarification cases are to be created. This procedure is interesting for US

customers and is known by the name “Stop Payment”. It is an alternative to the

 previous way of issuing a replacement check. Invalid checks that have not yet left

the company premises should be voided and reissued as previously. A check lock 

is not necessary in these cases.

Figure 174: Maintaining Outgoing Check Processing

The bank clearing account used in the payment document must be defined in

Customizing to enable the system to determine bank data, and the valid for online

 printing indicator must be set. When you set the flag, the applicable clearing

account must be used in online check printing.

Application form FI_CA_DME_CHECK_SAMPLE serves as a template for a

check form with an accompanying letter.

The check is printed. The checks for the document are managed in the check 

repository together with the check numbers used.

If you try to print a check again for the same payment document, a replacement

check is created in the check repository with a new check number.

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

The program makes the following available:

• A chronological log of any special event (when a check is invalidated, for 

example). You can display the log for the check or for the payment document.

• The status of checks can be changed. This allows you to record in check 

management which checks have been cashed.

• You can invalidate checks separately, but you must define a reason for it.

• If you use pre-numbered checks, you can use a check issue file to record

which checks have actually been issued. This allows you to keep tabs on

existing pre-numbered checks that have not yet been issued.

• If you need to state the name of more than one recipient on a check 

(two-party checks), you can enter additional recipient information separately

and save this.

Figure 175: Direct Debit/Repayments: Customizing

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IUT240 Lesson: Check Management

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Identify the options for creating and processing outgoing checks.

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IUT240 Lesson: FSCM Biller Direct

Lesson:

238

FSCM Biller Direct

Lesson Duration: 10 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Explain the Internet self-services for displays, and the options for paying

 bills in the Biller Direct component.

Business Example

Figure 176: FI-CA & Biller Direct: The Internet Customer Account

s

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

Figure 177: SAP’s Concept of the Customer Account

Figure 178: One Customer Account - Different Receivable Types

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IUT240 Lesson: FSCM Biller Direct

Figure 179: SAP FSCM: Biller Direct

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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IUT240 Lesson: FSCM Biller Direct

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Explain the Internet self-services for displays, and the options for paying

 bills in the Biller Direct component.

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

Lesson:

242

Revenue Distribution

Lesson Duration: 15 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Define the concept of revenue distribution to final recipients in Contract

Accounts Receivable and Payable.

Business Example

Revenue Distribution: Definition

• Definition of “revenue distribution”:

Distribution of revenues (i.e. sales, motor fuels and trade taxes, exchange

of information function, the use of value-added services, or the deregulatedtelephone market) to final recipients based on established distribution rules.

• Definition of “final recipient”:

Entity (natural or legal person) that is the receiver of the distributed revenue.

In addition to managing your own receivables, you can use the FI-CA component

Revenue Distribution to manage receivables for third parties.

Incoming payments for third parties that you receive for example, as part of 

the exchange of information function, the use of value-added services, or the

deregulated telephone market are automatically paid over to the final recipient.

The payments to be distributed to the final recipient are created in the form of totals postings. The payment program uses these to create a transfer. However,

in this transfer for the final recipient, it is not visible which business partners

have paid which open items. For the final recipient to see which paid items make

up the payment amount transferred, in data medium creation you can create a

 payment advice note, in which you explain which payments make up the totals

 posting to the final recipient. SAP delivers the following example forms of form

class  FI_CA_PAYMENT :  FI_CA_PAYMENT_REV_DIST_SF (SmartForm)

and FI_CA_PAYMENT_REV_DIST_PDF (PDF).

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IUT240 Lesson: Revenue Distribution

There has been no manual or automatic clearing in the account of the final

recipient, which means that you can use the payment program for payment.

To prevent clearing, when you post the distribution documents, set the clearing

restriction Z . This has the effect that only the payment program can perform

clearing. To set the clearing restriction, make the corresponding setting in the

Implementation Guide for Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable, under 

 Business Transactions!  Distribution of Revenues!  Define Specifications for 

 Distribution of Revenues.

In theory, in a distribution run, it may be the case that the revenues to be

distributed and the adjustment postings that, for example, arise from a clearing

reset or reversal of payments, balance to zero. If this is the case, no documents

have yet been created on the final recipient’s account. In release 6.00, the posting

logic was changed for this special case. In the future, two distribution documents

with opposite +/- signs are posted. This enables you to create a payment advice

note for the final recipient.

Figure 180: Revenue Distribution: Overview

FP60M The distribution revenue mass activity 0094 reads cleared items and writes

detailed information in table DFKKRDI.

FP60P With this transaction the system creates postings for final recipient by

reading the detailed information.

FP60R or FP60R2 or reports RFKKRD01 and RFKKRD02 Reporting Detailed

Information

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

The final recipient can:

• Be automatically derived

 – in Customizing (posting area 1380): The derivation of the final recipient

is based on company code /main transaction and subtransaction/account

determination ID/division/period key

 – Event 0045

• Be entered manually in the document

Depending on the original main and sub transaction for the distribution posting,

you can derive the same or an alternative main and sub transaction.

Separate output process for mass activity 0094

• Takes into account all payments that have been distributed• Updates DFKKRDI

 – Contains data on the output run and payments made

 – Explains which incoming payments have been forwarded with which

outgoing posting

• Generates summary postings for the final recipient.

In event 5415 you can exclude individual documents or line items from the

revenue distribution. For example, you can allow a period of four weeks before

you forward a payment received to the final recipient.

Distribution Information in Posting lines

•   Distribution status in posting lines:

 – “1” to distribute

 – “2” incoming payment distributed

 – “3” Clearing reset/reversal distributed

The payments are identified using the clearing reason.

Both the current and the previous distribution statuses are saved.

Each distribution sets the last distribution status as the current status.

The distribution program only takes into account items with the current status “1”.

To prevent an inconsistent status in the distribution history after the reversal of a

distribution document, the reversal of revenue distribution documents has been

suppressed.

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IUT240 Lesson: Revenue Distribution

In revenue distribution, several revenues are usually transferred to the final

recipient as a total. From Release 6.00, for individual cases, you can forward a

document to the final recipient separately (without summarizing it with other documents). You can use this posting of individual documents, for example, in the

 Public Sector  for administrative purposes.

Figure 181: Evaluation of Revenue Distribution (FP60P)

You can use transaction FP60R2 to evaluate the revenue distribution for a final

recipient account or for all final recipient accounts of a business partner.

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

In the report, for each final recipient account and currency, totals items are

displayed for the following evaluation categories:

• Posted for distribution to final recipient

These totals contain all posted documents that are forwarded to the final

recipient for an incoming payment. In these documents the final recipient

account is filled with the final recipient selected.

• Distributed for final recipient

In this evaluation category, for the final recipients selected, the total of 

all entries written in the distribution table DFKKRDI by the Distribute

Revenues transaction is displayed. The total is displayed in the Total field.

The other totals fields have no meaning for this evaluation.

• Posted to final recipient

These totals contain all documents posted to the contract account of the final

recipient. These can be the distribution documents posted to the contract

account of the final recipient by the Post Distribution transaction (SAP menu:

Periodic Processing -> For Contract Accounts -> Revenue Distribution).

Documents that were posted to the account manually are also included in

the totals. The different totals (for example, posted and reversed totals) are

calculated as for the evaluation Posted for Distribution to Final Recipient.

Figure 182: Revenue Distribution: Customizing

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IUT240 Lesson: Revenue Distribution

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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Unit 5: Payment Run IUT240

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Define the concept of revenue distribution to final recipients in Contract

Accounts Receivable and Payable.

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IUT240 Unit Summary

Unit Summary

You should now be able to:

• Explain the prerequisites for the payment program and the posting logic.

• Carry out postings and repayments using the payment run.

• Make payments with credit cards.

• Identify the options for creating and processing outgoing checks.

• Explain the Internet self-services for displays, and the options for paying

 bills in the Biller Direct component.

• Define the concept of revenue distribution to final recipients in Contract

Accounts Receivable and Payable.

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Unit Summary IUT240

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Unit 6 249   Returns Processing

Unit Overview

Unit Objectives

After completing this unit, you will be able to:

• Configure return reasons, activities, and changes.• Process returns in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.

Unit Contents

Lesson: Configuration of Returns.. ... ... .. .. ... ... .. ... .. ... ... .. ... .. ... ... .268

Lesson: Processing of Returns ...............................................281

Exercise 10: Configuration and Processing of Returns ...............287

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Unit 6: Returns Processing IUT240

Lesson:

250

Configuration of Returns

Lesson Duration: 45 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Configure return reasons, activities, and changes.

Business Example

Your organization has been notified by its bank that it has been unable to collect a

 payment from the business partner’s bank (insufficient funds, expired account,

invalid account, and so on).

Figure 183: Returns and Returns Lot: Definition

The returns component enables you to process bank returns which may occur as

 part of a debit memo or collection procedure, or with check deposits or outgoing

 payments. Returns are combined in return lots. The returns lots can be created

either manually (using return slips), or automatically by copying return data from

the electronic bank account statement file.

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration of Returns

Returns can occur in connection with the following payment methods:

• Checks

• Debit memos

• Credit card collections

Returns typically result from expired or closed accounts, insufficient funds in an

account, false accounts, stop-payment on a check, and so on.

After a return has been included in a return lot, an additional document is posted.

This document varies from a reversal posting in that it is posted to a settlement

account for returns. Data can be entered in the lot either automatically or manually.

Figure 184: Returns Processing: Structure

First the system determines the receivables or payables that were cleared by

incoming or outgoing payments. This payment clearing can then be (normal case)

canceled so that the original receivables or payables are open again. The system

then generates a return document containing the offsetting items for the items in

the payment document.Bank charges are posted in the general ledger. You can charge any bank fees to

your business partners. You may choose to make your business partner liable for 

other charges as well. The return charges for the business partner can be posted

either statistically or to the general ledger.

Possible follow-up activities are: Changes in the item, setting a deferral date,

setting a dunning block and/or a payment block, setting an outgoing payment

 block and/or changing the incoming payment method (from direct debiting to

 payment on demand, for example).

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Unit 6: Returns Processing IUT240

Other activities such as workflow connection, creation of information for the

clerk, or the creation of correspondence for the business partner are also possible.

The industry solutions offer these activities, but customers can adapt them tosuit own needs.

The system records all relevant data in a returns history. This history is referred to

when determining creditworthiness. The returns history is used, for example, to

determine the number of returns for a business partner.

Figure 185: Posting: With Bank Charges 1

1. Debit entry from invoicing (tax not shown)

2.   Payment settlement by bank collection

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration of Returns

Figure 186: Posting: With Bank Charges 2

1. Debit entry from invoicing (tax not shown)

2. Payment settlement by bank collection

3.   Incoming payment (account statement)

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Unit 6: Returns Processing IUT240

Figure 187: Posting: With Bank Charges 3

1. Debit entry from invoicing (tax not shown)

2. Payment settlement by bank collection

3. Incoming payment (account statement)

4.   Incoming payment (account statement)

Returns are processed automatically in the following steps: First the system

determines the receivables and payables that are cleared through incoming

and outgoing payments. This payment clearing is then canceled so that the

original receivables or payables are open again. The system then generates a

return document containing the offsetting items for the items in the payment

document. Additional postings, which are required for taxes or charges, are

then generated and the follow-up activities are triggered.

There are different types of returns postings:

• Net returns (returns document does not contain charges)

• Gross returns (returns document does contain charges)

• Charges including taxes (gross charges)• Charges without taxes (net charges)

The allocation takes place using the source document number (note to payee).

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration of Returns

Figure 188: Posting: With Bank Charges 4

1. Debit entry from invoicing (tax not shown)

2. Payment settlement by bank collection

3. Incoming payment (account statement)

4. Incoming payment (account statement)

5.   Reverse clearing (return in subledger account)

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Unit 6: Returns Processing IUT240

Figure 189: Posting: With Bank Charges 5

1. Debit entry from invoicing (tax not shown)

2. Payment settlement by bank collection

3. Incoming payment (account statement)

4. Incoming payment (account statement)

5. Reverse clearing (return in subledger account)

6.   Post expense from bank charges

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration of Returns

Figure 190: Posting: With Bank Charges 6

1. Debit entry from invoicing (tax not shown)

2. Payment settlement by bank collection

3. Incoming payment (account statement)

4. Incoming payment (account statement)

5. Reverse clearing (return in subledger account)

6. Post expense from bank charges

7.   Pass on bank charges to business partner

8.   Raise and debit charges

Step [7] does not take place if bank charges cannot be passed on to the business

 partner.

Step [8] does not take place if you choose not to levy your own charges on the

 business partner.

Levying your own charges for processing returns is optional.

In the R/3 System, postings [5] to [8] are made in the course of one processing

activity.

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Unit 6: Returns Processing IUT240

Figure 191: Returns Reasons

Using activity keys in Customizing, you can define multiple activities to be

 performed in the event of a return. In Customizing you must assign the returns

reasons given by banks to your own organization-specific returns reasons. This

allows you to treat different returns reasons as defined by individual banks in a

uniform way.

Hint:  You can only assign a returns reason to a house bank when you

define the reason for the first time. Afterwards only changes are possible

 but not a reassignment to a house bank.

The activity key is made up of the Company Code, No. of Returns,

Creditworthiness, and Tolerance Group fields.

The returns reason triggers a number of activities. The return reason is used to

automatically determine the general ledger accounts that will be posted to for 

returns charges (and its offsetting revenue account). It is also used for the bank clearing. Two charges revenue accounts and expense accounts (each) are possible

for the clearing of charges.

History days define the maximum number of days in the past in which a posting

may lie so as to be considered in the return history evaluation. If you set the

value 0 then all postings will be considered when viewing the returns history. The

number of returns is determined from the returns history and always refers to a

 business partner and a contract account. (= F1 help)

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration of Returns

Figure 192: Returns Reasons and Activities: Structure

 Number of returns:

Hint:  When defining activities to take place based on the number of 

returns, the system takes the first return that takes place on an account to

 be return number 0, NOT return number 1.

Account or item dunning block: In case of a return, the dunning block reason

entered here is stored in the contract account master record (or in the item if using

an item dunning block) of the business partner in question.

The system determines the new due date for the receivable by taking the document

date of the return and adding the number of deferral days (if an entry is made

in the “deferral days” field).

 NOTE: Dunning cannot be performed on an item or account with an incoming

 payment method of direct debit or bank collection.

Using “further activities” allows you to use additional events (function modules)

to be used. Event 295 (Returns: Process contract account) is the function module

that is used in conjunction with these settings. For example, correspondence could

 be triggered.

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Unit 6: Returns Processing IUT240

Figure 193: Returns Activity: Charging

You can configure charges handling to have all returns fees that are charged by the

 bank(s) passed on to the business partner (“pass charges on”). If desired, you can

charge the customer an extra fee for the processing of returns (“calculate graduated

charge” flag). Charges can be posted statistically or non-statistically (with update

to the general ledger). Default main and sub transactions for these receivables (for 

 both debit and credit postings) are assigned in Customizing (posting area 0111).

The amount limit (total of the return items) must be reached for the currency inquestion in order for lot charges to be calculated and debited to a customer’s

account. This makes it possible to scale charges.

The maximum difference between the return amount of the house bank and the

original payment amount that is tolerated for automatic posting of charges. As

long as the difference amount falls short of the maximum difference, it will

always be interpreted by the system as a charge and posted. If you do not specify

an amount, no difference will be tolerated and posting will only take place

automatically when the return amount is the same as the original payment amount.

Technical note: The standard function module “FKK_SAMPLE_0270” is for 

determining differences in charges.

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration of Returns

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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Unit 6: Returns Processing IUT240

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Configure return reasons, activities, and changes.

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IUT240 Lesson: Processing of Returns

Lesson:

261

Processing of Returns

Lesson Duration: 20 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Process returns in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.

Business Example

Figure 194: Returns Lot: Processing Steps

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Unit 6: Returns Processing IUT240

Processing steps:

1.   Create:  A lot can be created interactively or by a program (for example a

returns lot for account statement returns).

2.   Change:  If a lot is not closed, items can be deleted or added. You can correct

any data for items that have already been entered.

3.   Close:  When a lot is closed, the header data and individual items can no

longer be changed. However, a lot can be opened again for processing. Once

a lot has been closed, postings can be initiated.

4.   Post:  Once the lot has been closed, returns posting is carried out with the

 processing step  Posting .

5.   Postprocessing:  Postprocessing is necessary if the returns postings could

not be performed.

You can use reports to process returns lots. These reports transfer data directly

from either an application server, the bank data storage for electronic account

statements, or from a MultiCash file. They use this information to create one or 

more returns lots and enable users to process errors.

The application server file must have the format specified by SAP - that is, it may

not contain any country-specific formats of electronic account statements.

Figure 195: Manual Return Lot Creation (1 of 2)

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IUT240 Lesson: Processing of Returns

If the “Amount includes charges” indicator is set, all return amounts belonging

to this return lot are evaluated by the system as gross amounts. The net amount

is then calculated as follows: Net amount = Return amount - charge amount.If the indicator is not set, the return amounts are evaluated as net amounts (net

amount = return amount).

If you set the indicator “Charge includes tax”, then all charges relating to this

returns lot, such as bank charges or charges passed on, are evaluated by the system

as gross charges. The net charge is then calculated as follows: Net charge =

Charge amount - tax amount; otherwise Net charge = Charge amount.

The selection categories available here are the same ones that are available when

 posting a payment lot. You can also specify your own selection criteria and code

the function module that is behind it to your own specifications.

It is possible to define a field status definition for the fields in the header of areturn lot.

Delivered selection categories include document and check number. You can

define your own selection categories using event 0255.

Previously returns could not be posted to payments that contained down payments

or postings on account where these items had been cleared again. Using the

indicator “enhanced return processing” you can now reverse the clearing in these

situations.

Figure 196: Manual Return Lot Creation (2 of 2)

Within configuration, defaults can be set for document type, clearing reason,

company code, screen variant, and selection category that will be used when posting a return lot.

If you do not enter a bank clearing account number in the returns lot item, the

system will automatically use the bank clearing account defined in Customizing

for the given return type (for example, bank return, check return, and payment

card return) when the return lot is posted. If you do not know the actual bank 

clearing account number, but you do know the house bank and account ID, you

can enter both and the system will determine the appropriate clearing account.

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Unit 6: Returns Processing IUT240

If you set the “Line item” indicator, then a separate line item is created in the

general ledger transfer document for this line item. This item is not summarized

with other line items (as is the case when creating summary records), even if thereis identical account assignment. This is most often used in conjunction with a

return lot for an outgoing checks account.

Figure 197: Return Processing: Technical Flow

The conversion or allocation of (external to ERP) organization-specific return

reasons to each house-bank return reason is defined in Customizing for table

TFK045D.

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IUT240 Lesson: Processing of Returns

General returns process: Create return header; create return items; close the return;

write history or write error log (if necessary).

Hint:   Technical notes: The following events occur when processing

returns (table TFKFBM):

• 260: Determination of charges to be debited on a contract account.

Passes on bank return charges & additional graduated charges,

if applicable.

• 270: Determination of the difference in return amount and original

 payment amount. Maximum difference allowed is checked.

• 280/1: Determination of the contract account for the first/second

 bank charge, if charges were debited before the actual charges are

determined.

• 285/6: Enhanced account determination after charges were

determined (optional)

• 290: Releases complete return document after it is generated but

 prior to it being checked and updated (prior to call-up of posting

module)

• 291: Submitting of individual document line items after set up

• 295: Changing of contract accounts after posting and implementation

of further activities (workflow, correspondence)

Figure 198: Returns: Customizing

Classification of returns according to bank and check returns.

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Unit 6: Returns Processing IUT240

Definition and assignment of own return reasons to the house bank(s) reasons.

Customize returns and processing activities:

• Charges/debiting of charges

• Deferral days

• Define locks and forms

• Define information for accounting clerk 

• Amount limits, creditworthiness.

• Clearing accounts, revenue and expense accounts, receivables account and

clarification account.

• Configuration of entry lines for the dialog processing returns lots

• Define account assignments for new items with returns: When posting

returns, you can define a mode that generates new open items. You candefine the main and subtransactions for these new items.

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IUT240 Lesson: Processing of Returns

267   Exercise 10: Configuration and

Processing of ReturnsExercise Duration: 30 Minutes

Exercise Objectives

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

• Configure and process returns in FI-CA.

Business Example

You have carried out a number of payments. Due to insufficient funds in the

accounts of some business partners, your house bank cannot carry out certain

 payment orders. Your bank sends you the returns information, together with a

debit charge.

Task 1:

Configuring the returns reason

1. Configure return reason G## (## = group number) using the following

 parameters and activities:

Returns category: Bank return

History days: 30

Creditworthiness number: 5

The returns activities must be as follows:The incoming payment method

of the contract account must be blocked for 7 days for the combination

of company code U100 (U300), 0 number of returns, 0 creditworthiness

and the tolerance group 001 of the contract account. Charges must be

 passed on, statistically booked, and graduated charges must be calculated.

Correspondence must also be created.

Charges must total 5.00 EUR (USD) for a returns amount of 20.00 EUR 

(USD), and 7.50 EUR (USD) for amounts above 50.00 EUR (USD). If the

difference between the original payment amount and returns amount is 20.00

EUR (USD) or less, the system interprets it as a bank charge.

Continued on next page

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Unit 6: Returns Processing IUT240

Task 2:

Enter returns. Enter a returns posting for the payment made by business partner 

PICA0510## (PI0501C0##).

1. Use the following information:

Returns lot: RL06010##

Search term: Returns Group 0##

Currency: EUR (USD)

Company code: U100 (U300)

Amounts contain bank charges: X

Calculate charges: X

Enter the returns item:

B Selection value: Document number from the

 Payment  unit.

Returns reason: G##

Once you have confirmed with “Enter”, the original payment amount that the

system has determined is displayed in the ‘Returns Amount’ field. Increase

this amount by 10.00. Once you have chosen “Enter” again, the system

interprets the difference as a bank charge and displays the amount in the

“Bank Charge 1” field.

Save your entries

Close and post the returns lot.

2. Use the account display to check the update of the returned item. In the

account balance display, also check that the incoming payment block has

 been set correctly

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IUT240 Lesson: Processing of Returns

Solution 10: Configuration and Processing

of ReturnsTask 1:

Configuring the returns reason

1. Configure return reason G## (## = group number) using the following

 parameters and activities:

Returns category: Bank return

History days: 30

Creditworthiness number: 5

The returns activities must be as follows:The incoming payment method

of the contract account must be blocked for 7 days for the combination

of company code U100 (U300), 0 number of returns, 0 creditworthiness

and the tolerance group 001 of the contract account. Charges must be

 passed on, statistically booked, and graduated charges must be calculated.

Correspondence must also be created.

Charges must total 5.00 EUR (USD) for a returns amount of 20.00 EUR 

(USD), and 7.50 EUR (USD) for amounts above 50.00 EUR (USD). If the

difference between the original payment amount and returns amount is 20.00

EUR (USD) or less, the system interprets it as a bank charge.a) In the IMG, choose:   Financial Accounting ! Contract Accounts

 Receivable and Payable!  Business Transactions!  Returns!

Configure Returns Reasons.

Choose New Entries  and enter G## (## = group number) as

identification with Returns Reason ID Group ## .

Define this returns type as “Bank Returns”, enter 30 in the History field

and 5 in the Creditworthiness Number field.

Double click on the “Returns Activities” level in the document

structure. Confirm the information message that appears and select

 New Entries.

Enter the following data:

Company code U100 (U300)

 No. of Returns

Creditworthiness

Continued on next page

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Unit 6: Returns Processing IUT240

Tolerance group 0001

Incoming payment lock contract

account

A

Lock duration days 7

Pass charges on X

Post charges statistically X

Calculate graduated charges X

Create correspondence: X

Double click on the “Returns Charges” level in the document structure.

Confirm the information message that appears and select “New

Entries”.

Enter the following data:

Currency EUR (USD)

Amount limit 20

Graduated charge 5

Select F8 and enter the following data:

Currency EUR (USD)Amount limit 50

Graduated charge 7,5

Select the “Automatic Charges Determination” level from the dialog

structure and choose “New Entries”.

Enter the following data:

Currency EUR (USD)

Max. difference 20

Save your entries

Task 2:

Enter returns. Enter a returns posting for the payment made by business partner 

PICA0510## (PI0501C0##).

1. Use the following information:

Continued on next page

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IUT240 Lesson: Processing of Returns

Returns lot: RL06010##

Search term: Returns Group 0##

Currency: EUR (USD)

Company code: U100 (U300)

Amounts contain bank charges: X

Calculate charges: X

Enter the returns item:

B Selection value: Document number from the

 Payment  unit.

Returns reason: G##

Once you have confirmed with “Enter”, the original payment amount that the

system has determined is displayed in the ‘Returns Amount’ field. Increase

this amount by 10.00. Once you have chosen “Enter” again, the system

interprets the difference as a bank charge and displays the amount in the

“Bank Charge 1” field.

Save your entries

Close and post the returns lot.

a) Choose   Utilities Industry! Contract Account Receivables and 

 Payables!  Payments!  Returns!  Returns Lot .

Choose Create lot.

Enter the required data in the returns lot. In the item data, enter the

document number of the payment from the Payments unit, and the

returns reason G##.

2. Use the account display to check the update of the returned item. In the

account balance display, also check that the incoming payment block has

 been set correctly

a) Choose:   Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and 

 Payable!  Account !  Account Balance.

A new document has been posted with the transaction text “ReturnReceivable”. Select the “Contract Account” button (ctrl + F6) and

check the payment lock in the “Payments/Taxes” tab page.

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Unit 6: Returns Processing IUT240

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Process returns in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.

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IUT240 Unit Summary

Unit Summary

You should now be able to:

• Configure return reasons, activities, and changes.

• Process returns in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.

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Unit Summary IUT240

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Unit 7 275   Clearing Control

Unit Overview

This unit will provide you with an overview of:

• Automatic determination of the use of the payment amount of the incoming

 payment

• Automatic assignment of two items to each other for the purpose of clearing

entry in account maintenance

Unit Objectives

After completing this unit, you will be able to:

• Explain the terms and principles of the clearing control.

• Name the tools for defining a clearing strategy in Contract Accounts

Receivable and Payable.

• Handle special cases in clearing control.

Unit Contents

Lesson: Terminology and Definitions.........................................296Lesson: Configuration of the Clearing Strategy.............................303

Lesson: Special Cases: .... .... .... ... .... .... .... .... .... .... ... .... ... .... ...319

Exercise 11: Configuration of Clearing Variants .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 327

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Unit 7: Clearing Control IUT240

Lesson:

276

Terminology and Definitions

Lesson Duration: 15 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Explain the terms and principles of the clearing control.

Business Example

Figure 199: Clearing Control: Orientation

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Unit 7: Clearing Control IUT240

Clearing categories are defined in the contract account. As a result, you can use

the clearing category to allocate individual clearing rules to different customer 

groups, such as household, commercial, and industrial customers.

If no clearing category is assigned, the clearing variant defined for the clearing

type will be taken.

Figure 201: Clearing Control: Clearing Types

Clearing type 06 (Payment Run) is used in the configuration of the enhanced

 payment grouping. Normally the payment run does not consider the clearing

control.

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IUT240 Lesson: Terminology and Definitions

Figure 202: Example 1 - Payment

One of your business partners makes a payment to his/her contract account without

specifying the payment use in more detail.

Payment must be assigned automatically according to a strategy set up in the

system. The system checks the due date of an item or an item group. It also has to

check whether the paid amount corresponds exactly to a receivable. Only then

can the payment be assigned.

Figure 203: Example 2 - Account Maintenance

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Unit 7: Clearing Control IUT240

A contract account contains open receivables and credit that were posted with

reference to a certain division. In account maintenance, the system has to clear 

items for the same division against each other, taking into consideration the duedate.

The item amounting to 500.00 with the due date 01/01 and division 01 qualifies as

the item with the highest that has to be cleared against the credit of 300.00 and

division 01. In order to do this, the item is split into a sub item of 300.00, which is

cleared by the credit, and a sub item of 200.00, which remains open.

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IUT240 Lesson: Terminology and Definitions

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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Unit 7: Clearing Control IUT240

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Explain the terms and principles of the clearing control.

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration of the Clearing Strategy

Lesson:

281

Configuration of the Clearing Strategy

Lesson Duration: 50 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Name the tools for defining a clearing strategy in Contract Accounts

Receivable and Payable.

Business Example

Figure 204: Clearing Control: Integration

In order to be able to react to differing clearing scenarios, the standard solution for 

the clearing control should not be supported by rigidly programmed scenarios.

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Unit 7: Clearing Control IUT240

Clearing control is used:

• When creating a clearing proposal during payment assignment or 

account maintenance. (Function module FKK_CLEARING_PRO-

POSAL_GEN_0110, processed in event 0110).

• When splitting a clearing amount arising from an installment plan/collective

 bill back into the original items of this installment plan/collective bill

(function module FKK_CLEARING_PROPOSAL_GEN_0120, processed

in event 0120).

• When distributing the clearing amount of a summarization group to the

original receivables that can be displayed as groups for the manual clearing

 process (function module FKK_CLEARING_PROPOSAL_GEN_0130,

 processed with event 0130).

Clearing proposals are determined automatically when payment lots are postedor during automatic clearing.

They can also be requested manually (for example, for manual account

maintenance, for the cash desk, or for the clarification of payments).

Figure 205: Clearing Variant

A clearing variant contains several steps. The individual steps control the

selection, grouping, sorting, and amount-dependent assignment of the open items

for clearing. The steps are executed in the sorting sequence of their numbers, you

can, however, call them up directly according to each clearing rule.

The individual clearing steps inherit the clearing proposal and the remaining open

amount from the previous steps.

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration of the Clearing Strategy

Items that are completely cleared in a clearing step are not included in subsequent

steps.

Figure 206: Clearing Control: Characteristics

Characteristics usually describe a specific feature of an item (for example, item

is a payment on account or item is due) or the occurrence of a certain event (for 

example, a document number is specified on payment).

Characteristics are used in:

• The grouping of open items. Open items that have identical values for the

grouping characteristics in a clearing step are considered as one unit in this

clearing step (for example, all items that belong to the same company code).

• The specification (Filter) of which items should be processed in the clearing

step (for example, only those due, or only those in company code 0001).

• The definition (switch) of the condition of whether a clearing step should be

executed at all (for example, only carry out step if a document number is

specified on payment)

• The sorting of open items. Through sorting, both the order of processing thegroups is defined and the order of clearing within the group.

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Unit 7: Clearing Control IUT240

Figure 207: Clearing Control: Clearing Step

Up to 5 grouping characteristics can be defined in a grouping string. The

characteristics are connected with a logical AND.

You can also define a rule for different grouping for each grouping characteristic.

Depending on each rule, you can define an alternative value for the individual

values of a grouping characteristic. Examples: In order to control two attributes

of a characteristic in a group (company code 0001 = company code 0002), youcan exclude individual characteristic values, and in doing so, items, from clearing

(in the current clearing step or generally), or clearing processing can be limited to

certain characteristic values (such as only company code 0001).

The sorting string controls the processing sequence of individual open item

groups, as well as the sequence in which the open items are cleared within a group.

From a technical point of view, the groups are sorted according to the smallest

value in their sorting string. Example: When items are grouped according to

company code and sorted according to due date, the group that contains the item

with the oldest due date is sorted at the front of the sequence.

If no partial clearing proposal has been made, you may wish to stop the clearing program (enter value “1” in field for  end of assignment ).

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration of the Clearing Strategy

Figure 208: Clearing Control: Grouping Characteristics

Grouping characteristics can be attributes in table “FKKOP”, or can be specifically

derived in a function module (use customer name space).

Figure 209: Clearing Control: Sorting Characteristics

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Unit 7: Clearing Control IUT240

Sorting is generally used when a company is not sure how a sold-to-party will

group his payments, and the company has its own self-defined priority for items.

For example, the company may wish to clear any open items on a certain revenuetype before any additional charges and interest.

Figure 210: Clearing Control: Sorting Derived by Characteristics

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration of the Clearing Strategy

Figure 211: Clearing Control: Grouping by Derived Characteristics

Figure 212: Clearing Control: Grouping String

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Unit 7: Clearing Control IUT240

Figure 213: Clearing Control: Alternative Grouping

You can use the rules to influence the grouping string, and thus the grouping.

The following grouping rules are available:

• “” - group by the value of the characteristic

• “1” - group definition (use if you want to combine several groups to a singlegroup). Any values for the characteristic that cannot be grouped will be

its own group based upon the characteristic value. For example, you are

grouping by product group and there are three possible values. Product

groups 1 and 2 are grouped using an alternative grouping, and form one

group. Product group 3 forms a second grouping.

• ‘“2” - group definition like “1”, except that any non-specified values for the

characteristic all contain the value SPACE and are therefore grouped into

one additional group. Used to exclude certain groups.

• “3” - group definition where any values for the characteristic not specified in

the grouping rule will not be considered for payment.

To enter an alternative grouping (not available with rule  ‘ ‘ ) click the Alternative

Grouping  button that appears immediately to the right of the grouping rule. You

may have to hit  Enter  first.

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration of the Clearing Strategy

Figure 214: Clearing Control: Alternative Grouping

Figure 215: Clearing Control: Sorting Within Groups

It may make sense in certain cases to use both grouping and sorting at the same

time. For example, it could be possible that two or more different groups could

have the same amount due, but one group should have priority over the others. In

this case you sort the groups and not the items.

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Unit 7: Clearing Control IUT240

Figure 216: Clearing Control: Sorting String

For most characteristics, sorting them according to their values does not lead to

the desired results. If, for example, you want to clear charges first (STAKZ = G),

sorting the items according the statistical indicators does not normally achieve

this. In order to get the result you want, you can define a ranking order rule for 

each characteristic. Depending on the rule, you can, for example, specify whether 

a certain characteristic value is sorted at the start or the end of the item table.

The following four values are delivered:

• “” - sort by the value of the characteristic (for example, due date).

• “1” - sort by value ranking first and then by the value of the characteristic.

 Not all values must be specified explicitly. For example, there are 4 items

with values 1, 2, 3, 4. In ranking, value 4 is given a priority of 1st, and no

ranking is given to the other values. Sorted results will be items 1 and 4

(same ranking), 2, then 3.

• “2” - unranked items have top priority (1st), others then handled in ranked

order (1, 2, 3, 4).

• “3” - unranked items have lowest priority (come after all ranked items)

(4, 1, 2, 3).

To enter an alternative sorting (not available with rule “‘ ‘”) click the  Alternative

Sorting  button that appears immediately to the right of the grouping rule. You may

have to hit  Enter  first.

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration of the Clearing Strategy

Figure 217: Clearing Control: Group Rules

Group rules are allocated in the grouping string.

Amount rules ‘ ‘, 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 are used most often:

• “‘ ‘” - no amount restriction (only use when not using a ‘grouping’).

• “0” - clear only when amounts are equal.

• “1” - no partial clearing allowed, but overpayment permitted• “2” - no overpayment allowed, but partial clearing permitted

• “3” - maximum amount difference according to tolerance group. Post

tolerance.

• “4” - maximum amount difference according to amount check group. Partial

clearing takes place (difference is not written off when using a tolerance

group). If the difference between the payment amount and open item amount

is greater than this amount, then the payment will be posted on account.

Amounts specified here are not “added” to tolerance group amounts.

• See online documentation for information on the other rules.

With clearing rule “1”, the system makes proportional payments. For example, a payment of 90 is made to two open items with 100 and 50: The system makes a

 partial payment of (100 / 150) * 90. This means that a payment of 60 is made to

the item with 100, and a payment of 30 is made to the item with 50.

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Unit 7: Clearing Control IUT240

Figure 218: Amount Check Groups

Amount check groups are used in a clearing step to define amount-dependent

clearing conditions. The check groups are used within a group of open items

in the following way:

• In the case of incoming payments, the difference between the available

 payment amount and the total balance of open items in a group that have

already been posted undergoes an amount check.

• For all other business transactions, the difference between the total credit

items and the total receivable items undergoes a standard check.

Amount check groups allow you to specify differentiated amount variances within

which a clearing is permitted.

You must make sure that the amount group does not have the same functionality as

the tolerance group defined in the contract account. It only has to specify whether 

a clearing takes place or not. The amount differences from the payment and

 posting assignment that were determined according to the default values in the

amount check group are not implicitly written off. Depending on the specifications

in the clearing step, they can be written off, cleared or posted on account.

The amount check group is defined according to currency.

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration of the Clearing Strategy

Figure 219: Defaults and Selection Restrictions

In the selection criteria, you can specify for every clearing type which item is to be

included in the clearing analysis based on transaction and due date. You can use

the clearing category, main and subtransactions to specify whether an item is to be

included and, if so, within which due date interval.

You can determine the selection criteria at the following levels:

1. Clearing category, main transaction, subtransaction2. Clearing category, main transaction, not specified 

3. Clearing category, not specified, not specified 

4.   Not specified 

The restrictions are interpreted in up to 4 steps, starting with the specified clearing

category, main transaction and subtransaction and finishing with an unspecified

entry. Normally, the level found first is used. If the system cannot determine any

selection restrictions for an open, it is included ’unfiltered’ in the clearing analysis.

The selection criteria can be used to exclude items with specific main and sub

transactions or to define how many days into the future the system should look for 

open items for possible clearing (Grace Days column). By marking the box NCthis will exclude items with the associated main and subtransactions. You can also

exclude items from clearing in the corresponding clearing step.

Statistical items can be written off automatically in several ways when posting a

 payment to an account with statistical postings on it.

Control data payment on account  allows rules to be set for when posting ‘on

account’. For example, it could be set that any amount over X amount will be

 posted directly to the clarification (interim) account and not posted on account

(payment lot status would be  not posted ).

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Unit 7: Clearing Control IUT240

Program enhancements allow for the use of two function modules, one for the

selection of open-items, and the other for how statistical items should be written

off.

Examples from the IS-U Utilities Industry:

During the account maintenance of periodic invoicing, a cash security deposit

 payment should not be included in the clearing. The clearing category / type and

the corresponding transaction 0020/0010 for the cash security deposit payment

ensure that “open items with this transaction” are not included.

The first new budget billing amount (0050) has to be included in the annual

consumption billing. To do this, a number of days between the system date and

the future due date of an item must be defined so that the due dates that have not

yet been reached can still be included in clearing

Figure 220: Clearing Control: Customizing

With the exception of the clearing category table, the clearing control settings are

industry-specific. Since the clearing types are allocate to the standard processes

and supplied by SAP, every application area is responsible for maintaining andsupplying their standard settings.

In the specifications for clearing types, you can configure the determination of 

clearing variants, selection restrictions, information on payments on account, as

well as the control for writing off statistical items.

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration of the Clearing Strategy

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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Unit 7: Clearing Control IUT240

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Name the tools for defining a clearing strategy in Contract Accounts

Receivable and Payable.

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IUT240 Lesson: Special Cases:

Lesson:

296

Special Cases:

Lesson Duration: 30 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Handle special cases in clearing control.

Business Example

Figure 221: Clearing Control: Account Maintenance (1)

Example: Since a characteristic has not been entered, the open items from

documents 4710, 4711 and 4712 form a group.

Within the group, the items are sorted according their due dates.

The bill credit (30 USD) is calculated step-by-step in the following way:

• The bill receivable for 10 USD from 09/15 is cleared first of all.

• The remaining credit of 20 USD is cleared against the budget billing request

from 12/5. The budget billing request remains open at 40.- USD.

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Unit 7: Clearing Control IUT240

Figure 222: Clearing Control: Account Maintenance (2)

Example: Since a characteristic has not been entered, the open items from

documents 4709, 4710, 4711 and 4712 form a group.

Within the group, the items are sorted according their due dates.

The clearing algorithm produces the following processing steps:

• The payment on account of 20.- USD is cleared against the bill receivable

from 09/15

• This is completely cleared using the bill credit from 11/15.

• The remaining credit of 25 USD can be used for partially clearing the bill

receivable from November 11/15 in the gas division.

• The budget billing repayment request (10 USD) is cleared against the

remaining bill receivable in the gas division dated 11/15. The remaining

receivable from the bill 4711 is still 65 USD.

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IUT240 Lesson: Special Cases:

Figure 223: Clearing Control: Account Maintenance (3)

Example: Clearing step 1 produces the following processing steps:

Document number and due date are specified as characteristics with the result

that the following groups are created:

•   Group1: Open item document 4709

•   Group3: Open item document 4711

•   Group2: Open item document 4710

•   Group4: Open item document 4712 of due date 12/05

•   Group5: Open item document 4712 of due date 01/05.

The following clearing steps take place:

• In group 1, group 2, and group 5 no clearing takes place.

• In group 3, the credit of 30 USD from the division electricity is cleared

against the gas receivable of 100 USD so that a receivable of 70 USD is left.

• In group 4, the budget billing repayment requests from 12/05 are balanced sothat a budget billing amount of 140 USD is due on 12/05.

The second clearing step leads to the following results:

• No further characteristics have been specified. As a result, all items still

open are grouped together.

• The payment in account of 20 USD can still be used for clearing and is

used for clearing the bill that has been open for the longest amount of time.

There is still a receivable of 5 USD.

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Unit 7: Clearing Control IUT240

Caution:  Grouping by due date is necessary because the due dates of 

a budget billing plan or installment plan have the same number. Theclearing consideration should usually take place at the level of the

individual due dates.

Figure 224: Clearing Control: Account Maintenance (4)

Figure 225: Clearing Control: Incoming Payment

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IUT240 Lesson: Special Cases:

The additional grouping according to due date is required because a document

may have items with different due dates (for example, installment plan or budget

 billing plan).

For example, the customer wants to pay the invoice 4709. They can, for example,

 pay the full amount of 25 USD or the remaining amount of 5 USD after taking

account of the credit of 20 USD (doc. 4710).

Figure 226: Clearing Control: Special Features

Clearing Control: Creating Payments on Account

• If an automatic clearing proposal cannot be determined for a payment or a

 partial amount, or if you do not want one to be created, clearing control can

create a payment on account for this amount.

 – An agent can initiate a payment on account (for example, in clarification

 processing or the cash desk)

 – If the clearing variant can propose clearing for part of the amount, the

remaining amount is paid on account

 – If the system cannot determine a clearing proposal for any part of the

amount, for example, if an open item was not selected, the amount is

either posted on account or to a clarification account, depending on

the specifications for the clearing type. The clarification control can

depend on the clearing category and the amount.

 – A posting on account is not created when you request a clearing

 proposal online for manual clearing (post) processing.

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Unit 7: Clearing Control IUT240

Control data payment on account allows rules to be set for when posting ‘on

account’. For example, it could be set that any posting over X amount will be

 posted directly for clarification and not posted on account (payment lot statuswould be “not posted”).

Figure 227: Clearing Control: Writing Off Statistical Items

Write-off statistical items allows for one of three options when posting a paymentto an account with statistical postings on it:

“‘ ‘” - always write off 

“1” - write off statistical items if no ‘real’ open receivables exist: Open items

100 and 15 (15 is statistical). When payment of 100 is received, the 15 will be

written off.

“2” - write off up to the next ’real’ open receivable: Statistical items with a due

date before the due date of the next open ’real’ receivable are written off.

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IUT240 Lesson: Special Cases:

Figure 228: Clearing Control: Clearing Strategies (1)

Figure 229: Clearing Control: Clearing Strategies (2)

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Unit 7: Clearing Control IUT240

Figure 230: Clearing Control: Clearing Strategies (3)

Figure 231: Clearing Control: How Can I Test It?

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IUT240 Lesson: Special Cases:

305   Exercise 11: Configuration of Clearing

VariantsExercise Duration: 40 Minutes

Exercise Objectives

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

• Configure and use a clearing variant.

Business Example

Clearing control maps your company’s automated allocation and clearing strategy.

Cross company code postings often have to be made. First of all, incoming

 payments have to clear other receivables that were posted in your own company

code. Receivables with the company code that is only used for clearing should

have a lower ranking priority.

Task:

Configure a clearing variant G## (## = group number), Clearing Group ##  that

covers the clearing strategy described above.

1. Group the items together based on main transaction and company code.

Select sorting based on main transaction and company code, but make surethat the company code U100 (U300) has a higher priority than company code

U110 (U400) and that the main transaction for other receivables (6000,1st

 place) and for consumption billing (0100, 2nd place) are dealt with before all

others. In addition to this, the items must be put in a sequence according to

their due dates.

2. Create the new clearing category G## (clearing group ##). Assign the

clearing variant G## to the new category for the clearing type  Cash Desk:

 Payment  (19).

3. Assign clearing category G## to contract account PICA0930##

(PI0903C0##).

4. Use the cash desk (transaction FPCJ) to test whether your clearing variant

determines the correct clearing proposal for contract account PICA0930##

(PI0903C0##).

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Unit 7: Clearing Control IUT240

Solution 11: Configuration of Clearing

VariantsTask:

Configure a clearing variant G## (## = group number),  Clearing Group ##  that

covers the clearing strategy described above.

1. Group the items together based on main transaction and company code.

Select sorting based on main transaction and company code, but make sure

that the company code U100 (U300) has a higher priority than company code

U110 (U400) and that the main transaction for other receivables (6000,1st

 place) and for consumption billing (0100, 2nd place) are dealt with before all

others. In addition to this, the items must be put in a sequence according to

their due dates.

a) In the IMG, choose:   Financial Accounting ! Contract Accounts

 Receivable and Payable! Basic Functions!Open Item Management 

! Clearing Control ! Clearing Variants!  Define Clearing Variants.

Choose New Entries and enter the key G## and the name  Clearing 

Group ## .

Once you have chosen Enter , you can select the entry and choose the

Clearing Steps level in the dialog structure.

Choose New Entries. This takes you to the maintenance screen for the

clearing step.

Enter the step number 10 and enter the following in the grouping string:

1. 004 Main transaction

2. 001 Company code

Enter the following in the sorting string:

1. 001 Company code Rank: 1 (order corresponds

to rank order, otherwise:

Character val.)

2. 004 Main transaction Rank: 1 (order corresponds

to rank order, otherwise:

Character val.)

0010 Due Date

Continued on next page

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IUT240 Lesson: Special Cases:

Choose “Enter”. You can now use the “Alternative Sorting” button (to

the right of the rank number) to make the following entries for the

two characteristics:

1. Company code

Characteristic value: U100

(U300)

Ranking: 1

Characteristic value: U110

(U400)

Ranking: 2

Save your sorting step.

2. Main transaction

Characteristic value: 6000 Ranking: 1

Characteristic value: 0100 Ranking: 2

Save each of your sorting steps and the clearing variant.

2. Create the new clearing category G## (clearing group ##). Assign the

clearing variant G## to the new category for the clearing type  Cash Desk:

 Payment  (19).

a) Choose:  Financial Accounting ! Contract Accounts Receivable and 

 Payable!  Basic Functions! Open Item Management ! Clearing Control ! Clearing Variants!  Define Clearing Categories.

Select “New Entries” and enter the clearing category G## and the

name “Clearing Group ##”.

Select:  Financial Accounting ! Contract Accounts Receivable and 

 Payable!  Basic Functions! Open Item Management ! Clearing 

Control ! Define Specifications for Clearing Types!  Define Defaults

 for Incoming Payments.

Select the line with clearing type 19 (Cash Desk: Payment) and activate

(double click) the “Alternative Clearing Variant” level in the dialog

structure. Define a new entry and assign the clearing variant G## tothe clearing category G##.

3. Assign clearing category G## to contract account PICA0930##

(PI0903C0##).

a) In the application menu, select Utilities Industry!  Business Master 

 Data! Contract Account ! Change. In the “General Data” tab page,

change the clearing category to G## Clearing Group ##.

Continued on next page

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Unit 7: Clearing Control IUT240

4. Use the cash desk (transaction FPCJ) to test whether your clearing variant

determines the correct clearing proposal for contract account PICA0930##

(PI0903C0##).

a) In the application menu, choose Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts

 Receivable and Payable!  Payments! Cash Journal ! Cash

 Journal .

Choose the “To Cash Desk” button and enter contract account

PICA0930## (PI0903C0##) and an amount. Select the Post Online

 button. The items allocated using your clearing variant are activated.

Do not save until your clearing variant is correct.

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IUT240 Lesson: Special Cases:

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Handle special cases in clearing control.

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Unit Summary IUT240

Unit Summary

You should now be able to:

• Explain the terms and principles of the clearing control.

• Name the tools for defining a clearing strategy in Contract Accounts

Receivable and Payable.

• Handle special cases in clearing control.

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Unit 8 311   Dunning and Collections

Unit Overview

Unit Objectives

After completing this unit, you will be able to:

• Define the dunning terms used in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.• Configure appropriate dunning procedures and know how to execute a

dunning run in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.

• Submit receivables to external collection agencies, and know how to update

further information on released items.

Unit Contents

Lesson: Dunning - Terminology .. ... .. ... .. ... ... .. ... .. ... ... .. .. ... .. ... ... 334Lesson: Configuration and Execution of the Dunning Run................339

Exercise 12: Dunning ... .... .... .... .... .... ... .... .... .... .... .... .... ... .355

Lesson: Submission to External Collection.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..364Exercise 13: Submitting Receivables to External Collection

 Agencies .. . .. . .. . . . .. . . . .. . .. . . . . .. . .. . . . .. . . . .. . .. . . . . .. . . . .. . .. . . . .. . . . .. . .373

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Unit 8: Dunning and Collections IUT240

Lesson:

312

Dunning - Terminology

Lesson Duration: 10 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Define the dunning terms used in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.

Business Example

Figure 232: Dunning Procedure: Definition

An additional receivables is a receivable, which is caused by another receivable,

e.g. dunning charges or interest. In many cases these additional receivables shall

not be dunned and/or calculated interest without at least on main receivable.

An item not marked as additional receivable in its transaction attributes (a main

receivable) kann be subjetc to interest calculation or trigger dunning if no blocks

are set.

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IUT240 Lesson: Dunning - Terminology

Figure 233: Dunning Procedure: Function

A dunning procedure is made up of individual dunning levels. You make a number 

of specifications for each dunning level, including the minimum amount of an

overdue item and the number of days in arrears to be reached in order for the

item to reach the next dunning level.

One of the most frequently used dunning activities is the creation of a dunning

notice. Other examples of dunning activities are posting interest and charges,

 processing a note for an agent, or starting a work-flow.

Figure 234: Dunning - Example

The dunning level indicates how often this item has already been included in a

dunning run.

The highest dunning level reached by any of the items recorded determines the

dunning activities.

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Unit 8: Dunning and Collections IUT240

The dunning level of an item can also be decreased by the dunning program if, on

the basis of the amount limits, the item would no longer reach this dunning level

(for example, after a partial payment).

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IUT240 Lesson: Dunning - Terminology

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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Unit 8: Dunning and Collections IUT240

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Define the dunning terms used in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration and Execution of the Dunning Run

Lesson:

316

Configuration and Execution of the Dunning Run

Lesson Duration: 45 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Configure appropriate dunning procedures and know how to execute a

dunning run in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.

Business Example

Figure 235: Dunning Procedure: Configuration

The “dunning procedure” is the driver for dunning. You can define different

dunning levels for each dunning procedure. These “dunning levels” determine

the dunning frequency, the calculation method by which the dunning charges are

determined, and how interest is calculated and posted. For each dunning level you

can also define currency-specific minimum amounts and “dunning activities”.

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Unit 8: Dunning and Collections IUT240

You should select “Always dunn. notice?” for the last dunning level so that items

at this level are not skipped.

You can allocate a dunning procedure to contract accounts or for each individual

line item in a document.

IS-U: The move-in/out dunning procedure in the contract overrides the dunning

 procedure after the move-out date in the case of a move-out. The move-in/out

dunning procedure in the contract account is valid as of the latest move-out date

of all contracts for a contract account.

The dunning data is saved in the dunning history.

In Customizing for the dunning procedure you can set an indicator (“do not reduce

dunning levels”), which prevents the system from reducing dunning levels. This

indicator is processed by the dunning proposal run.

Furthermore, for the interest calculation integrated into the dunning run for each

dunning level, you can define how high the interest amount must be to be posted.

Figure 236: Dunning Level - Customizing Example

Dunning frequency: Minimum number of days that must have passed since the

issue date of the last dunning notice.

Print all items: If you set this indicator, all items that fulfill the same criteria

for dunning grouping are printed on a dunning notice, regardless of whether the

item is due or not.

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration and Execution of the Dunning Run

Always dun: Causes a dunning notice to be initiated on this dunning level as soon

as the dunning frequency is reached in the execution of the dunning program,

regardless of whether the days in arrears or minimum amounts have been reached.

Charges: key defining a scheme for determining dunning charges which are

usually levied in connection with the creation of dunning notices and other 

correspondence.

You can use the indicator “Interest before Charges” in Customizing for the

dunning level, in order to make the calculation of dunning charges dependent on

whether interest has been calculated for items due for dunning. SAP provides the

FKK_SPECIALCHARGE_0360 function module as an example of a calculation

of this type. As standard procedure the interest in the dunning activity run are

calculated and posted according to charges.

Additionally, you can restrict the amount of dunning charges, if dunning interest(penalty charges) is charged as well as dunning charges. SAP provides the

FKK_SPECIALCHARGE_0360 module as a template.

Figure 237: Dunning Activities

All activities that were carried out are recorded in an application log.

Application forms from the print workbench form the basis of the dunning

notice. Printout can be controlled immediately in the spool, or in correspondence

management of the print container.

In the dunning procedure (for installments), you can specify an activity that

deactivates the installment plan. After the installment plan has been deactivated,

the source receivables are dunned again.

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Unit 8: Dunning and Collections IUT240

A disconnection document can be created automatically in IS-U. A meter 

disconnection procedure is started for the business partner and monitored using

this disconnection document.

In IS-T you can generate a disconnection file, which is forwarded to the external

 billing system and triggers the disconnection of specified telephone numbers there.

A workflow can be used, for example, to trigger an agent notification.

In the dunning procedure, you can release a receivable for submission to an

external collection agency.

In the dunning run, you can automatically set a dunning lock for the

dunned contract account. You can use the example function module

FKK_SAMPLE_0350_LOCK_VKONT to do this. The module writes a dunning

lock reason in the master data.

Figure 238: Dunning: Telephone Lists

Telephone dunning: Function module FKK_SAMPLE_0350_TEL_ITEM 

allows you to implement a new dunning activity in which the dunned business

 partner is included in a telephone list. A clerk then calls this business partner 

and works through the list. A list like this that has been generated by the

dunning activity run can be forwarded to an external system (for example,

a call center in mySAP CRM) automatically at event 1799, using function

module FKK_TRANSFER_CALL_LIST_1799, or manually using reportRFKKMADUTLTRANF. The call center then processes the list.

The events 9010, 9012 and 9013 have to be defined in order to forward the entries.

SAP provides function module FKK_CALLLIST_CRM_9010 as an example.

Alternatively, the new transaction Telephone List  can be used if a telephone list is

 being processed by several agents. You can find this transaction in the menu under 

 Periodic Processing -> For Contract Accounts -> Dunning . In this transaction,

an agent can flag an item as completed after a successful telephone call with the

 business partner. In order to record communication with the business partner, the

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration and Execution of the Dunning Run

clerk can create customer contacts manually or automatically. In the Customizing

settings for customer contacts, you must define the contact configuration for the

 program context SAPLFKKDUTL.

To be able to provide the business partner with information, the agent can

 branch from the detailed information in the telephone list to, amongst others,

the account balance, objects connected to the dunning notice and a customer- or 

industry-specific function that can be implemented at event 9011.

Figure 239: Customizing Dunning Activities

Dunning activities consist of a function module (such as FKK_SAM-

PLE_0350_CCC) and a correspondence form (optional). It is a key representing

an activity that is carried out in connection with the execution of a dunning run.

Form for correspondence: If this is an activity for creating paper records as part of 

correspondence, you need to define the application form for the printout.

You can assign any number of dunning activities to various dunning levels.

Examples:

• Print dunning form with different recipients

• Start workflow

• Send note to agent using SAP Office

• Deactivate installment plan

You can define your own function modules for standard activities. Example: You

can trigger an activity in a dunning procedure, which informs the contract system

(via RFC) that it should trigger a contract due to a payment not having been made.

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Unit 8: Dunning and Collections IUT240

Figure 240: Dunning Additional Receivables

Each combination of main and sub transaction can be assigned an additional

receivables rule.

The maintenance takes place in the Customizing for the additional receivables.

You can set the exact properties of the additional receivables, depending on the

operational company code:

• Subject to interest calculation (for additional receivables)

• Triggers dunning

• Take into account when calculating dunning balance

An indicator can be set to ensure that dunning charges and interest are considered

with the dunning level, in which they were posted. This is necessary if grouping

is executed by dunning level, and the additional receivables are to be dunned

with their main receivables in the next dunning. Note that a dunning charge can

reach a high dunning level in this way, which would not have been reached dueto the days in arrears up to this point.

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration and Execution of the Dunning Run

Figure 241: Charge Schedule: Definition

Figure 242: Dunning Terminology - Charges

A charges schedule can manage the charges data for a maximum of three chargescategories. These charge categories can be dunning charges, disconnection and

reconnection charges, processing charges, payment document charges, postage

charges, or customer defined charges.

For the charge category, the main transaction and subtransaction are determined,

with which the charge is to be posted (actual or statistical posting).

For each combination of a charge schedule and a charge category, you can set up

how charges are to be calculated depending on the currency, the dunning balance

and credit-worthiness.

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Unit 8: Dunning and Collections IUT240

When you define a correspondence variant, you can assign a charge schedule to

some correspondence types. When these correspondences are created, the system

automatically posts the charges defined in the charge schedule.

When defining processing variants for disconnection documents, you can also

store a disconnection charges schedule in order to post a charge when entering

a disconnection.

Figure 243: Charge Calculation

You can levy dunning charges as absolute charges, or as percentage charges.

Percentage charges refer to the dunning balance.

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration and Execution of the Dunning Run

Figure 244: Using the Dunning Program

Before starting the dunning run, you should ensure that the posting situation is

as up-to-date as is possible, which means that all existing payments should be

 posted and a clearing run executed. This means that you avoid dunning items

which have already been paid.

You can schedule the dunning proposal run and the dunning activity run together 

or separately. If you schedule both runs together, you lose the option of deletingand recreating the dunning proposal.

You can reverse dunning notices from the dunning proposal. If you would like to

have a different dunning proposal, you can delete it, make the necessary changes

in the master data, open items or Customizing and then start the dunning proposal

run again.

A dunning run results in the dunning history and, for example, correspondence, a

note to an agent, a charge or interest postings.

Figure 245: Dunning Proposal: Maintain Parameters

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Unit 8: Dunning and Collections IUT240

You need to enter parameters for a dunning proposal run whenever you want to

create a dunning proposal. Alternatively, you can also define templates which can

then be used to create a dunning proposal run.

The system looks at the “date of issue” and compares this date to the due date

within the document to determine which dunning level is appropriate (see “days

in arrears” in Customizing of a dunning level) and to determine appropriate

charges, if applicable.

 Note 429810 - Structure of Dunning Proposal Run in FI-CA - outlines the key

 points in the coding of the dunning proposal run. You get an overview of the

dunning proposal run. This allows you, for example, to find out the correct events

for a customer-specific request, or to modify the program.

Figure 246: Dunning Proposal Run

The dunning proposal run determines all items due for dunning and combines

them in a dunning grouping.

Hint:  Once a business partner is included in a dunning proposal he/she

will not be included in another proposal run. Only the dunning activity runenters the system date as the execution date of the dunning (MDRKD) in

the dunning header. The dunning proposal then becomes dunning history.

This check prevents duplicate dunning letters in case you postpone the

dunning activity run.

You cannot run a second proposal run over the same items/accounts unless

the first is deleted (go to  Environment ! Delete Dunning Proposal Run).

You can use history modules, event modules and function modules to define new

dunning levels.

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration and Execution of the Dunning Run

The dunning proposal run also takes into account the dunning reductions

resulting from clarification cases in Dispute Management (function module

FKK_SAMPLE_0335_DISPUTE). At event 0335 the dunning groups(I_FKKMAGRP) and dunning lines (I_FKKMAVS) are also transferred. The

allocated dunning reduction amounts are also returned in the C_FKKMARED

table.

Figure 247: Dunning Grouping

If it is possible, all items of a business partner are grouped together on one

dunning notice.

However, there are criteria which dictate separate dunning notices for certain

items. These items are then grouped together into dunning groups on the basis

of these criteria.

The items are used for checking dunning relevance (i.e., amount limits and days

in arrears) per dunning group.

The grouping key enables you to use other desired criteria such as business area

and division in addition to the standard criteria (dunning procedure, currency,

main company code).

You then enter grouping key in the contract accounts for which the grouping

is to be valid.

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration and Execution of the Dunning Run

Figure 249: Dunning Activity Run: Technical Information

Hint:  Technical notes: The following events are used in conjunction with

the dunning printing/activity run:

• 310 (Called within Event 1797) Before the first process interval inthe dunning activity run (set application-specific data)

• 320 (Called within Event 1798) After the first process interval in the

dunning activity run (reorganize or delete application-specific data)

• 330 Event before processing a new dunning header 

• 340 Once all data on a dunning header has been read, you can

modify it prior to final processing

• Any number of activities can be triggered by each dunning notice

(correspondence, work-flows, and so on)

• 360/361/362 Calculation of charges and structuring of charges

documents

• 370 Calculation of interest and structuring of interest document

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Unit 8: Dunning and Collections IUT240

Figure 250: Dunning History

You can call dunning history information using the account balance display

(FPL9) or selecting “Dunning History” (FPM3) from the menu.

In the dunning history you can see dunning activities (charge documents and

interest documents).

On the selection screen you can specify (Selection by Print Date) whether you

want to display dunning notices that have been executed or not executed. This

allows you, for example, to specify that only dunnings without print date are

to be selected.

In the dunning history, you can display a text for the business partner. To do

this you must set the  Read Business Partner Details  indicator. In this case, the

system runs event 0391. As standard, a text appears with the name and address of 

the business partner. With a customer-specific function module defined in event

4700, you can adjust this text to meet your requirements. For performance reasons

you should not set the  Read Business Partner Details  indicator if you want an

overview of a large number of dunnings.

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration and Execution of the Dunning Run

Figure 251: Dunning: Customizing

The dunning proposal run evaluates the execution variants at event 300.

It only makes sense to specify an execution variant if you have defined an event.

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Unit 8: Dunning and Collections IUT240

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration and Execution of the Dunning Run

331   Exercise 12: Dunning

Exercise Duration: 30 Minutes

Exercise Objectives

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

• Create and implement a dunning procedure with the predefined dunning

levels and activities.

Business Example

Configure a two-step dunning procedure with certain preset parameters. A

customer fails to meet his payment obligations. Use the dunning procedure thatyou have configured for the customer’s contract account.

Task 1:

Configuring a dunning procedure

1. Create a dunning procedure that contains two dunning levels with the

following parameters and activities:

Dunning procedure Use a key that has not yet been assigned (e.g.

Z9, X8…), Name: “Dunning group ##”.

Factory calendar Use the factory calendar 01 (German standard)or US (USA). This enables you to set the

 payment target and calculate the days in arrears

according to working days.

Dunning levels:

Dunning level 01 “01 Payment reminder group ##”

Days in arrears 7 days

Dunning frequency 7 days

Payment deadline 7 daysCharges schedule 01

Creditworthiness number 5

Continued on next page

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Unit 8: Dunning and Collections IUT240

Amount limits:

Currency EUR (USD)

Amount limit 5

Dunning activities:

Amount limit 5

Currency EUR (USD)

Creditworthiness 0

 Number 1

Activity R001

Dunning activities:

Amount limit 0

Currency EUR (USD)

Creditworthiness 0

 Number 1

Activity R001

Dunning levels:

Dunning level 02, “Dunning and collection group ##”

Days in arrears 14 days

Dunning frequency 14 days

Payment deadline 14 days

Charges schedule 01

Creditworthiness 15

Determine interest Yes

Interest key 01

Update key 1

Amount limits:

Currency EUR (USD)

Amount limit 10

Continued on next page

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Unit 8: Dunning and Collections IUT240

Company code: U100 (U300)

Business partner: PICA0910## (PI0901C0##)

Start active run: Yes

Activate the log class for Additional information in the Logs tab page, in

order to track all the dunning activities for your business partner. Save your 

entries and start the dunning run including the dunning activities immediately.

Check the additional logs and the dunning history, and make sure the dunning

run was executed correctly. Use the account balance display to check if the

dunning charges were posted correctly.

Display the dunning letter using System! Own Spool Requests.

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration and Execution of the Dunning Run

Solution 12: Dunning

Task 1:

Configuring a dunning procedure

1. Create a dunning procedure that contains two dunning levels with the

following parameters and activities:

Dunning procedure Use a key that has not yet been assigned (e.g.

Z9, X8…), Name: “Dunning group ##”.

Factory calendar Use the factory calendar 01 (German standard)

or US (USA). This enables you to set the

 payment target and calculate the days in arrears

according to working days.

Dunning levels:

Dunning level 01 “01 Payment reminder group ##”

Days in arrears 7 days

Dunning frequency 7 days

Payment deadline 7 days

Charges schedule 01

Creditworthiness number 5

Amount limits:

Currency EUR (USD)

Amount limit 5

Dunning activities:

Amount limit 5

Currency EUR (USD)

Creditworthiness 0

 Number 1

Activity R001

Continued on next page

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Unit 8: Dunning and Collections IUT240

Dunning activities:

Amount limit 0

Currency EUR (USD)

Creditworthiness 0

 Number 1

Activity R001

Dunning levels:

Dunning level 02, “Dunning and collection group ##”

Days in arrears 14 days

Dunning frequency 14 days

Payment deadline 14 days

Charges schedule 01

Creditworthiness 15

Determine interest Yes

Interest key 01

Update key 1

Amount limits:Currency EUR (USD)

Amount limit 10

Dunning activities:

Amount limit 10

Currency EUR (USD)

Creditworthiness 0

 Number 1

Activity R001

Dunning activities:

Amount limit 10

Currency EUR (USD)

Continued on next page

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration and Execution of the Dunning Run

Creditworthiness 0

 Number 2

Activity 0006

Dunning activities:

Amount limit 0

Currency EUR (USD)

Creditworthiness 0

 Number 1

Activity R001

a) In the IMG, choose:   Financial Accounting ! Contract Accounts

 Receivable and Payable!  Business Transactions! Dunning Notices

! Configure Dunning Procedure.

Choose “New Entries”. Use a free key (for example, Z9, X8…) and

enter the name “Dunning procedure group ##”.

Activate a factory calendar and define the calendar 01 (German

standard) (US, factory calendar USA). In the dialog structure, double

click on Dunning Levels and choose “New Entries”. Enter the first

dunning level 01 for your dunning procedure using the parameters

 provided. Do the same in the dialog structure to define the amountlimits and activities for the first dunning level.

Repeat these steps for the second dunning level and save your entries.

Task 2:

Using the new dunning procedure

1. Allocate your new dunning procedure to contract account PICA0910##

(PI0901C0##) and delete the incoming payment method for this contract

account.

Execute the dunning run for May 2nd 2006 and for business partner PICA0910## (PI0901C0##). Use dunning run MAH99 (DUN99) from May

2nd, 2006 as a template for your dunning run.

Use the following information:

Date identifier: 02.05.2006

Identification: MAH## (DUN##)

Enter the following parameters:

Continued on next page

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Unit 8: Dunning and Collections IUT240

Date of issue: 02.05.2006

Company code: U100 (U300)

Business partner: PICA0910## (PI0901C0##)

Start active run: Yes

Activate the log class for Additional information in the Logs tab page, in

order to track all the dunning activities for your business partner. Save your 

entries and start the dunning run including the dunning activities immediately.

Check the additional logs and the dunning history, and make sure the dunning

run was executed correctly. Use the account balance display to check if the

dunning charges were posted correctly.

Display the dunning letter using System! Own Spool Requests.

a) In the application menu, choose: Utilities Industry!  Business Master 

 Data! Contract Account ! Change.

On the “Payment/Taxes” tab page, delete the incoming payment method

and select your new dunning procedure on the Dunning/Correspondence

tab page.

Once you have saved the changes to the contract account, select:

Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable!

 Periodic Processing !  For Contract Accounts!  Dunning Notice !

 Dunning Proposal Run.

Use the F4 help to select the parameter record MAH99 (DUN99)from May 2nd, 2006. Choose  Enter  and copy the run parameter. Add

the information described in the exercise, save, and start the run

immediately with the dunning activities.

The “Application Log” on the “Logs” tab page, contains information

messages that show the progress of dunning processing. You can also

use the dunning history to do this. To get to and analyze the dunning

history, choose Environment !  Dunning History.

Display the dunning letter using System! Own Spool Requests.

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IUT240 Lesson: Configuration and Execution of the Dunning Run

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Configure appropriate dunning procedures and know how to execute a

dunning run in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.

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Unit 8: Dunning and Collections IUT240

Lesson:

340

Submission to External Collection

Lesson Duration: 30 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Submit receivables to external collection agencies, and know how to update

further information on released items.

Business Example

Figure 252: Submission to External Collection Agencies

If a receivable is submitted to an external collection agency, this means that a

customer has not paid a receivable and that the company is not able to collect it.

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IUT240 Lesson: Submission to External Collection

Receivables submission is made up of two steps:

1. Entry of database table DFKKCOLL, in which all

submitted receivables and receivables to be released ( Release for Submission)

are managed.

2. Selection of receivables to be submitted from the DFKKCOLL database

table, and physical

submission of the receivables using report  RFKKCOL2, which creates a file for 

each collection agency (Submission to Collection Agency).

The dunning activity (FKK_COLL_AGENCY_RELEASE_0350) releases a

receivable to an external collection agency. The submission of receivables to

collection agencies is possible for the following items:

• Receivables (also statistical items)

• Credit memos

The external collection agency is determined by derivation rules defined in

Customizing (event 5060).

Submission status 01: Release Receivable is set.

The periodic submission flow (transaction FP03D or FP03DM) selects the

documents and creates a list and/or a submission file (the submission file can also

 be generated in XML format). The following data is updated:

• In the collection agency item (DFKKCOLL): Submission date, submissionstatus (02: Receivable submitted), and possible submission amount, if not

identical to the amount in the open item.

• In the document: Payment block, dunning block, or alternative payer 

(posting area 1054).

Logs, which are listed in the DFKKOPCOLL table by the mass run for submitting

receivables to collection agencies (FP03DM), can be deleted using the FP03DML

transaction.

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Unit 8: Dunning and Collections IUT240

Submission Status

• 01: Receivable released for submission

Release process (dunning, mass release)

• 02: Receivable submitted

Submission run

• 03: Receivable paid by collection agency (event 0020)

• 04: Receivable partially paid by collection agency (event 0020)

• 05: Submission of receivable reversed

Dunning run reversal

• 06: Submission of receivable failed (event 0020)

• 07: Receivable partially paid and submission of outstanding receivable

reversed

• 08: Receivable partially paid and partially uncollectible (event 0020)

• 09: Receivable recalled

Recall receivable

• 10: Receivable paid directly by customer (event 0020)

• 11: Receivable partially paid directly by customer (event 0020)

• 12: Receivable cleared (event 0020)

• 13: Receivable partially cleared (event 0020)

In addition to the statuses delivered by SAP for items released and submitted to

collection agencies, you can also define your own, company-specific submission

statuses. You can use the number range 20 to 99 for this. Numbers 01 to 19 are

standard settings. Under no circumstances should you change them.

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IUT240 Lesson: Submission to External Collection

Figure 253: Submission of Receivables to External Collection Agencies

In the Define Derivation Rules for Responsible Collection Agency  you can define

which collection agency is to be used, depending on the data in the document.

The derivation rules defined in Customizing are evaluated by the derivation tool.

The derivation tool is always called in the  FKK_COLL_AG_SAMPLE_5060

function module when items are released for submission individually in transactionFP03E or in mass release using transaction FP03M.

The derivation tool determines the responsible collection agency in one or a

number of steps from a range of source fields of the enhanceable structure

 FKKCOLLAG. The number of derivation steps corresponds to the number of 

derivation rules you define in Customizing.

If you want to continue using the old IMG activity because, for example, you have

not transferred the derivation to the new IMG activity, define the function module

FMCA_COLLAG_SAMPLE_5060 for event 5060.

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Unit 8: Dunning and Collections IUT240

Management of submitted receivables

• Receivables that were submitted to external collection agencies can bemanaged using transaction FP03. The following functions are available

in transaction FP03:

 – Change submission status (change document is generated)

 – Indicator that the receivables were sold to the collection agency

 – Submit receivables

 – Recall receivables

 – Create list of collection items

Inbound collection agency information

• The collection agency file contains:

 – Collected payments

 – Uncollected payments

 – interest

 – Charges

A RFKK60PM collection agency has completed a collection order and now

forwards a file to the sold-to-party informing of the receivables that were collected,and those that were only partially collected or not at all.

Figure 254: Collection Agency Payment - Incoming Payment

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IUT240 Lesson: Submission to External Collection

When you submit an item, you can create a payment form that simplifies the

assignment of payments to open items. If the file from the collection agency

contains collected payments, these can be allocated to the appropriate open itemsusing the payment form number confirmed by the collection agency

If the collection file contains interest and charges, the system posts these as interest

and credit receivables and they are passed on to the customer.

Receivables that have not been collected and are, therefore, irrecoverable can be

automatically written off if you activate the  Write-off Item Directly indicator in the

write-off parameters of  RFKKCOPM .

Collection charges to be paid to the collection agency can be determined using a

defined function module in event 5068 and posted as payables to the collection

agency’s contract account. To do this, you must activate  Post Collection Charges

indicator in the specifications of  RFKKCOPM .

If the collection agency provides the information personally or in writing, the

 payments, interest and charges receivables must be posted manually. You can

use transaction FPAVI  (payment advice note from collection agency) to enter a

 payment advice note.

Figure 255: Collection Agency Payments: Postings

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Unit 8: Dunning and Collections IUT240

Figure 256: Information for Incoming Payment

If you want to ensure that the responsible processor is informed about incoming

 payments to collection items, the system can send a message when a payment is

 posted. The sample function module FMCA_CLERK_COLL_AG_0020 and the

rule FMCA_COLL_AC (02100019) are delivered for this.

As soon as a payment is made to a collections item, the processor receives an

incoming document which is displayed in the SAP Business Workplace. Using

this notification, the processor can decide whether an item has to be called back 

from the collections agency or whether other steps should be carried out.

Figure 257: Collection: Information for Collection Agency

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IUT240 Lesson: Submission to External Collection

The collection agency has to be informed when items are called back and must

receive information on items that have already been submitted. In Customizing,

you can specify which information is included in the file for the collection agency.

The Information for Collection Agency (FPCI) mass run enables you to create files

for the collection agency that contain the following information:

The master data of one or more business partners has changed.

The business partner has directly paid part or all of the outstanding amount. The

 program writes items with the following submission status in the file:

•   10 (receivable paid directly by customer)

•   11 (receivable partially paid by customer)

Items that the collection agency cannot recover within a certain period have to

 be called back. When this happens the program includes items that have the

submission status 09 (call back receivable) in the file.

The direct customer payment for a previously submitted item was reversed,

clearing reset or a return made.

In the case of a reversal, returns or the (partial) reset of a clearing, the items in

question receive the status 02 (receivable submitted) again. You can inform the

collection agency of the re-submission of items using the information file - as long

as the collection agency was already informed of the customer’s direct payment.

Figure 258: Collection: Customizing

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Unit 8: Dunning and Collections IUT240

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IUT240 Lesson: Submission to External Collection

349   Exercise 13: Submitting Receivables to

External Collection AgenciesExercise Duration: 20 Minutes

Exercise Objectives

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

• Submit released receivables for collection agencies.

Business Example

The configured dunning procedure contains the release of receivables to external

collection agencies in the second dunning step. After the dunning procedure you

submit the released receivables to external collections.

Task:

1. Execute a second dunning run for this business partner from unit 12-2. To do

this, copy your dunning run MAH## (DUN##) from May 2nd 2006 (unit

12-2-1) to June 2nd 2006.

Use the following information:

Date identifier: 02.06.2006

Identification: MAX## (DUX##)

Enter the following parameters:

Date of issue: 02.06.2006

Company code: U100 (U300)

Business partner: PICA0910## (PI0901C0##)

Start active run: Yes

Activate the log class for Additional information in the Logs tab page, in

order to track all the dunning activities for your business partner. Save your 

entries and start the dunning run including the dunning activities immediately.

Check that the dunned items were released for collection.

Continued on next page

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Unit 8: Dunning and Collections IUT240

2. Submit the receivables from business partner PICA0910## (PI0903C0##)

to the collection agency GELDHER (COLLECT_IT). Display the status

information of the submission.

Which changes are made at document level when the item is submitted

to the external collection agency?

Analyze the document changes.

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IUT240 Lesson: Submission to External Collection

Solution 13: Submitting Receivables to

External Collection AgenciesTask:

1. Execute a second dunning run for this business partner from unit 12-2. To do

this, copy your dunning run MAH## (DUN##) from May 2nd 2006 (unit

12-2-1) to June 2nd 2006.

Use the following information:

Date identifier: 02.06.2006

Identification: MAX## (DUX##)

Enter the following parameters:

Date of issue: 02.06.2006

Company code: U100 (U300)

Business partner: PICA0910## (PI0901C0##)

Start active run: Yes

Activate the log class for Additional information in the Logs tab page, inorder to track all the dunning activities for your business partner. Save your 

entries and start the dunning run including the dunning activities immediately.

Check that the dunned items were released for collection.

a) Copy your dunning run from exercise 12-2. Change the date to June

2nd, 2006 and start the dunning run  immediately.

After the run has finished, you can check whether the items have been

released for collection by selecting Utilities Industry! Contract 

 Accounts Receivable and Payable! Account ! Submit for Collection

!  Process Collection Items.

2. Submit the receivables from business partner PICA0910## (PI0903C0##)

to the collection agency GELDHER (COLLECT_IT). Display the status

information of the submission.

Which changes are made at document level when the item is submitted

to the external collection agency?

Continued on next page

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Unit 8: Dunning and Collections IUT240

Analyze the document changes.

a) In the transaction Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable

and Payable! Account ! Submit for Collection! Process Collection

 Items, select the items to be submitted and choose the “Submit”

 button. In the following selection screen, enter the collection agency

GELDHER (COLLECT-IT ) in the “Submit to Collection Agency” field.

Choose Submit Receivables, not ‘Simulation’, and start the submission

with Execute (F8). Once the submission has been logged in a list, use

F3 to return to the collection item processing list. Update the display if 

necessary (submission status changes to 02) and branch to the detail

display of the document by double clicking on the document number.

Another double click on the business partner item takes you to the

detail screen for the business partner item. The collection agency is

recorded as alternative partner for payments (Payment Data tab page).Payment and dunning lock reasons have also been set (depending on

the Customizing settings).

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IUT240 Lesson: Submission to External Collection

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Submit receivables to external collection agencies, and know how to update

further information on released items.

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Unit Summary IUT240

Unit Summary

You should now be able to:

• Define the dunning terms used in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.

• Configure appropriate dunning procedures and know how to execute a

dunning run in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.

• Submit receivables to external collection agencies, and know how to update

further information on released items.

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Unit 9355   Interest Calculation

Unit Overview

Unit Objectives

After completing this unit, you will be able to:

• Know the principles and transactions for interest calculation in ContractAccounts Receivable and Payable.

• Configure interest keys and calculation rules for interest on items.

• Execute interest calculation.

Unit Contents

Lesson: Calculation of Interest on Items .................................... 380

Lesson: Interest Keys and Calculation Rules .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..384Lesson: Processing of Interest Calculation... .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .396

Exercise 14: Calculation of Interest on Items...........................405

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Unit 9: Interest Calculation IUT240

Lesson:

356

Calculation of Interest on Items

Lesson Duration: 15 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Know the principles and transactions for interest calculation in Contract

Accounts Receivable and Payable.

Business Example

Figure 259: Interest Calculation: Considerations

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IUT240 Lesson: Calculation of Interest on Items

Figure 260: Business Transactions for Posting Interest

•   Debit interest:

Interest on open debit items is calculated for the period from the due date to

the interest calculation date (this is usually the current date).

•   Cleared debit items:

Interest on debit items that were cleared late is calculated for the periodfrom the due date to the date of clearing, provided the clearing falls before

the interest calculation date.

•   Do not calculate interest:

If an item is not cleared by a payment, then usually no interest calculation is

to take place (for example, interest must not be calculated for items having

the clearing reason “Reversal”).

•   Credit interest:

Credit interest for calculating interest for credit always has to be posted

as relevant for the general ledger.

Interest is not calculated for allocated incoming payments.

•   Interest simulation:

Interest is calculated for information only; it is not posted.

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Unit 9: Interest Calculation IUT240

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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IUT240 Lesson: Calculation of Interest on Items

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Know the principles and transactions for interest calculation in Contract

Accounts Receivable and Payable.

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Unit 9: Interest Calculation IUT240

Lesson:

359

Interest Keys and Calculation Rules

Lesson Duration: 40 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Configure interest keys and calculation rules for interest on items.

Business Example

Figure 261: Interest parameters

The interest key contains all control parameters for calculating interest, for 

example, the parameters for selecting items and the reference to the calculation

rule.

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IUT240 Lesson: Interest Keys and Calculation Rules

Priority of interest key determination

• An interest key entered in the item has the highest priority. You can enter 

the interest key manually, or it can be determined from the transactions and

entered in the item by the system at the time of posting.

• If interest is calculated for an item within the framework of the dunning

 procedure, an interest key can be stored in the dunning level.

• The interest key can also be entered in the contract account.

If an interest key cannot be determined, interest calculation is not possible.

The valid interest rates are found using the interest calculation rule. Additional

conditions can also be stored in the interest calculation rule.

The interest rates depend on:

• The reference interest rates (optional)

• The analysis period

Item interest calculation is controlled via the ‘interest key’ parameter. An interest

key is determined for each item for which interest should be calculated.

An interest key consists of all control parameters for interest calculation and

interest posting.

• Parameters for item selection

Figure 262: Posting Interest

The interest key controls interest calculation and can be assigned to contract

accounts, a security deposit, individual line items or dunning levels.

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Unit 9: Interest Calculation IUT240

To avoid charging your business partners very small amounts, you can carry out

amount checks per customer or industry.

Interest locks enable you to prevent interest from being calculated on certain items.

You can also exclude certain business transactions (such as reversal postings or 

additional receivables for interest calculation).

Interest can be posted so that it is also posted to the general ledger. Debit interest

can also be posted as a statistical item (in other words, not posted to the general

ledger).

An interest document is generated when interest is posted. Posting interest is

integrated into some business transactions.

In addition to the usual document data, an interest document also contains

information about the basis of interest posting. This information is contained in

the interest supplement. The interest supplement contains the items for which

interest was calculated, as well as the relevant amounts and intervals. The interest

key is retained in the interest supplement. This allows you to find out which

factors were valid for interest calculation and posting.

When interest is posted (via manual posting, installment plan, dunning procedure,

etc) the resulting document contains a ‘source key’ in its header. The source key

identifies the business process that generated the interest calculation. For example,

source key “28” identifies that the interest document resulted from a dunning

 procedure (you can see the possible source keys in the TFK001 table).

Figure 263: Interest Calculation: Configuration

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IUT240 Lesson: Interest Keys and Calculation Rules

Item interest calculation is controlled via the ‘interest key’ parameter. An interest

key is determined for each item for which interest should be calculated.

An interest key consists of all control parameters for interest calculation and

interest posting.

• Parameters for item selection

• Reference to a calculation rule

Figure 264: Interest Calculation: Configuration

Tolerance days (grace period): Minimum number of days that must have passed

since the due date for net payment of a receivable before calculating interest.

If the receivable is cleared within the tolerance days, no interest calculation or 

interest posting can take place.

Hint:  Tolerance days are not taken into account for interest calculations

in the future (such as installment plan interest).

Interest frequency: Interest calculation frequency determines the earliest point at

which interest will be calculated for an item if interest has already been calculated(for example, days, months, years).

Transfer days: Refers to the period that it takes a bank to clear a payment and

 provide the clearing information. This ensures that interest calculation does not

take place on a receivable for which payment is delayed by the bank.

Baseline date for interest calculation = due date for net payment + grace period +

transfer days.

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Unit 9: Interest Calculation IUT240

Figure 265: Configuration of the Interest Calculation Rule

The interest calculation rule contains the parameters for interest calculation:

• Reference to a reference interest rate (dynamic interest rate)

• Fixed rates (static interest rate)

Interest calculation rules: Interest rates are stored per currency and debit/credit

indicator according to date. They can also be based on a reference interest rate

such as the federal funds rate.

Interest calculation can be carried out on a monthly basis. For example, interest

can be 2% for each month.

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IUT240 Lesson: Interest Keys and Calculation Rules

Figure 266: Interest Calculation Rules: Details

The interest calculation method dictates how interest is to be calculated. Most

customers use method “act/365”, which tells the system to calculate interest based

on a 365 day period, although other methods are also available.

The flag for “scale types” is used if the interest rate used is based on amounts. For 

example, you may wish to charge an interest rate of 5% on the first 1000 balanceand then 6% for any balance above 1000.

The interest interval can be set to a day, week, month, or year. In most countries

this indicator is set to “years”. However, some countries with high inflation rates

use “days” or “weeks” (such as Brazil).

• You can round interim interest calculations. Rounding rules can differ and

must be customized.

• Example: Interest is to be calculated on an amount for the period from 01/01

to 01/20, using a higher interest rate from 01/10 on.

• Interest from 01/01 to 01/09: 10.12345 Interest from 01/01 to 01/20:

30.34437

If the amount is to be calculated to two decimal places, the total interest without

flagging “Round interim interest totals” is 40.47 (10.12345 + 30.34437 =

40.46782). If the indicator is set, then the total interest is 40.46 (10.12 + 30.34).

Interest on total amount. This indicator is used in conjunction with the option

“staggered interest rate types”. For example, if the interest rate varies according

to amounts and this indicator is set, then the interest rate used will be applied to

the entire amount. If the indicator is not set, then the interest rate set per amount

is used.

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Unit 9: Interest Calculation IUT240

Figure 267: Interest Calculation: Rounding Rules

Rounding rules are assigned to interest calculation rules in the ‘interest terms’

section of interest calculation Customizing.

Three rounding rules are provided for interest calculation:

• “’ ’” round to the nearest whole number 

• “-” always round down to the nearest whole number 

• “+” always round up to the nearest whole number Grouping of items before

interest calculation

Event 2085 provides you with further, more extensive options for grouping items

 before the interest calculation - provided you have set the “Group Subitems before

Interest Calculation” indicator in the interest key. See the documentation for the

FKK_SAMPLE_2085 and FKK_CONDENSE_2085 function modules.

Therefore, for example, if you use different interest rates to calculate interest on

receivables and payables, you can group items in event 2085 before the interest

calculation and use the interest rate for receivables if the amount of the receivables

exceeds that of the payables.

Using a function module processed in event 2075 you can round the result of the

interest calculation up or down.

If you enter function module FKK_ROUND_INT_AMOUNT in event 2075, you

can round the interest calculated using function module FKK_INTEREST_CALC

according to the values defined in Customizing.

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IUT240 Lesson: Interest Keys and Calculation Rules

Figure 268: Interest Calculation: Additional Receivables

For additional receivables (interest and charges) that are generated by FI-CA, it is

 possible to define interest calculation rules.

The “interest calculation” indicator informs the system whether or not the

additional receivable should be included when calculating interest You may also

specify a specific interest key for these additional receivables for each responsible

company code.

Figure 269: Interest Key: Determination

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Unit 9: Interest Calculation IUT240

The system looks for an interest key in the sequence 1 to 4. If no interest key

can be determined, interest calculation is not possible and interest will not be

calculated for the item.

The system only calculates interest on those items for which it is able to determine

an interest key. An interest key can be assigned to a contract account, items or 

dunning levels. The system normally determines the interest key for each industry,

 but can also do so on a customer-by-customer basis.

Hint:  This hierarchy is defined in event 2000. If desired, you can change

the coding of the event to change this hierarchy.

Figure 270: Dunning Level - Customizing for Interest

You set the “calculate interest” flag if you wish to calculate interest when this

dunning level is reached.

In general, the “interest key” determines the calculation rule and the period control.

The “update key” has three possible settings:

• “’ ’” = interest is only calculated, not posted. An organization can send a

letter to a customer, informing them that they could have charged interest,

 but opted not to.

• “1” = interest is calculated and posted statistically (you do not expect to

complete the transaction or collect the interest).

• “2” = interest is calculated and posted. The general ledger is updated as

a result.

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IUT240 Lesson: Interest Keys and Calculation Rules

Figure 271: Interest Calculation: Customizing

Reference interest rates are used in different application components. Therefore,

reference interest rates may already be maintained here. Date-dependent interest

values can be defined for the reference interest rates in the ’Define Percentage

Rates for Reference Interest Rates’ process step. Reference interest rates are

client-dependent.

Interest calculation rules are used in different application components. Therefore,interest calculation rules may already be maintained here. Interest calculation

rules are allocated to interest keys in the ’Define Interest Keys’ process step.

You must enter the interest calculation rule in the interest key. You can also

allocate other parameters to the interest key.

In the additional functions for interest calculation, you can determine whether the

following takes place when interest is calculated for line items:

• Interest calculation based on net amounts

• Interest calculation for source items when installment plan items are cleared

In the Customizing settings for transactions, you must set the interest transactions,

the allocation to internal transactions, assignment of the statistical transactions,

and account determination.

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Unit 9: Interest Calculation IUT240

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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IUT240 Lesson: Interest Keys and Calculation Rules

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Configure interest keys and calculation rules for interest on items.

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Unit 9: Interest Calculation IUT240

Lesson:

370

Processing of Interest Calculation

Lesson Duration: 30 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Execute interest calculation.

Business Example

Figure 272: Interest Calculation: Timeline

With a function module processed in  event 2065 you can change the date for the

 Interest Calculation To for clearing items. For amounts cleared in the account

maintenance, the due date of the bill and clearing date of both items are used as

standard to calculate the interest. In event 2065 you can use the due date of the

 bill amount and the value date of the payment amount to calculate the interest for 

amounts cleared in the account maintenance.

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IUT240 Lesson: Processing of Interest Calculation

Figure 273: Mass Invoice Processing: Selection

Figure 274: Individual Interest Calculation: Preparation

The default document type and statistical key displayed on this screen are defined

in Customizing and may be overwritten at the time of posting.

The “single document” indicator shows whether or not the system will create a

separate document in the SAP ERP general ledger for this each line item, for 

which interest is calculated. The number of the document posted in FI-CA is

stored as the reference document number in the general ledger document.

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Unit 9: Interest Calculation IUT240

You must tell the system if you wish to calculate interest on debit or credit items.

Hint:  (It is not possible to select “credit items” and indicate “only open

debit items” at the same time.)

By selecting the option “cleared items only”, the user ensures that if any partial

 payments (resulting in 2 sub-items) are made that interest calculation only takes

 place when the item is totally cleared.

In the calculate interest to  field you inform the system the date, up to which

interest is to be calculated.

Hint:   Interest calculations are usually posted using the “interest run”

function and not manually.

Figure 275: Item Selection for Interest Calculation

Green light means that interest may be calculated; red light means that the item is

 blocked for interest calculation.

You can double-click on a red light to find out why interest cannot be calculated

for that particular item.

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IUT240 Lesson: Processing of Interest Calculation

Figure 276: Summarization of Interest Items

In order to minimize the number of interest documents that the system must post,

only one interest document per matching summarization criteria is posted in the

system.

The summarization criteria (fields) for interest items are transferred from source

items to the interest items.

SAP delivers several default fields for summarization. You cannot delete these

criteria. Standard delivered fields include: Company code, business area, business

 partner number, contract account number, division, and so on. You can also add

more fields (up to a maximum of 12 criteria, including the standard delivered

summarization fields).

Hint:  Technical note: The summarization criteria are defined in the

structure FKKIV.

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Unit 9: Interest Calculation IUT240

Figure 277: Calculation Exceptions: Interest Lock

Interest locks enable you to prevent interest from being calculated on certain items.

You can also exclude certain business transactions (such as reversal postings or 

additional receivables for interest calculation).

Moreover an item will not be selected in the following cases:

• If it does not meet selection criteria

• If it is excluded from interest calculation in event 2010. The function module

called up with event 2010 checks whether interest can be calculated on a line

item. In the reference function module, statistical items can be excluded

from interest calculation.

• If it is an additional receivable and interest calculation was excluded

• If it is not due

• If it is not ready as a result of Customizing settings for transfer days,

tolerance days (grace period), or interest period

• If interest has already been calculated for the item for the given period.

In Customizing you define the clearing reasons (table TFK056C) for cases when

the interest calculation is not calculated retroactively (for example, reversals).

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IUT240 Lesson: Processing of Interest Calculation

Figure 278: Interest Calculation: Exceptions

Because interest keys are linked to calculation rules, which in turn are linked toa currency type, an interest document can only be created in one currency at a

time. If you had items in different currencies, the system would have no way of 

determining which currency the interest document should be posted in.

If postings exist in several currencies for an account then interest posting must

 be called up for each currency.

Figure 279: Exception for Posting Interest: Amount Limit

Debit interest is requested if the calculated interest is over a minimum amount

limit that is set in Customizing.

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Unit 9: Interest Calculation IUT240

The amount limit for posting interest is dependent on the company code, the

debit/credit indicator, and the currency. Items are first summarized by criteria, and

then interest must reach the defined minimum level to be posted.

Standard check: Total amounts for all interest for a company code are compared

with the minimum amount limit defined in the TFK057 table.

For item interest calculation you can round items before the interest calculation. If 

interest is calculated on several items together, each item is rounded individually.

You can group subitems before the interest calculation so that a split item is subject

to interest in exactly the same way as an item that has not been split. Event 2085

 provides you with further, more extensive options for grouping items before the

interest calculation - provided you have set the “Group Subitems before Interest

Calculation” indicator in the interest key.

Therefore, for example, if you use different interest rates to calculate interest onreceivables and payables, you can group items in event 2085 before the interest

calculation and use the interest rate for receivables if the amount of the receivables

exceeds that of the payables.

Figure 280: Additional Functions

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IUT240 Lesson: Processing of Interest Calculation

Figure 281: Interest Supplement and Interest History

An interest document includes the structures of a document in FI-CA: Document

header, line items and general ledger (G/L) items. In addition to the usual

document data, an interest document also contains information about the basis of 

interest posting. This information is contained in the interest supplement.

For each interest item, the interest supplement tells you how the interest amount

was determined, including source items, interest period and interest rate. Thisallows you to reconstruct how interest was determined at a later date. The interest

supplement can be accessed via an interest document.

An interest history records the interest calculation period for each line item on

which interest has been calculated. During interest calculation, the selected items

and the interest are considered jointly. This ensures that interest is only calculated

for items once for a certain period.  Interest ! Select line items. Select the items

for which you want to calculate interest.

Hint:  If the system settings for the interest calculation rule or for the

interest rule are changed at a later time, you will no longer be able toretrace interest calculation using the interest supplement. If the rate

is changed for dates in the past, nothing will happen. The system will,

however, issue a warning if you attempt such a change.

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Unit 9: Interest Calculation IUT240

Figure 282: Interest Document Structures and Technical Details

This slide shows some of the technical information necessary for customers that

may wish to add events to standard interest related programs.

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IUT240 Lesson: Processing of Interest Calculation

379   Exercise 14: Calculation of Interest on

ItemsExercise Duration: 20 Minutes

Exercise Objectives

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

• Calculate debit and credit interest for open and delayed cleared items. You

will be able to post interest online and in a mass run.

Business Example

One of your business partners has not paid his bill. You want to calculate interest

for this overdue item.

Task:

Interest Calculation

1.   Manual calculation of interest for debit items.

Calculate the interest for the overdue items of business partner PICA1010##

(PI1001C0##).

Use the following information:

Document

date:

Today’s date

Posting date: Today’s date

Business

 partner:

PICA1010## (PI1001C0##)

Currency: EUR (USD)

Debit items: X

All items: X

Calculateinterest to:

Today’s date

Once you have selected the “ Line Items” function, the system displays as

message stating that the account contains credit items. Confirm the message

that appears by choosing  Enter . Select the overdue items, use the  Display

 Interest  function to display the calculated interest, and post the interest.

Write down the document number: ______________________________ 

Continued on next page

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Unit 9: Interest Calculation IUT240

2.   Mass calculation of interest

First of all, post another receivable to the amount of EUR (USD) 800 for 

 business partner PICA1010## (PI1001C0##). Use the following information:

Document

date:

01.02.2006

Posting date: 01.02.2006

Currency: EUR (USD)

Company

code:

U100 (U300)

Enter the additional data with the New Business Partner Item  function:

Business

 partner:

PICA1010## (PI1001C0##)

 Net due date: 01.02.2006

Contract

account:

PICA1010## (PI1001C0##)

Transaction: 6000 / 0020

Amount: 800,00

Start the mass calculation of interest. Use the interest run from June 1st,2006 with identification ZIN99 (INT99) as a copy template for your payment

run with today’s date as the date identifier and identification:

ZI0## (## = Group number)

Change the following parameters:

Date of issue: Today’s date

Posting date: Today’s date

Calculate interestto:

Today’s date

Create

correspondence:

X

Choose log class  Additional Information in the log settings.

Save your entries and schedule the interest calculation run to run immediately.

Check the interest calculated in the account display.

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IUT240 Lesson: Processing of Interest Calculation

Solution 14: Calculation of Interest on

ItemsTask:

Interest Calculation

1.   Manual calculation of interest for debit items.

Calculate the interest for the overdue items of business partner PICA1010##

(PI1001C0##).

Use the following information:

Documentdate: Today’s date

Posting date: Today’s date

Business

 partner:

PICA1010## (PI1001C0##)

Currency: EUR (USD)

Debit items: X

All items: X

Calculate

interest to:

Today’s date

Once you have selected the “ Line Items” function, the system displays as

message stating that the account contains credit items. Confirm the message

that appears by choosing  Enter . Select the overdue items, use the  Display

 Interest  function to display the calculated interest, and post the interest.

Write down the document number: ______________________________ 

a) Choose:   Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and 

 Payable!  Interest !  Post 

Enter the required information and select the  debit items. Use the Line

 Items function to display the input screen for selecting the line items.

Select the overdue items, use the Display Interest  function to display the

calculated interest, and choose  List ! Post Interest  to post the interest.

2.   Mass calculation of interest

First of all, post another receivable to the amount of EUR (USD) 800 for 

 business partner PICA1010## (PI1001C0##). Use the following information:

Continued on next page

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Unit 9: Interest Calculation IUT240

Document

date:

01.02.2006

Posting date: 01.02.2006

Currency: EUR (USD)

Company

code:

U100 (U300)

Enter the additional data with the New Business Partner Item  function:

Business

 partner:

PICA1010## (PI1001C0##)

 Net due date: 01.02.2006Contract

account:

PICA1010## (PI1001C0##)

Transaction: 6000 / 0020

Amount: 800,00

Start the mass calculation of interest. Use the interest run from June 1st,

2006 with identification ZIN99 (INT99) as a copy template for your payment

run with today’s date as the date identifier and identification:

ZI0## (## = Group number)

Change the following parameters:

Date of issue: Today’s date

Posting date: Today’s date

Calculate interest

to:

Today’s date

Create

correspondence:

X

Choose log class  Additional Information in the log settings.

Save your entries and schedule the interest calculation run to run immediately.

Continued on next page

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IUT240 Lesson: Processing of Interest Calculation

Check the interest calculated in the account display.

a) Choose:   Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and 

 Payable!  Document !  Post 

Mass calculation of interest:

Choose:   Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and 

 Payable!  Periodic Processing !  For Contract Accounts! Interest 

 Run

Use F4 input help to choose interest run  ZIN99 (INT99) from June 1st,

2006  and choose Program Run! Copy to copy it.

Enter the group number of your business partner in the  General 

Selections.

In the Interest Parameters tab page, activate the correspondence.

Choose problem class Additional Information in the Logs tab page.

Save your entries and schedule the interest calculation run to run

immediately.

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Unit 9: Interest Calculation IUT240

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Execute interest calculation.

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IUT240 Unit Summary

Unit Summary

You should now be able to:

• Know the principles and transactions for interest calculation in Contract

Accounts Receivable and Payable.

• Configure interest keys and calculation rules for interest on items.

• Execute interest calculation.

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Unit Summary IUT240

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Unit 10 387   Deferral/Installment Plan

Unit Overview

Unit Objectives

After completing this unit, you will be able to:

• Enter a deferral for an open item.• Create and process installment plans for open items.

Unit Contents

Lesson: Deferral: Definition and Processing .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .414

Exercise 15: Manual Deferral of Open Items .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .417

Lesson: Installment Plan: Definition and Processing .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .420Exercise 16: Creating an Installment Plan .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..429

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Unit 10: Deferral/Installment Plan IUT240

Lesson:

388

Deferral: Definition and Processing

Lesson Duration: 10 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Enter a deferral for an open item.

Business Example

Deferral: Definition

• If the business partner is temporarily unable to settle his/her open items,

the due date is postponed .

• As a rule, additional surcharges, charges, or interest  are charged.

Until the date specified the deferred item will not be dunned in a dunning run and

will not be collected from the bank by the payment program.

Once the deferral date has passed, or if you have deleted the date from the item,

the item can be dunned again and collected.

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IUT240 Lesson: Deferral: Definition and Processing

Figure 283: Deferral: Processing (1)

Deferral can be performed manually in the document change transaction or 

automatically during returns processing. You can enter a deferral date when you

 post the document or when you change the line items in the document. The

deferral does not change the original due date. The deferral date is used instead of 

the due date to automatically create dunning notices or debit memos.

 Document ! Change

Enter the document number.

Choose Goto !  List  and display the business partner items (or choose the

corresponding pushbutton). Double click on the amount to be deferred.

Enter a deferral date (in the field to the right of the due date). DO NOT

OVERWRITE THE DUE DATE.

Save the document.

To reverse a deferral, delete the deferral date in the item (transaction: Change

Document).

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Unit 10: Deferral/Installment Plan IUT240

Figure 284: Deferral: Processing (2)

Debit interest:

Interest on open debit items is calculated for the period from the due date to the

interest calculation date (this is usually the current date).

Cleared debit items:

Interest on debit items that were cleared late is calculated for the period from the

due date to the date of clearing, provided the clearing falls before the interest

calculation date.

Do not calculate interest:

If an item is not cleared by a payment, then usually no interest calculation is to

take place (for example, interest must not be calculated for items having theclearing reason “Reversal”).

Credit interest:

Credit interest for calculating interest for credit always has to be posted as relevant

for the general ledger.

Interest is not calculated for allocated incoming payments.

Interest simulation:

Interest is calculated for information only; it is not posted.

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IUT240 Lesson: Deferral: Definition and Processing

391   Exercise 15: Manual Deferral of Open

ItemsExercise Duration: 10 Minutes

Exercise Objectives

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

• Defer open items manually.

Business Example

One of your business partners calls. He cannot pay his bills at the present time and

asks you to defer his payment. You defer one item that has a small amount.

Task:

Deferral

1. Manual deferral of an open item.

Defer an open receivable for business partner PICA1110## (PI1101C0##).

Use the following information:

Deferral

date:

15. of the following month

Save your entries

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Unit 10: Deferral/Installment Plan IUT240

Solution 15: Manual Deferral of Open

ItemsTask:

Deferral

1. Manual deferral of an open item.

Defer an open receivable for business partner PICA1110## (PI1101C0##).

Use the following information:

Deferral

date:

15. of the following month

Save your entries

a) Choose:   Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and 

 Payable!  Account !  Account Balance.

Position the cursor on the document that you want to change (defer)

and choose Environment !  Document ! Change. In the business

 partner item, navigate to the deferral date and implement the deferral.

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IUT240 Lesson: Deferral: Definition and Processing

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Enter a deferral for an open item.

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Unit 10: Deferral/Installment Plan IUT240

Lesson:

394

Installment Plan: Definition and Processing

Lesson Duration: 30 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Create and process installment plans for open items.

Business Example

Figure 285: Installment Plan: Definition

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IUT240 Lesson: Installment Plan: Definition and Processing

Figure 286: Installment Plan: Processing

With an installment plan you divide source items into several installment

receivables that have a due date in the future or in the past. Once an installment

 plan has been posted, the items of the installment plan and not the source items are

referred to when a bank collection is made, or when a dunning run is carried out.

An installment plan consists of a statistical document with several installment

receivables. The individual installment receivable is cleared upon payment. Thenumber of the installment plan is saved in the source items.

If interest is payable on an installment plan, the installment plan will also have

an interest supplement.

You can use the installment plan history to determine the source items on which

an installment plan is based ( Account ! Other Information!  Installment Plan

 History !).

Figure 287: Installment Plan: Technical View

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Unit 10: Deferral/Installment Plan IUT240

One or more open items can be broken down into a particular installment plan.

The number of installments within the plan, the interest key are defined when

creating an installment plan. The interest key controls the grace period, interest

frequency, interest interval unit, and the interest calculation rule Frequently

occurring installment terms and conditions can be stored in the system as default

installment plans.

If the agreement for payment in installments is canceled, you can deactivate the

installment plan manually. This means that the original receivable becomes active

again and the link between the original receivable and the installment plan is

deleted.

Figure 288: Installment Plan: Document Structure

Installments linked to installment plans are mapped as repetition documents.

A sample business partner item (repetition group) is structured and repetition

items are mapped for the individual due dates.

Legend:

• OPBEL: Number of the document in contract accounts receivable and

 payable (FI-CA)

• OPUPK: Item number in the FI-CA document

• WHGRP: Repetition group

• BETRW: Amount in transaction currency with +/- sign

• OPUPW: Repetition item in the FI-CA document

• FAEDN: Net due date

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IUT240 Lesson: Installment Plan: Definition and Processing

Figure 289: Transaction Flow: Create Installment Plan

Installment plans can be created for one or more open items for an account

(provided they have the same currency).

Figure 290: Installment Plan: Configuration

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Unit 10: Deferral/Installment Plan IUT240

As of release ERP 2005 you can define an alternative payer to the business partner 

for installment plan items. Use the new input field Partner for Payment  to do this.

There you can maintain an alternative payer for each installment.

Previously, you could only define a bank details ID for installment plan items but

not a payment card ID. You can now use the new input field  Card ID  to enter a

 payment card ID.

Figure 291: Installment Plan Category: Configuration

You can create an installment plan category in Customizing, which can then be

used to post an installment plan.

Installment intervals define the length of the intervals between installments. An

interval category defines the interval between installments (for example, month).

Distribute interest and charges to all installments: Definition whether installment

interest and charges for the installment plan are to be distributed to all installments.

The interest and charges are distributed according to the size of the installment.

The individual installment amounts are rounded to a multiple of this amount.

Residual amounts that result from the rounding process are added to the first or 

last installment. The rounding amount can be entered with up to three decimal

 places. If the amount is rounded, the system takes into account the currency in

question and rounds the amount to the reduced number of decimal places.

The installment amount is the amount of the individual installment payments.

The installment amount can be entered as an alternative to the rounding amount

and number of installments.

A charge can be calculated for granting an installment plan. If a charge is entered,

the system automatically posts a charge document when creating the installment

 plan, and adds the charge to the first installment.

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IUT240 Lesson: Installment Plan: Definition and Processing

Remaining amount: A remaining amount can result when calculating the size of 

the individual installments of an installment plan. Residual amounts that result

from the rounding process are added to the first or last installment, or a separateinstallment. If you do not specify a value here, then the remaining amount is

automatically added to the last installment.

Installment plan categories can be used to group installment plans.

You can define an alternative subtransaction for an installment plan.

Figure 292: Transaction Flow: Change Installment Plan

You can make the following changes in an installment plan:

1. Delete installments or add further installments

2. Change the due date and amount for an individual installment receivable,

 provided that the installment receivable has not yet been paid.

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Unit 10: Deferral/Installment Plan IUT240

Figure 293: Installment Plan: Deactivation

If the installment plan has not yet been paid or has only been partially paid, it

is possible to carry out automatic cancellation of the interest document and the

charge document for this installment plan.

Interest items can be reversed. From the menu, select Account ! Installment Plan

! Change Installment Plan. Enter the number of the installment plan and select

Continue! Installment Plan! Deactivate. The system displays a dialog box

in which you select interest document. Choose Continue. The installment plan

interest document is then reversed automatically.

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IUT240 Lesson: Installment Plan: Definition and Processing

Figure 294: Transaction Flow: Post Installment Plan Interest

Interest is calculated for the duration of the installment plan.

Interest can again be recalculated and posted if the customer falls behind with his

 payments again. Example: The customer phones and requests an installment planthat is to consist of 6 installments from Jan 1 through to June 1. However, on

August 1 the customer still has an outstanding balance. It is possible to calculate

and post interest on the unpaid balance that exists after June 1.

It is also possible to integrate interest in the installation plan at a later date using

the FPR2 Change Installment Plan transaction.

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Unit 10: Deferral/Installment Plan IUT240

Figure 295: Installment Plan: Interest Calculation

Figure 296: Installment Plan: Customizing

In the Customizing settings for transactions, you must set the installment plan

transactions, the allocation to internal transactions, assignment of the statistical

transactions for installment plan charges, and account determination.

The ’Installment Plan Used’ indicator and the ’Documents with Repetitions

Are Possible’ indicator must be set in the posting settings  (Contract Accounts

 Receivable and Payable!  Postings and Documents!  Basic Settings!

 Maintain Central Settings for Posting).

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IUT240 Lesson: Installment Plan: Definition and Processing

403   Exercise 16: Creating an Installment Plan

Exercise Duration: 15 Minutes

Exercise Objectives

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

• Use the installment plan functionality in FI-CA.

• Include interest and charges in installment plans.

Business Example

One of your business partners calls. He cannot pay his bills at the present time and

asks you to defer his payment. You have already deferred one item with a smaller amount. For the larger amount, you offer the business partner the opportunity to

 pay using an installment plan. The customer accepts.

Task:

Installment Plan

1. Creating an installment plan.

 Now create an installment plan for the open and due items from your 

 business partner’s consumption bill.

Use the following information:

Business

 partner:

PICA1110## (PI1101C0##)

Contract

account:

PICA1110## (PI1101C0##)

Currency: EUR (USD)

Posting date: Today’s date

Use the function for displaying the account balances and select the required

item.

Create an installment plan with installment plan category E002 (0002).

Start date: Today’s date

 Now use the “Installment plan” function to go to the next screen.

Continued on next page

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Unit 10: Deferral/Installment Plan IUT240

Change the installments here (for example, due date and installment

amounts). When you change the amounts, make sure the total of the

installments corresponds to the source receivable. Do  not  post the installment plan yet. Use the “Calculate interest” function to calculate the interest for 

the installment plan.

Enter today’s date as the date for starting interest calculation. Post the

installment plan.

Write down the installment plan number:

 ___________________________ 

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IUT240 Lesson: Installment Plan: Definition and Processing

Solution 16: Creating an Installment Plan

Task:

Installment Plan

1. Creating an installment plan.

 Now create an installment plan for the open and due items from your 

 business partner’s consumption bill.

Use the following information:

Business

 partner:

PICA1110## (PI1101C0##)

Contract

account:

PICA1110## (PI1101C0##)

Currency: EUR (USD)

Posting date: Today’s date

Use the function for displaying the account balances and select the required

item.

Create an installment plan with installment plan category E002 (0002).

Start date: Today’s date

 Now use the “Installment plan” function to go to the next screen.

Change the installments here (for example, due date and installment

amounts). When you change the amounts, make sure the total of the

installments corresponds to the source receivable. Do  not  post the installment

 plan yet. Use the “Calculate interest” function to calculate the interest for 

the installment plan.

Enter today’s date as the date for starting interest calculation. Post the

installment plan.

Write down the installment plan number:

Continued on next page

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Unit 10: Deferral/Installment Plan IUT240

 ___________________________ 

a) Choose:   Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and 

 Payable!  Account !  Installment ! Plan! Create.

Select Display Account Balances and then choose  Enter  to go to the

item selection.

Enter installment plan category E002 (0002) and specify the start

date. Then select the items that you want to include in the installment

 plan and choose the Installment Plan function. When you change the

amounts, make sure the total of the installments corresponds to the

source receivable. Do not  post the installment plan yet.

Use the “Calculate interest ” function to calculate the interest for the

installment plan.

Choose Save to save the installment plan.

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IUT240 Lesson: Installment Plan: Definition and Processing

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Create and process installment plans for open items.

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Unit Summary IUT240

Unit Summary

You should now be able to:

• Enter a deferral for an open item.

• Create and process installment plans for open items.

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Unit 11409   Other Business Transactions

Unit Overview

This unit will provide you with an overview of:

• The options in account maintenance

• The reversal of documents

• Clearing reset

• Transfer posting of documents• Marking documents as doubtful entries and individual value adjustment

• Writing off documents

Unit Objectives

After completing this unit, you will be able to:

• Explain account maintenance in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.

• Explain the principles involved in reversing documents and resetting clearing

in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.

• Transfer a document in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.• Explain the procedures and postings for doubtful postings and value

adjustment of open items.

• Write off uncollectible receivables in Contract Accounts Receivable and

Payable.

Unit Contents

Lesson: Account Maintenance................................................437

Exercise 17: Manual Account Maintenance .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 443

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Unit 11: Other Business Transactions IUT240

Lesson: Reversing Documents and Resetting Clearing ... . .. . . . . .. . .. . . . .446

Lesson: Document Transfer...................................................456

Lesson: Mark as Doubtful / Individual Value Adjustment . . .. . . . . .. . .. . . . .460Lesson: Write Off ...............................................................465

Exercise 18: Manual Write Off............................................469

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IUT240 Lesson: Account Maintenance

Lesson:

410

Account Maintenance

Lesson Duration: 15 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Explain account maintenance in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.

Business Example

Figure 297: Account Maintenance in FI-CA

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Unit 11: Other Business Transactions IUT240

Figure 298: Account Maintenance: Process

You can select open items in the initial screen for account maintenance. In the

 processing screen, you can change or add items to this selection, as well as include

other contract accounts or business partners.

Items allocated to the proposal from clearing control are already active. However,

you can change the allocation and ignore the proposal.

Figure 299: Example: Manual Account Maintenance

You can have the system automatically create a clearing proposal for you (results

can be edited) or you may create and modify the proposal manually (often

necessary when processing partial payments) when performing manual account

maintenance.

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IUT240 Lesson: Account Maintenance

Figure 300: Manual Account Maintenance FP06 - View 1: Clear 

As of ERP 2005 in account maintenance you can perform document changes

as well as carry out clearing. You can switch between both processing views

in the transaction.

Figure 301: Manual Account Maintenance FP06 - View 2: Change

For the document changes, you can define the line variants with different

modifiable fields in Customizing (structure FKKOP_CHG). You can make

document changes directly in the line item. Alternatively, you can make a change

for several selected lines simultaneously.

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Unit 11: Other Business Transactions IUT240

In addition to document changes, you can also split line items. You can combine

clearing, splitting, and changing with few restrictions.

You can split line items into several sub-items. However, this function is

not available for items displayed summarized. You must first cancel the

summarization. To split an item, place the cursor on the item required and then

choose the function ’Split Item’. The system inserts a new item beneath the item

to be split. The amount of the new sub-item is initially zero. Enter the required

 partial amount. The system automatically reduces the amount of the original

item accordingly.

You can no longer split an item that has been selected for full clearing. If you split

an item for which partial clearing is planned, the system automatically proposes

the partial amount that is not to be cleared in the sub-item. You can reduce this

amount manually, but not increase it. In this case too, you can no longer split an

item for which clearing has been planned.

For new sub-items created, you can make the same changes as for original items.

You can clear the new sub-items either partially or in full.

You can reset all of the changes you have made to an item provided you have

not saved the data yet. Select the required item(s) and then choose the function

’Reset Change’.

To reset a split, place the cursor on the sub-item and choose the ’Reset Split’

function. If several split items have been created for an item, and you want to reset

all of them, place the cursor on the original item and then choose ’Reset Split’.

Figure 302: Account Maintenance: Customizing

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IUT240 Lesson: Account Maintenance

The aim of grouping for automatic clearing is to group the open items into logical

units. The system can then analyze how each unit can be cleared. A clearing

document is posted for every unit that is cleared. The clearing analysis is executedusing the clearing algorithm defined for an automatic clearing run in  Clearing 

Control .

Grouping is an enhancement of the clearing control functionality. In contrast to

clearing control, maintaining a group is optional and only makes sense if you

always want to post the clearing of certain item groups from a business partner /

contract account in an individual clearing document.

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Unit 11: Other Business Transactions IUT240

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IUT240 Lesson: Account Maintenance

415   Exercise 17: Manual Account Maintenance

Exercise Duration: 15 Minutes

Exercise Objectives

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

• Clear credits and receivables within account maintenance.

Business Example

In addition to receivables, one of your business partners also has credit from

a payment on account.

You clear the credit against the receivables.

Task:

Manual Account Maintenance

1. Clear the receivable using the payment on account in contract account

PICA1210## (PI1201C0##) of the business partner with the same number.

Use the following information:

Business

 partner:

PICA1210## (PI1201C0##)

Contract

account:

PICA1210## (PI1201C0##)

Company

code:

U100 (U300)

Currency: EUR (USD)

Posting date: Today’s date

Instruct the system to generate a clearing proposal.

Check the proposal and post the clearing.

Write down the document number: ______________________________ 

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Unit 11: Other Business Transactions IUT240

Solution 17: Manual Account Maintenance

Task:

Manual Account Maintenance

1. Clear the receivable using the payment on account in contract account

PICA1210## (PI1201C0##) of the business partner with the same number.

Use the following information:

Business

 partner:

PICA1210## (PI1201C0##)

Contract

account:

PICA1210## (PI1201C0##)

Company

code:

U100 (U300)

Currency: EUR (USD)

Posting date: Today’s date

Instruct the system to generate a clearing proposal.

Check the proposal and post the clearing.

Write down the document number: ______________________________ 

a) Choose:   Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and  Payable!  Account !  Maintain.

Set the “Create proposal ” field and choose Open Items.

Check the proposal and post the clearing with function  Account ! Post .

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IUT240 Lesson: Account Maintenance

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Explain account maintenance in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.

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Unit 11: Other Business Transactions IUT240

Lesson:

418

Reversing Documents and Resetting Clearing

Lesson Duration: 20 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Explain the principles involved in reversing documents and resetting clearing

in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.

Business Example

Figure 303: Reversal of Documents: Restrictions

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IUT240 Lesson: Reversing Documents and Resetting Clearing

Figure 304: Reversal of Documents

Document to be reversed:

• After reversal, the business partner items have the clearing document number 

of the reverse document.

Indicator: reverse document:

• Reference to the reversed document using the document number from the

reversed document in the document header.

• In the reversal document, an item is created for every G/L. These items have

the opposite +/- sign to the G/L item.

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Unit 11: Other Business Transactions IUT240

Figure 305: Mass Reversal: Parameters

Figure 306: Negative Postings

A negative posting reduces the transaction figures for the account posted to in the

general ledger. A debit posting as negative posting therefore does not lead to

an increase of the debit transaction figures; it leads to a reduction of the credit

transaction figures. This enables you to show transaction figures for accounts after 

an incorrect posting and subsequent correction (for example, invoice posting and

reversal) as if neither the incorrect posting nor the correction had taken place.

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IUT240 Lesson: Reversing Documents and Resetting Clearing

 Negative postings have been supported in the general ledger (FI-GL) for a long

time. You decide whether to permit negative postings at company code level. The

corresponding setting in the company code table is also effective for ContractAccounts Receivable and Payable.

In addition, in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable, the document type

decides whether a posting is to be posted negatively. You can designate a

document type such that negative postings are always created, or such that

negative postings are only created for corrections in the same fiscal year. For more

information about the setting for the document type, see the Customizing for the

document types and the field documentation for the field  Negative Posting .

A description of negative postings for the most important business transaction

follows:

•   Reversal

 – For a reversal, the document type used decides:

 – Whether a negative posting is never permitted

 – Whether a negative posting is always permitted

 – That a negative posting is created if the posting and reversal are in

the same fiscal year 

 – A special feature is that the items in the reversal document for which the

account to be posted to has been swapped in comparison to the original

document are not posted negatively. This can be the case for aperiodic

reversals (swap of P&L accounts) or for posting incoming payments

where the reversal is used to post back to the clarification account.

•   Resetting Clearing

 – After resetting clearing, all accounts should appear as if the clearing

had not taken place. This means that the inverse posting of cash

discount, small differences, exchange rate differences, and taxes that

were posted due to the clearing are to be posted negatively. The display

in the receivables accounts is retained.

 –    Example

 – You reset clearing for a payment received. After the clearing reset, the

 payment with clearing of open items becomes a type of payment on

account again, which means that the credit from the payment is an openitem in the receivables account. From the view of the account balance

in the receivables account, it is irrelevant whether there was a payment

on account or whether items were cleared.

•   Returns

 – Returns should be treated like reversals. The first item in a returns

clearing account is, however, never posted negatively; the same applies

to returns charges.

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Unit 11: Other Business Transactions IUT240

 –    Individual Identification of Individual Posting Items If you want to

 post a document for which negative postings are required for all items

manually, all you have to do is select an appropriate document type.However, if you only want to post individual items negatively, you

have to enter the entire transaction in two documents.

 –    Example

Transfer posting from an incorrect G/L account to the correct G/L

account. The reset in the incorrect G/L account should be posted

negatively, the posting to the correct account not. First enter a negative

 posting: Clearing account to incorrect G/L account. Then a “normal”

 posting: Correct G/L account to clearing account.

•   Payments on Account

If, on receipt of payment, you first post on account instead of clearingimmediately and then carry out clearing later, (for example, via account

maintenance or during processing of a subsequent payment), the debit and

credit side of the receivables account increases by the amount of the payment

on account. If you want to avoid this effect, make sure that every clearing of 

a posting on account is posted negatively. To do this, you have to indicate in

Customizing for the main and subtransaction used for payments on account

that each clearing of this item is to be posted negatively.

You make the setting for the company code (negative postings possible) in the

Implementation Guide for  Financial Accounting  under  Financial Accounting 

Global Settings! Company Code! Check and Supplement Global Parameters.

You make the setting for the document type in the Implementation Guide for 

Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable under  Basic Functions!  Postings

and Documents!  Document !  Maintain Document Account Assignments!

 Document Types! Maintain Document Types and Assign Number Ranges.

The main and subtransactions that you want to define for a negative clearing

(example: Payments on Account) are in the Implementation Guide for Contract

Accounts Receivable and Payable under  Basic Functions!  Postings and 

 Documents!  Document !  Maintain Document Account Assignments !

 Maintain Subtransactions.

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IUT240 Lesson: Reversing Documents and Resetting Clearing

Figure 307: Negative Postings: Example

Figure 308: Negative Postings: Payment on Account

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Unit 11: Other Business Transactions IUT240

Figure 309: Clearing Reset

When you reset the clearing, you reopen the paid item.

In addition, a credit item is created automatically. The credit transaction, such as a

 payment on account, is defined in Customizing.

If you reset clearing that resulted from a payment to a customer, a debit transaction

must be defined in Customizing so that the system can create a receivable for the

 business partner who received the payment.

Instead of the resetting the complete clearing, you can also reset parts of clearing.

Clearing reset can be set for every combination of the following data that occurs

during clearing:

• Business partner 

• Contract account

• Contract

• Company code

• Business area

• Division

• Collective bill number 

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IUT240 Lesson: Reversing Documents and Resetting Clearing

Figure 310: Reverse / Reset Clearing: Customizing

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Unit 11: Other Business Transactions IUT240

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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IUT240 Lesson: Reversing Documents and Resetting Clearing

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Explain the principles involved in reversing documents and resetting clearing

in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.

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Unit 11: Other Business Transactions IUT240

Lesson:

427

Document Transfer 

Lesson Duration: 15 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Transfer a document in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.

Business Example

Figure 311: Document Transfer 

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IUT240 Lesson: Document Transfer  

You can only transfer open receivables or credits. You can transfer the following:

• Individual items - receivables and credit

• All items of a business partner 

• All items of a contract account

• All items of a contract

• Items that are still contained in an installment plan. Existing installment

 plans are automatically deactivated and a new installment plan is created for 

the amount of the source receivable(s) still open.

• Items that belong to a collective bill. The collective bill is automatically

updated.

The transfer posting document can be reversed.

When transfer posting a customer account, you can allocate documents thatalready refer to contracts (account assignment) to a target contract account without

having to specify a target contract. In doing so the transfer posting document is

not longer assigned to a contract. Contracts should not already be allocated to the

target contract account.

Figure 312: Transfers - Customizing

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Unit 11: Other Business Transactions IUT240

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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IUT240 Lesson: Document Transfer  

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Transfer a document in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.

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Unit 11: Other Business Transactions IUT240

Lesson:

430

Mark as Doubtful / Individual Value Adjustment

Lesson Duration: 20 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Explain the procedures and postings for doubtful postings and value

adjustment of open items.

Business Example

Figure 313: Mark as Doubtful / Individual Value Adjustment

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IUT240 Lesson: Mark as Doubtful / Individual Value Adjustment

Figure 314: Mark as Doubtful/Individual Value Adjustment: Posting

Posting records:

1. Bill creation

2. Post incoming payment in general ledger accounting (bank statement)

3. Post payment in sub-ledger accounting and allocate the payment

4. Mark the receivable as doubtful5. Individual value adjustment

Steps 4 and 5 generate FI-CA documents that are only relevant for General Ledger 

Accounting. This means that they do not have any business partner items.

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Unit 11: Other Business Transactions IUT240

Figure 315: Mark as Doubtful/Individual Value Adjustment: Customizing

Exceptions for Adjustment: In this activity you define, for each application area,

the main and subtransactions that create postings that you want to exclude from a

doubtful entry or value adjustment. You can define the scope of the exception as

follows:

• Manual doubtful entry or value adjustment

• Automatic doubtful entry or value adjustment

• Manual and automatic doubtful entry or value adjustment

User Exits: In this activity you can define methods to be used for making value

adjustments for the items. You can enter the method on the initial screen for 

the Adjust receivables according to age mass activity. You must define the

special features for the methods in event 2950. In this event you can implement

customer-specific checks as well as value adjustment methods.

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IUT240 Lesson: Mark as Doubtful / Individual Value Adjustment

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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Unit 11: Other Business Transactions IUT240

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Explain the procedures and postings for doubtful postings and value

adjustment of open items.

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IUT240 Lesson: Write Off  

Lesson:

434

Write Off 

Lesson Duration: 15 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Write off uncollectible receivables in Contract Accounts Receivable and

Payable.

Business Example

Figure 316: Manual Write Off: Process

With the appropriate authorization, you can set the indicator that determines that

the check rules are not used.

Open items can be written off completely, or, partially if the customer is to be

let off part of his or her open items. You can specify the partial amount to be

written off in the Write Off Items  transaction. Partial write-offs must be explicitly

 permitted in Customizing along with a write-off reason. When an item is written

off, the written-off document items are cleared and a write-off document is

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Unit 11: Other Business Transactions IUT240

created. The system automatically posts the expense or revenue accounts defined

in Customizing. Write-off documents can be reversed. If this is done, receivables

or payables are open again.

You must define rules for adjusting tax during write-offs. If the posted expense

account is tax-relevant, the system also adjusts the posted tax during write-off.

Figure 317: Write Off: Posting 1

Posting records:

1. Bill creation

2. Post incoming payment in general ledger accounting

3. Post payment in sub-ledger accounting and allocate the payment

4. Write off the open item

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IUT240 Lesson: Write Off  

Figure 318: Write Off: Posting 2

Posting records:

1. Bill creation

2. Post incoming payment in general ledger accounting (bank statement)

3. Post payment in sub-ledger accounting and allocate the payment

4. Mark the receivable as doubtful5. Individual value adjustment

Steps 4 and 5 generate FI-CA documents that are only relevant for

General Ledger Accounting. This means that they do not have any

business partner items.

6. Write off the open item

7. Reset doubtful entry

8. Reset IVA

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Unit 11: Other Business Transactions IUT240

Figure 319: Write-Off History

Write-off history is automatically updated during write-off. It can also be

automatically updated during mass write-off depending on authorization. The

reversal of a write-off document is also recorded in the write-off history.

Figure 320: Write Off: Customizing

You should only enter an execution variant if the event 5015 has been defined.

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IUT240 Lesson: Write Off  

439   Exercise 18: Manual Write Off 

Exercise Duration: 15 Minutes

Exercise Objectives

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

• Write off receivables that cannot be collected.

Business Example

The remaining receivables for the business partner have to be written off later.

Task:Writing off receivables

1. Once account maintenance has been executed, you determine that another 

receivable from business partner PICA1210## (PI1201C0##) cannot be

collected.

Use the following information:

Business

 partner:

PICA1210## (PI1201C0##)

Contractaccount: PICA1210## (PI1201C0##)

Posting date: Today’s date

Currency: EUR (USD)

Clearing

reason:

04

Write-off 

reason:

04 “Uncollectible”

Write off the receivable.

Write down the document number of the write-off document:

 ______________________________________________ 

2. Check the write-off in the account display and navigate to the write-off 

history.

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Unit 11: Other Business Transactions IUT240

Solution 18: Manual Write Off 

Task:

Writing off receivables

1. Once account maintenance has been executed, you determine that another 

receivable from business partner PICA1210## (PI1201C0##) cannot be

collected.

Use the following information:

Business

 partner:

PICA1210## (PI1201C0##)

Contractaccount:

PICA1210## (PI1201C0##)

Posting date: Today’s date

Currency: EUR (USD)

Clearing

reason:

04

Write-off 

reason:

04 “Uncollectible”

Write off the receivable.

Write down the document number of the write-off document:

 ______________________________________________ 

a) Choose:   Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and 

 Payable!  Account ! Write Off Items

 Maintain the input fields as described in the exercise:

.......

Write-off reason: 04 “Uncollectible”

.......

Choosing Enter  takes you to the selection screen in which you can

select the receivables for write off and choose the appropriate icon to

write them off. Choose Save to execute the write-off.

Continued on next page

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IUT240 Lesson: Write Off  

2. Check the write-off in the account display and navigate to the write-off 

history.

a) Choose:   Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and 

 Payable!  Account !  Account Balance with a list variant that also

displays cleared items.

Choose Environment !  Account !Write-offs to display information

for the write-off history.

Alternatively, you can display this information using the following

 path:

Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable!

 Account !  Further Information!Write-Off History

Select your business partner and choose  Execute to start the analysis.

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Unit 11: Other Business Transactions IUT240

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Write off uncollectible receivables in Contract Accounts Receivable and

Payable.

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IUT240 Unit Summary

Unit Summary

You should now be able to:

• Explain account maintenance in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.

• Explain the principles involved in reversing documents and resetting clearing

in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.

• Transfer a document in Contract Accounts Receivable and Payable.

• Explain the procedures and postings for doubtful postings and value

adjustment of open items.

• Write off uncollectible receivables in Contract Accounts Receivable and

Payable.

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Unit Summary IUT240

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Unit 12 445   Security Deposits

Unit Overview

This unit will provide you with an overview of:

• The request for cash and non-cash security deposits

• Non-cash security deposits

• The request, payment and settlement of cash security deposits

Unit Objectives

After completing this unit, you will be able to:

• Explain how cash and non-cash security deposits are processed in Contract

Accounts Receivable and Payable.

• Request and settle cash security deposits.

Unit Contents

Lesson: Cash and Non-Cash Security Deposits............................476

Lesson: Request, Payment and Settlement of Cash Security Deposits.481Exercise 19: Processing Cash Security Deposits. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .491

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Unit 12: Security Deposits IUT240

Lesson:

446

Cash and Non-Cash Security Deposits

Lesson Duration: 10 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Explain how cash and non-cash security deposits are processed in Contract

Accounts Receivable and Payable.

Business Example

You assess the credit rating of your business partner such, that you agree on cash

security deposits for this business partner.

• A request for cash security deposit is created for the business partner inthe system.

• After the incoming payment, the request for cash security deposit is cleared

and accounted for as a down payment.

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IUT240 Lesson: Cash and Non-Cash Security Deposits

Figure 321: Security Deposits

The system supports the request and handling of cash and non-cash securities of 

 business partners.

 Non-cash security deposits can be bank guarantees, mortgage bonds, or savings

accounts that are stored as security deposits.

Cash security deposits are managed as payables, which can be settled according

to certain criteria.

Requests for cash security deposits, or changes to cash security deposits, can

take place automatically when registering a business partner in IS-U move-in

 processing, or by using a function module in event 1025 when changing the

 payment method in the contract account.

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Unit 12: Security Deposits IUT240

Figure 322: Cash security deposits

In IS-U, a cash security deposit is cleared with the final bill. Otherwise, cash

security deposits can be paid out or cleared as long as the cash security deposit is

released. The program RFKK_SECURITY_RELEASE is available for releasing

security deposits (menu:   Periodic Processing !  For Contract Accounts!

Security Deposits!  Release). Non-cash security deposits can be returned or 

cashed. Non-cash security deposits can be returned or cashed.

Interest must be calculated for cash security deposits.

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IUT240 Lesson: Cash and Non-Cash Security Deposits

Facilitated Discussion

Discussion Questions

Use the following questions to engage the participants in the discussion. Feel free

to use your own additional questions.

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Unit 12: Security Deposits IUT240

Lesson Summary

You should now be able to:• Explain how cash and non-cash security deposits are processed in Contract

Accounts Receivable and Payable.

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IUT240 Lesson: Request, Payment and Settlement of Cash Security Deposits

Lesson:

449

Request, Payment and Settlement of Cash Security

DepositsLesson Duration: 40 Minutes

Lesson Overview

Lesson Objectives

After completing this lesson, you will be able to:

• Request and settle cash security deposits.

Business Example

Figure 323: Request Cash Security Deposit

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Unit 12: Security Deposits IUT240

SAP Menu:  Account ! Security Deposit ! Create

1. The cash security deposit is created either manually or automatically in the

Utilities Industry component when a move-in is entered in the system. The

cash security deposit has the status  Requested . A request document is a

statistical document with a document header and a line item

Using the function module FKK_EVENT_0820_PAYMFORM_DET, you

can create a payment form number automatically when you create a cash

security deposit request.

2. As long as the request document has not yet been cleared, you can reverse

the security deposit. A deposit that has been reversed cannot be used again.

3. If you receive a (partial) cash security deposit payment and this clears

the request document either completely or partially, the status changes to

(Partially) Paid .

4. When the valid for date is reached, or when an early manual release occurs,

the status changes to Released .

5. If the cash security deposit payment is cleared by repayment or settlement

against open receivables, the end status  Returned  is reached.

In the menu under  Periodic Processing ! For Contract Accounts! Security

 Deposits! Release, you can use the report RFKK_SECURITY_RELEASE

to release the securities.

1. Non-cash security deposits are created manually. When you save the security

deposit, the status  Requested  is given.

Further processing is triggered by changing the status. For non-cash deposits,

you can define the status in Customizing. For each change of status, a BOR 

event is triggered; this can start a workflow, whereby you have to model

your own workflows.

2. 2.You can display an overview of all security deposits. To do this, choose

one of the following paths:

Roles:  Cash Security Deposits/Security Deposits  (SAP_FI_CA_CASH_DE-

POSIT)! Security Deposit Statistics Report 

SAP Menu:   Periodic Processing !  For Contract Accounts! Security

 Deposits! Statistics

You can select using the following criteria:

Start date

Return date

Cash security deposits

 Non-cash security deposits

Status of security deposits in the case of non-cash security deposits

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IUT240 Lesson: Request, Payment and Settlement of Cash Security Deposits

For event 0860, you can define follow-on actions for security deposits that

meet certain criteria. For example, that a clerk retrieves a non-cash security

deposit from storage if the return date is reached within the next week.

Figure 324: Process Security Deposit

SAP menu:  Account ! Security Deposit !  Display or Change

Enter the number of the security deposit required and select Continue.

The following table lists the functions available when changing or displaying a

security deposit.

Functions with Display

and Change

Menu path Important information

Print notification   Environment !  Form

 Printing 

A request form is printed

as sample

Functions only with

Change

Reverse   Edit !  Reverse   A deposit that has been

reversed cannot be used

again.

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Unit 12: Security Deposits IUT240

Functions with Display

and Change

Menu path Important information

Release cash deposit   Edit !  Release   The clearing restriction

of the cash security

deposit payment is

removed. This means

that the payment can now

 be cleared.

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IUT240 Lesson: Request, Payment and Settlement of Cash Security Deposits

Functions with Display

and Change

Menu path Important information

Release cash security

deposit in part

 Edit !  Release Partially   You can offset the

released portion or pay it

out if a payment method

is defined in the partial

release. Prerequisite for 

 partial release:The status

must be either  Paid  or 

 Released Partially.

Change amount of cash

security

 Edit ! Clear Remaining 

 Receivable!Clear New

 Receivable

You can subsequently

reduce the amount of the

cash security deposit

receivable deposit

using the  Remaining 

 Receivable function, or 

increase it using the New

 Receivable  function.

In the case of the  New

 Receivable, part of the

original receivable is

written off, in the second

case a new cash security

deposit receivable is

 posted with reference toan existing cash security,

 provided that this has

not been reversed or 

released. The Clear 

 Remaining Receivable

function refers to all cash

security requests in the

contract that are still

open. A release means

that all security deposits

are released.Post new receivable   Edit !  New Receivable   Instead of creating a new

security deposit, you can

 post a new receivable.

You can define the same

amount of information

(such as request reason)

as is the case when

creating a new security

deposit.

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Unit 12: Security Deposits IUT240

Activities

If you want to automatically release and create cash security deposits when the

 payment method in the contract account changes, define an installation-specific

function module for event 1025 in the Implementation Guide for Contract

Accounts Receivable and Payable under  Program Enhancements !  Define

Customer-Specific Function Modules. To do this, copy the function module

FKK_EVENT_1025_DEPOSIT_CHANGE and adjust the copy to meet your 

requirements, for example, the amount of the cash security deposit requested, the

currency, the request reason, and the reversal reason.

Example

If a direct payer changes his payment method to bank collection, all of the cash

security deposits in the contract account of the business partner are released

automatically, since there is no longer any reason to retain the security deposit.

However, if a business partner who has previously paid his receivables by bank 

collection becomes a direct payer, you can automatically request a cash security

deposit.

Figure 325: Release Security Deposit

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IUT240 Lesson: Request, Payment and Settlement of Cash Security Deposits

Figure 326: Security Deposits: Posting (1)

[1] Posting the request for the cash security deposit in FI-CA:

• The cash security deposit is posted statistically so that no transaction relevant

to the general ledger is generated.

• A notification containing the requested amount, the terms and methods of 

 payment, etc. can be generated.

Figure 327: Security Deposits: Posting (2)

[2] Posting incoming payment in FI. The business partner pays by bank transfer.

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Unit 12: Security Deposits IUT240

Figure 328: Security Deposits: Posting (3)

[3] Allocation of the payment in FI-CA and FI. When payment is allocated to the

request for the cash security deposit, credit corresponding to the payment amount

is posted. The statistical request is cleared.

Figure 329: Security Deposits: Posting (4)

[4] Posting an IS-U final bill in FI-CA and FI with settlement of the payable

resulting from the payment of the cash security deposit. In this example, the

remaining amount after settlement is 66,-.

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IUT240 Lesson: Request, Payment and Settlement of Cash Security Deposits

Figure 330: Interest for Cash Security Deposits

The way in which the interest key for a cash security payment is determined differs

to the standard way of calculating interest on items:

• If an interest key is specified in a payment, this is the one that applies.

• If no interest key is specified in a payment, the system tries to determine a

key from the relevant security deposit. If no interest key can be found, no

interest calculation takes place.

An interest lock at the level of contract account-dependent data is not considered

during the calculation of interest on cash security deposits.

To calculate interest on individual cash security deposit payments, choose one

of the following paths:

• SAP menu:   Account ! Security Deposit !  Interest CalculationThe

 procedure is similar to posting debit and credit interest.

• SAP Menu:  Periodic Processing ! Security Deposits! Calculation of   

 Interest on Cash Security Deposits

You can display cash security deposit interest that has been posted in the securitydeposit maintenance.

In the menu under  Environment !  Interest Calculation List , you can display an

overview for the interest run.

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Unit 12: Security Deposits IUT240

Figure 331: Security Deposits: Customizing

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IUT240 Lesson: Request, Payment and Settlement of Cash Security Deposits

459   Exercise 19: Processing Cash Security

DepositsExercise Duration: 15 Minutes

Exercise Objectives

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

• Create and further process a cash security deposit.

Business Example

One of your business partners has not made the payments that are due. You agree

that your partner will submit a security deposit.

When terminating the business relationship with this business partner, you release

the security deposit payment and clear it using open receivables.

Task:

Security Deposits

Creating a cash security deposit.

1. Create a cash security deposit request. Use the following information:

Contract

account:

PICA1310## (PI1301C0##)

Type of security

deposit:

Cash Security Deposit

Reasons for 

request

Payment history

Requested

amount:

EUR (USD)

Start date: 01.04.2006

Post the request for the cash security deposit.

During this activity, the system creates a security deposit and a security

deposit request.

Write down the number of the security deposit: _________________ 

Write down the document number of the security deposit request:__________ 

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Unit 12: Security Deposits IUT240

2. Now pay the cash security deposit request at the cash desk. Use the following

information:

Amount: 500.00 EUR (USD)

Company code: U100 (U300)

Bank clearing

account:

113100

Value date: 02.04.2006

Posting date: 02.04.2006

Document date: 02.04.2006

Select the “Post Online” variant, deactivate the bill receivables allocatedusing clearing control, and activate the cash security deposit request. Post

the payment.

Write down the document number: ______________________________ 

Display the account balance and make sure the request for cash security

deposit has been updated properly. What is the status of the security deposit?

What is the transaction of the down payment? Which clearing restrictions

does the security deposit payment have?

3. Release the security deposit payment. What happens to the security deposit

 payment?

Clear the security deposit payment with open receivables. What is the status

of the security deposit now?

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IUT240 Lesson: Request, Payment and Settlement of Cash Security Deposits

Solution 19: Processing Cash Security

DepositsTask:

Security Deposits

Creating a cash security deposit.

1. Create a cash security deposit request. Use the following information:

Contract

account:

PICA1310## (PI1301C0##)

Type of security

deposit:

Cash Security Deposit

Reasons for 

request

Payment history

Requested

amount:

EUR (USD)

Start date: 01.04.2006

Post the request for the cash security deposit.

During this activity, the system creates a security deposit and a security

deposit request.

Write down the number of the security deposit: _________________ 

Write down the document number of the security deposit request:__________ 

a) Choose:   Utilities Industry! Contract Accounts Receivable and 

 Payable!  Account ! Security Deposit !  Enter .

Choose Type of security deposit : Cash security deposit

Confirm with Enter .

Fill in the fields according to the information described and save your 

entries.2. Now pay the cash security deposit request at the cash desk. Use the following

information:

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Unit 12: Security Deposits IUT240

Amount: 500.00 EUR (USD)

Company code: U100 (U300)

Bank clearing

account:

113100

Value date: 02.04.2006

Posting date: 02.04.2006

Document date: 02.04.2006

Select the “Post Online” variant, deactivate the bill receivables allocated

using clearing control, and activate the cash security deposit request. Post

the payment.

Write down the document number: ______________________________ 

Display the account balance and make sure the request for cash security

deposit has been updated properly. What is the status of the security deposit?

What is the transaction of the down payment? Which clearing restrictions

does the security deposit payment have?

a) Choose